Dictionary of English Antonyms

English Word Power

Book 2
Manik Joshi
19
Free sample

Antonym is a word that has the same or nearly the same meaning as another word.

Alphabetical List of English antonyms

Sample This:

English Antonyms – A

1. ABOVE -- (meaning) on top of, over, higher than, more than
Antonyms of ‘Above’ --
below / under / less / beneath / lower

2. ABSORB -- (meaning) to take in energy, gas, heat, light, liquid, etc.
Antonyms of ‘Absorb’ --
emanate / discharge / drip / emit / exude / leak / ooze / radiate / secrete

3. ABSTEMIOUS -- (meaning) not lenient towards yourself
Antonyms of ‘Abstemious’ --
unconstrained / uncontrolled / uninhibited / unrestrained

4. ACCEPT -- (meaning) to take readily something that is offered; to say ‘Yes’ to proposal, offer, etc.
Antonyms of ‘Accept’ --
abandon / deny / disallow / disprove / discard / dump / rebut / refuse / reject

5. ACCIDENTAL -- (meaning) happening by chance
Antonyms of ‘Accidental’ --
deliberate / intentional / planned / premeditated / purposeful / fixed

6. ACCRETION -- (meaning) slowly added layer of a substance
Antonyms of ‘Accretion’ --
corrosion / decay / decomposition / deterioration / disintegration / erosion

7. ACKNOWLEDGE -- (meaning) to accept that something is true
Antonyms of ‘Acknowledge’ --
condone / deny / disprove / challenge / contradict / ignore / invalidate / overlook / rebuff / refute

8. ACTIVE -- (meaning) involved in something or doing something
Antonyms of ‘Active’ --
dormant / idle / inactive / inert / latent / lethargic / listless / passive / sluggish

9. ACTUAL -- (meaning) existing in reality
Antonyms of ‘Actual’ --
fantasy / illusory / imaginary / invented / unreal / virtual

10. ADORATION -- (meaning) intense like
Antonyms of ‘Adoration’ --
abhorrence / detestation / disgust / hatred / loathing / odium / repugnance / repulsion


OTHER USEFUL ANTONYMS -- XYZ
1. abandon -- retain / salvage
2. abase -- deference / respect
3. abashed -- proud / unabashed
4. abate -- strengthen / brace
5. abbreviate -- amplify / lengthen
6. abdicate -- accept / continue
7. aberrant -- typical / usual
8. aberration -- normality / routine
9. abet -- hinder / dissuade
10. abhor -- admire / worship
11. abhorrent -- desirable / pleasing
12. abiding -- temporary / transient
13. ability -- inability / ineptitude
14. abject -- hopeful / optimistic
15. abjure -- own / possess
16. able -- incapable / unable
17. abnormal -- normal / natural
18. abolition -- initiation / launching
19. abominate -- love / respect
20. abortive -- fruitful / productive
21. abrasive -- even / regular / polite
22. abridge -- enlarge / expand
23. abridged -- comprehensive / whole
24. abrupt -- gradual / steady
25. abseil -- ascend / climb
26. absence -- attendance / existence / presence
27. absolute -- relative / virtual
28. absolution -- harshness / severity
29. absolve -- blame / condemn / denounce
30. abstain -- endure / persist
31. abstinence -- excess / indulgence
32. abstract -- concrete / real
33. abstracted -- alert / attentive / aware
34. abstruse -- intelligible / logical / lucid
35. abundant -- meager / scarce
36. abysmal -- excellent / outstanding
37. accede -- disallow / discard
38. acceptable -- deplorable / unacceptable
39. acceptance -- denial / rejection / renunciation
40. accessible -- inaccessible / unachievable
41. acclaim -- condemnation / disapproval
42. accolade -- discredit / disgrace / ignominy
43. accommodating -- disobliging / uncooperative
44. accord -- disagreement / disparity
45. accountable -- inexplicable / unaccountable
46. accredit -- derecognize / disapprove
47. accrual -- decrease / deduction / loss
48. accurate -- inaccurate / incorrect
49. accustomed -- unaccustomed / unfamiliar
50. achievable -- unachievable / unattainable
51. acquiescence -- opposition / resistance
52. acquire -- cede / relinquish / surrender
53. acrid -- saccharine / sugary
54. acrimonious -- harmonious / melodious
55. activate -- deactivate / impede
56. activity -- immobility / sluggishness
57. acuity -- dullness / tedium
58. acumen -- folly / foolhardiness / stupidity
59. adamant -- relenting / yielding
60. add -- deduct / subtract
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About the author

