Explication du Psaume 51

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 De sa nature et de son enfance, où il reçut une éducation très sévère, Martin Luther avait contracté une attitude craintive vis-à-vis de Dieu, qu'il imaginait constamment en colère contre ses péchés. Devenu moine, ses angoisses religieuses s'accrurent jusqu'à l'amener au voisinage de la folie et du tombeau. Enfin brilla sur lui la grande vérité centrale de la Bible, celle qui fut à la base de la Réforme : La justification de l'homme auprès de Dieu, s'obtient par la foi seule, sans que ses œuvres y apportent aucune contribution. Toute l'exégèse de Luther restera marquée par l'expérience dramatique de cette révélation ; ainsi c'est spontanément, que dans le psaume 51, il s'identifie avec David, roi adultère et assassin, mais pécheur brisé et repentant, qui ne plaide que la pure miséricorde de Dieu. La foi des croyants de l'Ancienne alliance se portait sur le Messie à venir, celle de ceux de la Nouvelle regarde au Messie déjà venu : Jésus-Christ ; les uns et les autres sont donc sauvés par lui de la même manière. Composé en latin en 1532, imprimé en 1545, ce livre du Réformateur sur le Psaume de la repentance de David n'est pas à proprement parler un Commentaire : il va au-delà du texte, en appliquant de manière spirituelle les pensées du psalmiste à la vie chrétienne. Luther explique l'Écriture comme il prêche, son Explication du Psaume 51, est en somme une collection de vingt sermons portant sur chacun des versets. Jean-Frédéric Nardin (1687-1728), qui l'a traduit en français, a été un prédicateur piétiste remarquable du pays de Montbéliard. La traduction du Psaume figurant en tête est de Armand de Mestral (1815-1873), pasteur suisse ; celle placée à la fin, et en vers, de Clément Marot (1496-1544), fameux poète de la cour de Marguerite de Navarre.
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Publisher
ThéoTeX
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Published on
Dec 30, 2016
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Pages
202
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ISBN
9782362602184
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Language
French
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Genres
Religion / Biblical Meditations / Old Testament
Religion / Christianity / Lutheran
Religion / Christianity / Protestant
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Content Protection
This content is DRM free.
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Read Aloud
Available on Android devices
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Eligible for Family Library

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Martin Luther
This edition of the Bondage of the Will was translated by Henry Cole in 1823. "Free will was no academic question to Luther; the whole Gospel of the grace of God, he held, was bound up with it, and stood or fell according to the way one decided it . . . . It is not the part of a true theologian, Luther holds, to be unconcerned, or to pretend to be unconcerned, when the Gospel is in danger . . . . The doctrine of the Bondage of the Will in particular was the corner-stone of the Gospel and the foundation of faith'' (40-41, emphasis added). ''In particular, the denial of free will was to Luther the foundation of the Biblical doctrine of grace, and a hearty endorsement of that denial was the first step for anyone who would understand the Gospel and come to faith in God. The man who has not yet practically and experimentally learned the bondage of his will in sin has not yet comprehended any part of the Gospel" "Justification by faith only is a truth that needs interpretation. The principle of sola fide [by faith alone] is not rightly understood till it is seen as anchored in the broader principle of sola gratia [by grace alone]; . . . for to rely on one's self for faith is not different in principle from relying on one's self for works" The Bible teaches that faith itself is and has to be, a gift of God, by grace, and not of self (Ephesians 2:8). It is safe to deduce that for Luther, any evangelist who advocates free will has not only ''not yet comprehended any part of the Gospel, '' but also that he has not yet preached the Gospel at all; his is a counterfeit gospel.Luther was ordered to recant his teachings on threat of excommunication. Luther thundered, ''Unless I am convinced by Scriptures and plain reason [for Luther, this meant logic], my conscience is captive to the Word of God. I cannot and I will not recant anything. Here I stand, I can do no other!" [From a review in The Trinity Review] Martin Luther (1483-1546) shattered the structure of the Medieval Church by demanding that the authority for doctrine and practice be the Scriptures rather than popes or councils, and ignited the famous Protestant Reformation. The Roman Catholic hierarchy could not refute his logic, so they attempted to have him killed. But he was protected by Frederic. It has been said that more books have been written about Luther than about any other person except Jesus Christ. 164 pages, hard cover
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