Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind

Signal
122

Destined to become a modern classic in the vein of Guns, Germs, and Steel, Sapiens is a lively, groundbreaking history of humankind told from a unique perspective.
     100,000 years ago, at least six species of human inhabited the earth. Today there is just one.
     Us.
Homo Sapiens.
     How did our species succeed in the battle for dominance? Why did our foraging ancestors come together to create cities and kingdoms? How did we come to believe in gods, nations, and human rights; to trust money, books, and laws; and to be enslaved by bureaucracy, timetables, and consumerism? And what will our world be like in the millennia to come?
     In Sapiens, Dr. Yuval Noah Harari spans the whole of human history, from the very first humans to walk the earth to the radical -- and sometimes devastating -- breakthroughs of the Cognitive, Agricultural, and Scientific Revolutions. Drawing on insights from biology, anthropology, palaeontology, and economics, he explores how the currents of history have shaped our human societies, the animals and plants around us, and even our personalities. Have we become happier as history has unfolded? Can we ever free our behaviour from the heritage of our ancestors? And what, if anything, can we do to influence the course of the centuries to come?
     Bold, wide-ranging and provocative, Sapiens challenges everything we thought we knew about being human: our thoughts, our actions, our power...and our future.
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About the author

DR. YUVAL NOAH HARARI has a PhD in History from the University of Oxford and now lectures at the Department of History, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, specialising in World History. His research focuses on broad historical questions, such as: What is the relation between history and biology? Is there justice in history? Did people become happier as history unfolded?     
  65,000 people have taken his online course, "A Brief History of Humankind," and Sapiens is a huge bestseller in Israel and is being published in more than 20 languages worldwide. In 2012 Harari was awarded the annual Polonsky Prize for Creativity and Originality in the Humanistic Disciplines.
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Reviews

4.6
122 total
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Additional Information

Publisher
Signal
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Published on
Oct 28, 2014
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Pages
512
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ISBN
9780771038525
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Features
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Language
English
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Genres
History / Civilization
History / General
History / World
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Yuval Noah Harari
NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER

Yuval Noah Harari, author of the critically-acclaimed New York Times bestseller and international phenomenon Sapiens, returns with an equally original, compelling, and provocative book, turning his focus toward humanity’s future, and our quest to upgrade humans into gods.

Over the past century humankind has managed to do the impossible and rein in famine, plague, and war. This may seem hard to accept, but, as Harari explains in his trademark style—thorough, yet riveting—famine, plague and war have been transformed from incomprehensible and uncontrollable forces of nature into manageable challenges. For the first time ever, more people die from eating too much than from eating too little; more people die from old age than from infectious diseases; and more people commit suicide than are killed by soldiers, terrorists and criminals put together. The average American is a thousand times more likely to die from binging at McDonalds than from being blown up by Al Qaeda.

What then will replace famine, plague, and war at the top of the human agenda? As the self-made gods of planet earth, what destinies will we set ourselves, and which quests will we undertake? Homo Deus explores the projects, dreams and nightmares that will shape the twenty-first century—from overcoming death to creating artificial life. It asks the fundamental questions: Where do we go from here? And how will we protect this fragile world from our own destructive powers? This is the next stage of evolution. This is Homo Deus.

With the same insight and clarity that made Sapiens an international hit and a New York Times bestseller, Harari maps out our future.

哈拉瑞 Yuval Noah Harari
 歐巴馬、比爾蓋茲、馬克祖克柏、羅振宇 強力推薦全球暢銷書《人類大歷史》

作者哈拉瑞-最新力作中文版.搶先美國震撼出版

 

所有希望掌握未來的人

都應該在2017年的開始

就先讀這本書

 

《人類大命運》會震撼你!會振奮你!