Manik Joshi was born on Jan 26, 1979 at Ranikhet and is permanent resident of Haldwani, Kumaon zone of India. He is an Internet Marketer by profession. He is interested in domaining (business of buying and selling domain names), web designing (creating websites), and various online jobs (including 'self book publishing'). He is science graduate with ZBC (zoology, botany, and chemistry) subjects. He is also an MBA (with specialization in marketing). He has done three diploma courses in computer too.

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Additional Information

Publisher
Manik Joshi
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Published on
Oct 25, 2014
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Pages
83
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ISBN
9781468948585
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Language
English
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Genres
Language Arts & Disciplines / Public Speaking
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This content is DRM protected.
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HOMONYMS
Homonym a word that is spelt like another word (or pronounced like it) but which has a different meaning, for example Key meaning ‘set of answer to problems’ and Key meaning ‘button on computer keyboard’.

The state of being a homonym is called homonymy.

Very Important Note:

In Strict Sense, Homonyms have same spelling, same pronunciation, and different meaning.

HOMONYMS in Strict Sense:

Same Spelling / Same Pronunciation / Different meaning
Homonyms are also known as “Multiple Meaning Words”.

Examples: fare, principal, etc.

Fare -- a passenger | Fare -- price
Principal -- most important | Principal -- head of a school


In Wider Sense, Homonyms can also include words that have same or similar pronunciation (but different spelling) or same spelling (but different pronunciation).
In first situation, they are called ‘HOMOPHONES’
In second situation, they are called ‘HOMOGRAPHS’

HOMONYMS In Wider Sense:

HOMOPHONES:
Different Spelling / Same or Similar Pronunciation / Different meaning
Note: ‘Homophones’ are also called ‘Heterographs’.
Homophones are also known as “Sound-Alike Words”.

Examples: ad/add, know/no, etc.

ad -- advertisement | add -- to include
know -- to have information | no -- refusal


HOMOGRAPHS:
Same Spelling / Different Pronunciation / Different meaning
Note: ‘Homographs’ are also called ‘Heterophones’.

Examples: bow, lead, etc.

Bow (noun) -- [Pronunciation -- boʊ] -- a weapon used for shooting arrows
Bow (verb) -- [Pronunciation -- baʊ] -- to move your head forwards and downwards

Lead (noun) -- [Pronunciation -- led] -- a metallic element
Lead (verb) -- [Pronunciation -- li:d] -- to go in front


100 HOMONYMS ALONG WITH THEIR MEANINGS:
Sample This:

01. Accident
1. Accident -- an event in which injury or damage is caused in or by vehicle
2. Accident -- something that happens unexpectedly

02. Action
1. Action -- a legal process
2. Action -- fighting in a war

03. Alight
1. Alight -- on fire
2. Alight -- to get out of a vehicle

04. Angle
1. Angle -- inclination of two lines with each, measure in degrees
2. Angle -- to catch fish

05. Arch
1. Arch -- curve; semicircle
2. Arch -- mischievous


600 HOMOPHONE PAIRS ALONG WITH THEIR MEANINGS:
Sample This:

01. Abhorrent / Aberrant
1. Abhorrent -- causing hatred for moral reasons
2. Aberrant -- unusual and socially unacceptable

02. Accede / Exceed
1. Accede -- to agree
2. Exceed -- to surpass

03. Accept / Except
1. Accept -- to admit
2. Except -- apart from

04. Acclamation / Acclimation
1. Acclamation -- loud and enthusiastic welcome
2. Acclimation -- process of getting used to a new climate or situation

05. Adapt / Adept / Adopt
1. Adapt -- to adjust or modify
2. Adept -- skillful
3. Adopt -- to become legal parents of somebody’s child


150 HOMOGRAPHS ALONG WITH THEIR MEANINGS:
Sample This:

01. Absent
1. Absent (adjective) -- not present
2. Absent (verb) -- to not be in a place

02. Abuse
1. Abuse (noun) -- misuse
2. Abuse (verb) -- to misuse something

03. Accent
1. Accent (noun) -- pronunciation
2. Accent (verb) -- to put emphasis on a part of something

04. Address
1. Address (noun) -- details of the place where you live or work; postal address
2. Address (verb) -- to make a formal speech

05. Advocate
1. Advocate (noun) -- supporter of something
2. Advocate (verb) -- to support something publicly
AFFIX

A letter or group of letters added to the beginning or end of a word to get a new word with a changed meaning.

Examples –

im- in impossible; ntier- in international

-able in agreeable; -er in learner

 

English Affixes could be divided into two groups:

Prefixes and Suffixes

 

PREFIX

A letter or group of letters added to the beginning of a word to get a new word with a changed meaning.

Examples –

im- in impossible; inter- in international; un- in unaffected

 

SUFFIX

A letter or group of letters added to the end of a word to get a new word with a changed meaning.

Examples –

-able in agreeable; -er in learner; -ness in quickness

 

Sample This:

 

ENGLISH PREFIXES – A

 

a-

Used to form: adjectives, adverbs and nouns

General meaning: not, without

Examples:

acellular / amoral / apolitical / atheism / atheist / atypical

 

******

 

ad-

Used to form: nouns and verbs

General meaning: addition, tendency

Examples:

adjoin / adjudge / admixture

 

******

 

ambi-

Used to form: adjectives, adverbs and nouns

General meaning: both of two

Examples:

ambidexterity / ambidextrous / ambivalence / ambivalent

 

******

 

ante-

Used to form: adjectives, nouns and verbs

General meaning: prior to; in front of

Examples:

antedate / antenatal / anterior / ante-room

 

******

 

anti-

Used to form: adjectives and nouns

General meaning: against; the opposite of; preventing

Examples:

anti-aircraft / anti-bacterial / antibiotic / antibody / anti-choice / anticlerical / anticlimax / anticlockwise / anticoagulant / anti-competitive / anti-copying / anti-corruption / anticyclone / antidepressant / anti-drug / anti-encroachment / anti-extremism / antifreeze / anti-globalization / anti-graft / antigravity / anti-hate / anti-hero / anti-inflammatory / anti-liquor / anti-lock / anti-malarial / anti-national / antioxidant / antiparticle / anti-people / anti-personnel / antiperspirant / anti-poaching / antipyretic / antiretroviral / anti-rowdy / anti-sabotage / antiseptic / antisocial / anti-stalking / antitank / anti-terror / anti-terrorism / anti-theft / antitrust / antiviral / antivirus

 

******

 

ENGLISH SUFFIXES – A

 

-able

Used to form: adjectives, adverbs and nouns

General meaning: that can, should or must be done; having the characteristic of

Examples:

adaptable / agreeable / amenable / amicable / appreciable / approachable / assessable / avertable / avoidable / believable / breakable / calculable / changeable / chargeable / comfortable / companionable / computable / conceivable / controllable / curable / decipherable / declarable / desirable / detectable / detestable / doable / enjoyable / escapable / excitable / explainable / explicable / exploitable / fashionable / foreseeable / graspable / honorable / imaginable / imperturbable / indubitable / inevitable / justifiable / manageable / moveable / noticeable / observable / payable / pleasurable / portable / preventable / punishable / quantifiable / questionable / ratable / reachable / readable / reasonable / reckonable / recognizable / reliable / reputable / respectable / serviceable / sociable / stoppable / taxable / traceable / transferable / translatable / transportable / understandable / usable / utilizable / variable / washable / wearable / workable

 

******

 

-ability

Used to form: nouns

General meaning: a level of skill, intelligence, etc.