更重要的是,它會讓你以未曾思慮過的觀點,深思細想。

—— 康納曼(Daniel Kahneman),《快思慢想》作者

 

在《人類大歷史》,作者哈拉瑞展現了他「後見之明」的洞見,深刻闡述了「A Brief History of Humankind」。而在這本《人類大命運》,哈拉瑞則改以「先見之明」的姿態,提出三個大哉問,並用他一貫銳利幽默的筆調,旁徵博引,深入淺出,為我們預示了「A Brief History of Tomorrow」!

 

幾千年來,不管是中國人、印度人或是埃及人,都面臨著同樣的三大問題:饑荒、瘟疫、戰爭。這三個問題永遠都是人們的心頭大患。但是在過去幾十年間,我們竟然已經成功遏制了饑荒、瘟疫和戰爭!當然這些問題還算不上完全解決,但已經從過去「不可理解、無法控制的自然力量」轉化為「可應付的挑戰」了。我們不再需要祈求某位神祇或聖人來解救人類,而已經相當瞭解,該怎樣做就能預防饑荒、瘟疫和戰爭,而且通常都能成功。

 

如今,人類面臨的是三大新議題:

第一、當「死亡」將逐步走向末日,長生不老之夢可能實現,人們該如何

面對?

第二、當幸福快樂成為天賦人權,個人主義凌駕國族主義,社會將如何變

遷?

第三、當生物醫學工程、半機械人工程、無機生命工程持續進展,人類將

從「智人」的位階躍升成為「神人」(Homo Deus),形同握有上帝的權力,那麼人類的終極命運將會如何?
Yuval Noah Harari
Sapiens är en medryckande och tankeväckande bok om mänsklighetens historia som på kort tid blivit en internationell bästsäljare. Yuval Noah Harari för med imponerande lätthet samman flera olika forskningsområden och perspektiv när han tar oss med från Homo sapiens första steg på jorden till i dag.

För 100 000 år sedan fanns det åtminstone sex olika arter av människor på jorden. I dag finns bara en. Homo sapiens.

Varför blev just vår art så framgångsrik? Hur kommer det sig att vi skapade städer och kungariken? Varför började vi tro på gudar, nationer och mänskliga rättigheter? Varför litar vi på pengar, böcker och lagar? Hur blev vi förslavade av byråkrati, konsumism och jakten på lycka?

»Djärv, mångfacetterad och provokativ utmanar Sapiens allt vi trodde att vi visste om att vara människa: våra tankar, våra handlingar, vår styrka ... och vår framtid.«
the Independent

»Den här fascinerande boken kan inte sammanfattas;du måste helt enkelt läsa den.«
Financial Times

»Sapiens tar sig an de största frågorna både i historien och i vår moderna värld.«
Jared Diamond, författare till Vete, vapen och virus

Dr Yuval Noah Harari (1976) har doktorerat i historia vid University of Oxford och undervisar vid Hebreiska universitetet i Jerusalem. Hans specialområde är världens historia och hans forskning fokuserar på breda historiska frågor som »Hur ser relationen mellan historia och biologi ut?«, »Är historien rättvis?« och »Har människor blivit lyckligare under historiens gång?«.

Harari har publicerat ett flertal böcker och artiklar och hans föreläsningar på nätet om världens historia har gjort succé. Sapiens – en kort historik över mänskligheten har översatts till ett flertal språk och ges ut i över 30 länder.

Yuval Noah Harari
New York Times Bestseller

A Summer Reading Pick for President Barack Obama, Bill Gates, and Mark Zuckerberg

From a renowned historian comes a groundbreaking narrative of humanity’s creation and evolution—a #1 international bestseller—that explores the ways in which biology and history have defined us and enhanced our understanding of what it means to be “human.”

One hundred thousand years ago, at least six different species of humans inhabited Earth. Yet today there is only one—homo sapiens. What happened to the others? And what may happen to us?

Most books about the history of humanity pursue either a historical or a biological approach, but Dr. Yuval Noah Harari breaks the mold with this highly original book that begins about 70,000 years ago with the appearance of modern cognition. From examining the role evolving humans have played in the global ecosystem to charting the rise of empires, Sapiens integrates history and science to reconsider accepted narratives, connect past developments with contemporary concerns, and examine specific events within the context of larger ideas.