Example:

capability / curability / excitability / inescapability / inevitability / playability / preventability / serviceability / unavoidability / usability / workability

 

******

 

-ably

Used to form: adverbs

General meaning: skillful and well; in a particular manner

Examples:

affably / capably / charitably / comfortably / demonstrably / indisputably / inevitably / irritably / notably / noticeably / presumably / probably / reasonably / remarkably

 

******

 

-acy

Used to form: nouns

General meaning: the position, quality, state or status of

Examples:

accuracy / adequacy / delicacy / democracy / intimacy / primacy / privacy / supremacy

 ******

What are “Combining Forms”?

Combining form is a form of a word that can combine with free word, root word or another combining form to get a new word. ‘Combining form’ adds extra meaning to the new word. ‘Combining form’ is added to the beginning or end of free word, root word or another combining form.

(A). Examples of “Combining form + Free Word”:

Agro- + Industry = Agro-industry
Agro- denotes: connected with farming


(B). Example of “Combining form + Root Word”:

Aero- + Gramme = Aerogramm
Aero- denotes: connected with aircraft
Gramme denotes: writing


(C). Examples of “Combining form + Combining form”:

Hydro- + -Logy = Hydrology [the scientific study of the earth's water]
Hydro- denotes: relating to water
-Logy denotes: a subject of study


IMPORTANT NOTES:


1. “Combining form” generally cannot stand alone as free words, but there are many exceptions to this rule.
EXAMPLES:
Combining Form: -like [free word]
lotus + -like = lotus-like
rope + -like = rope-like
-like- denotes: similar to the thing that is mentioned


2. Many Words ending in “-ed”, “-en”, etc. are used as COMBINING FORMS.
EXAMPLES:
Combining Form: -based (ending in ‘-ed’)
foreign + -based = foreign-based
demand + -based = demand-based
-based denotes: containing something as an important feature or part


3. Many words ending in “-ing” are used as COMBINING FORMS.
EXAMPLES:
Combining Form: -looking (ending in ‘-ing’)
fine + -looking = fine-looking
suspicious + -looking = suspicious-looking
-looking- denotes: to be appearing in a way that is mentioned


Alphabetical List of Combining Forms Along With Their Meanings And Examples

Combining Forms -- A

AERO-
Used to form: adjectives, adverbs and nouns
General meaning: connected with aircraft
Examples:
aerobatics / aerodrome / aerodynamics / aerofoil / aerogramme (also, aerogram) / aeronaut / aeronautics / aerospace / aerostat

******

-AFFECTED
Used to form: adjectives
General meaning: suffering from the thing that is mentioned
Examples [along with their use in phrases]:
drug-affected ---- [drug-affected newborns]
famine-affected ---- [famine-affected village]
flu-affected ---- [flu-affected patients]
militancy-affected ---- [militancy-affected state]
quake-affected ---- [quake-affected hills]

Other Examples:
flood-affected / cyclone-affected / explosion-affected / drought-affected / rain-affected / violence-affected

******

AFRO-
Used to form: adjectives and nouns
General meaning: African
Examples [along with their use in phrases]:
Afro-Brazilian ---- [Afro-Brazilian heritage]
Afro-British ---- [Afro-British people]
Afro-Caribbean ---- [Afro-Caribbean cooperation]
Afro-Colombian ---- [Afro-Colombian celebrities]
Afro-Cuban ---- [Afro-Cuban player]
Afro-descendant ---- [Afro-descendant communities]
Afro-Iranian ---- [Afro-Iranian minority]
Afro-Latina ---- [Afro-Latina engineers]
Afro-Mexican ---- [Afro-Mexican students]
Afro-Palestinian ---- [Afro-Palestinian group]
Afro-Turk ---- [Afro-Turk music star]


ALL-
Used to form: adjectives and adverbs
General meaning: each and every one | totally | in the highest degree
Examples:
all-American / all-around / all-British / all-Canadian / all-clear / all-consuming / all-embracing / all-encompassing / all-important / all-inclusive / all-night / all-nighter / all-out / all-over / all-party / all-pervading / all-powerful / all-purpose / all-round / all-rounder / all-star / all-ticket / all-time
WHAT ARE “LITERARY WORDS”?

‘Literary words’ are associated with literature.
‘Literary words’ are typical of a work of literature and imaginative writing.
‘Literary words’ are used with a particular meaning, in narrative, drama, poetry and other writing in a literary manner.

This book has been divided into three sections:
Section 01: Common Literary Words
Section 02: Figurative Use of the Words
Section 03: Glossary of Literary Terms

IMPORTANT NOTES

NOTE -- A:
ELEVATED WORDS
Use of an ‘Elevated’ Word in Place of a ‘Simple’ Word
‘Elevated language’ is widely used in literature.
Elevated Word -- a word that is used to show a high intellectual level
Simple Word -- a word that is used to keep conversation simple in daily life

Example 1:
‘Behold’ [elevated word] | ‘See’ [simple word]
Meaning of ‘behold’ and ‘see’:
to become aware of something by using your eyes

Example 2:
‘Blithe’ [elevated word] | ‘Happy’ [simple word]
Meaning of ‘blithe’ and ‘happy’:
showing or feeling pleasure

******

NOTE -- B:
FIGURATIVE USE OF THE WORDS
Many words and phrases are used in a different (literary) way from their usual (literal) meanings to produce a special effect. [I have put these words together in Section-2 (figurative use of the words) of this book.]

Example-1:
ache: In general sense -- to feel a continuous pain
His leg ached because of injury.
ache: In literary sense -- to be very sad
His false accusations made our heart ache. [= made us sad]

Example-2:
Flash: In general sense -- to shine brightly for a few moments
Camera flashed once.
Flash: In literary sense -- to suddenly show a strong emotion
Their eyes flashed with horror.


******

NOTE -- C:
‘LITERARY TERMS’
There are many words which are used to describe particular form of writing in a literary work, or used in analysis, discussion, classification, and criticism of a literary work. [I have defined these terms in Section-3 (glossary of literary terms) of this book.]

Examples:
catharsis -- the process of releasing strong feelings through artistic activities
diction -- the choice and use of words to create a specific effect in a literary work
epithet -- a word or expression used to attribute special quality to somebody/something
genre -- a particular category, style or type to which a literary wok belongs
holograph -- handwritten piece of writing by its author
idyll -- a poem that describes a peaceful and happy scene
juvenilia -- a literary work produced by an artist, in his/her youth
melodrama -- a literary work that is full of exciting and exaggerated events or emotions
opera -- a dramatic work where a majority of the words are sung to music
panegyric -- a speech or written composition that praises somebody/something
prosody -- the patterns of rhythms and sounds in poetry
quatrain -- a verse of a poem that has four lines
refrain -- a line or number of lines of a song or poem that is repeated after each verse
scene -- one of the small sections within an act (a major division) of a play
semantic -- relating to the meaning of words and sentences
trilogy -- a set of three books, plays, movies, etc. on the same characters or subject

figure of speech -- an expression in which a word or phrase represents one thing in terms of something dissimilar (non-literal) to create a particular effect in somebody’s mind, or in which an emphasis is produced by patterns of sound. [Some common figures of speech are as follows -- alliteration, anaphora, antistrophe. apostrophe, assonance, consonance, hyperbole, irony, litotes, metaphor, metonymy, periphrasis, personification, simile, synecdoche]
What are “Old-fashioned Words”?

Definition of ‘Old-fashioned words’:
“Words and expressions that were common in the past but are passing out of ordinary use.”

‘Old-fashioned words’ are also known as ‘archaic words’. Many people use the term ‘old use’ for the words and expressions that were common in the past but have passed out of ordinary use.
These words are mainly used in historical novels. They are also used to amuse people.