Dr. Harari also compels us to look ahead, because over the last few decades humans have begun to bend laws of natural selection that have governed life for the past four billion years. We are acquiring the ability to design not only the world around us, but also ourselves. Where is this leading us, and what do we want to become?

Featuring 27 photographs, 6 maps, and 25 illustrations/diagrams, this provocative and insightful work is sure to spark debate and is essential reading for aficionados of Jared Diamond, James Gleick, Matt Ridley, Robert Wright, and Sharon Moalem.

哈拉瑞/Yuval Noah Harari
《人類大歷史》為什麼能夠在國際暢銷書榜上爆衝?
原因很簡單,它處理的是歷史的大問題、現代世界的大問題,
而且,它的寫作風格是刻骨銘心的生動。你會愛上它!
——戴蒙(Jared Diamond),普立茲獎巨著《槍炮、病菌與鋼鐵》作者

十萬年前,地球上至少有六個人種,但今日,只剩下一個人種:智人(Homo sapiens),亦即明智的人種。但是我們真的明智嗎?

從只能啃食虎狼吃剩的殘骨的猿人,到躍居食物鏈頂端的智人,從雪維洞穴壁上的原始人手印,到阿姆斯壯踩上月球的腳印,從認知革命、農業革命,到科學革命、生物科技革命,我們是如何登上世界舞臺、成為萬物之靈的?

從西元前1776年的《漢摩拉比法典》,到1776年的〈美國獨立宣言〉,從帝國主義、資本主義,到自由主義、消費主義,從獸慾、情慾、到物慾,從獸性、人性、到神性,我們瞭解自己嗎?我們過得更快樂嗎?我們究竟希望自己想要得到什麼、變成什麼?

本書作者哈拉瑞希望滿足讀者的是:

「請給我單單一本書,不到五百頁的篇幅,用清晰可讀的散文,不填塞一堆令人暈頭轉向的年份、人名、地名、稱號,就能涵蓋了人類如何崛起、如何被農作物綁架……乃至影響現代生活甚巨的資本主義、一神教、自由人文主義、基因工程……如何興盛的重大脈絡,讓我洞悉其中的關鍵和意涵。」

許多所謂「大歷史」書,標榜要給讀者一個完整的人類歷史輪廓,但很少成功。通常,描寫文字發明之前的年代,是生物學家、考古學家的專長;但是文字發明之後的年代,則是歷史學家、政治學家和經濟學家的擅場。至於如何讓這兩大段歷史之間沒有斷層,能夠有一以貫之的宏觀解讀,

過去幾乎沒人做得到。許多著名史家的作品,由於欠缺遺傳學或生態學的視野,很多關鍵史事的詮釋,也只是隔靴搔癢。

《人類大歷史:從野獸到扮演上帝》,分成四部分來描述人類大歷史:
七萬年前的大腦認知革命(有能力談八卦,想像不存在的事物,讓陌生人開始合作、建立組織)、
一萬兩千年前的農業革命(讓我們渴求更多、生產更多,分工分職愈趨細膩)、
五百年前的科學革命(帶來快速進步,讓我們擁有上帝的力量,也帶來毀滅)、
以及導致全球大一統、人類大融合的關鍵因素——金錢、帝國、宗教。

作者還希望這本《人類大歷史》能填補傳統史書的三個鴻溝:
歷史觀與哲學觀之間的鴻溝(這本書要提供有史實根據的深刻哲學思考)、
人類和生態系統之間的鴻溝(這本書要讓讀者多從生態系來思考,而不是只講人類的利益)、
集體和個人之間的鴻溝(檢視歷史事件如何影響到當時一般人的生活,例如當時的平民感受如何?有沒有人更幸福或更悲慘?)。
作者認為,讀者若是錯過這樣的觀點和角度,不帶著這些疑問來思考,將會一再錯過歷史中最關鍵、最有意思的部分。

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