Examples:
Old-fashioned word:
dandified [adjective]
(of a man) too careful about his look or clothes

Old-fashioned word:
vamoose [verb]
to leave fast

Old-fashioned idiom
blot your copybook -- to do something bad to spoil your good reputation among people

Old-fashioned phrasal verb
buck up! -- used to tell somebody to make haste


Detailed list of “old-fashioned words”, parts of speech they belong to, and their meanings are as follows:


Old-fashioned Words -- A

abed [adverb]
in bed

abide [verb]
to stay or live in a place
Use in a sentence: Everybody must abide by the law.

abroad [adverb]
outside; outdoors

accidence [noun]
the part of grammar that deals with the change in the form of a word

accursed [adjective]
having a bad magic spell on something
Use in a sentence: They lived in the forest as if accursed. || There is no escaping the sense of anxiety that we humans are accursed with.

adieu [exclamation]
goodbye
Use in a sentence: They bid adieu to him with mixed emotions.

addled [adjective]
confused / (of an egg) not fresh
Use in a sentence: He is not a silly and addled dude.

without further/more ado [idiom]
at once; immediately
Use in a sentence: Once it was sure that the area had been secured, the children were without more ado accompanied to the assembly hall.

adventurer / adventuress [noun]
a person who is very fond of going to unusual places or gaining new experiences
Use in a sentence: She is a hard-core adventuress, a travel journalist, who has traveled around the world.

aerodrome (airdrome) [noun]
a small airport
Use in a sentence: The extension of the runway was aimed at better services for private operators at the aerodrome.

affair [noun]
an strange or inexplicable thing

affright [verb]
to scare; to frighten
Use in a sentence: Let nothing affright you.

ague [noun]
malaria, dengue or other disease that causes fever and shivering

ail [verb]
to make somebody ill/sick

air hostess [noun]
a female flight attendant

alack [exclamation]
a word that is used to show you are sad or sorry
Use in a sentence: Alas and alack, only a few of those stories are all that funny.

alas [exclamation]
a word that is used to show you are sad or sorry
Use in a sentence: His experiments, alas, were flawed and had been mythologized.

be all up (with somebody) [idiom]
to be the end for somebody

almoner [noun]
a person employed by a hospital to handle financial and social problems of patients
Use in a sentence: They wanted a more active almoner, who could find innovative ways to help the poor.

alms [noun]
money, clothes, food, etc. given to beggars or poor people
Use in a sentence: They were injured in a stampede to receive alms being distributed by a charity.

in the altogether [idiom]
without wearing any clothes

Amerindian [noun]
Native American
Use in a sentence: The word 'guava' originates from the language of the Arawaks, an Amerindian people from the Caribbean.

ammo [noun]
ammunition
Use in a sentence: They have tested and run a lot of ammo through their rifles.

amour [noun]
a secret love affair

anon [adverb]
soon; early, immediately; in a moment

apoplexy [noun]
the sudden and complete loss of the ability to sense or move
apoplectic [adjective]
related to apoplexy

apparel [noun]
formal clothes
Use in a sentence: The US apparel industry is highly fragmented with many players.

applesauce [noun]
nonsense
Use in a sentence: All politics is applesauce!

apprehend [verb]
to understand, realize or be aware of something
Use in a sentence: Making language easy to apprehend is intrinsic to making it appealing.

apricity [noun]
the sun’s warmth on a cold winter’s day

aright [adverb]
correctly or properly
HOMONYMS
Homonym a word that is spelt like another word (or pronounced like it) but which has a different meaning, for example Key meaning ‘set of answer to problems’ and Key meaning ‘button on computer keyboard’.

The state of being a homonym is called homonymy.

Very Important Note:

In Strict Sense, Homonyms have same spelling, same pronunciation, and different meaning.

HOMONYMS in Strict Sense:

Same Spelling / Same Pronunciation / Different meaning
Homonyms are also known as “Multiple Meaning Words”.

Examples: fare, principal, etc.

Fare -- a passenger | Fare -- price
Principal -- most important | Principal -- head of a school


In Wider Sense, Homonyms can also include words that have same or similar pronunciation (but different spelling) or same spelling (but different pronunciation).
In first situation, they are called ‘HOMOPHONES’
In second situation, they are called ‘HOMOGRAPHS’

HOMONYMS In Wider Sense:

HOMOPHONES:
Different Spelling / Same or Similar Pronunciation / Different meaning
Note: ‘Homophones’ are also called ‘Heterographs’.
Homophones are also known as “Sound-Alike Words”.

Examples: ad/add, know/no, etc.

ad -- advertisement | add -- to include
know -- to have information | no -- refusal


HOMOGRAPHS:
Same Spelling / Different Pronunciation / Different meaning
Note: ‘Homographs’ are also called ‘Heterophones’.

Examples: bow, lead, etc.

Bow (noun) -- [Pronunciation -- boʊ] -- a weapon used for shooting arrows
Bow (verb) -- [Pronunciation -- baʊ] -- to move your head forwards and downwards

Lead (noun) -- [Pronunciation -- led] -- a metallic element
Lead (verb) -- [Pronunciation -- li:d] -- to go in front


100 HOMONYMS ALONG WITH THEIR MEANINGS:
Sample This:

01. Accident
1. Accident -- an event in which injury or damage is caused in or by vehicle
2. Accident -- something that happens unexpectedly

02. Action
1. Action -- a legal process
2. Action -- fighting in a war

03. Alight
1. Alight -- on fire
2. Alight -- to get out of a vehicle

04. Angle
1. Angle -- inclination of two lines with each, measure in degrees
2. Angle -- to catch fish

05. Arch
1. Arch -- curve; semicircle
2. Arch -- mischievous


600 HOMOPHONE PAIRS ALONG WITH THEIR MEANINGS:
Sample This:

01. Abhorrent / Aberrant
1. Abhorrent -- causing hatred for moral reasons
2. Aberrant -- unusual and socially unacceptable

02. Accede / Exceed
1. Accede -- to agree
2. Exceed -- to surpass

03. Accept / Except
1. Accept -- to admit
2. Except -- apart from

04. Acclamation / Acclimation
1. Acclamation -- loud and enthusiastic welcome
2. Acclimation -- process of getting used to a new climate or situation

05. Adapt / Adept / Adopt
1. Adapt -- to adjust or modify
2. Adept -- skillful
3. Adopt -- to become legal parents of somebody’s child


150 HOMOGRAPHS ALONG WITH THEIR MEANINGS:
Sample This:

01. Absent
1. Absent (adjective) -- not present
2. Absent (verb) -- to not be in a place

02. Abuse
1. Abuse (noun) -- misuse
2. Abuse (verb) -- to misuse something

03. Accent
1. Accent (noun) -- pronunciation
2. Accent (verb) -- to put emphasis on a part of something

04. Address
1. Address (noun) -- details of the place where you live or work; postal address
2. Address (verb) -- to make a formal speech

05. Advocate
1. Advocate (noun) -- supporter of something
2. Advocate (verb) -- to support something publicly
500 Words and Their Synonyms

Synonym is a word that has the same or nearly the same meaning as another word.

Sample This:

English Synonyms – A

001. ABET -- (meaning) to encourage somebody to do something illegal
Synonyms for ‘Abet’ --
incite / instigate / provoke

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002. ABEYANCE -- (meaning) being stopped for a period of time
Synonyms for ‘Abeyance’ --
dormancy / intermission / suspension

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003. ABILITY -- (meaning) the fact that somebody is able to do something
Synonyms for ‘Ability’ --
aptitude / capability / competence / knack / potential / proficiency / skill / talent

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004. ABLAZE -- (meaning) burning; on fire
Synonyms for ‘Ablaze’ --
aflame / afire / alight

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005. ABRASIVE -- (meaning) not smooth
Synonyms for ‘Abrasive’ --
coarse / harsh / rough

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006. ABSENCE -- (meaning) not available, present, etc.
Synonyms for ‘Absence’ --
nonexistence / nonappearance / nonattendance

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007. ABSTRUSE -- (meaning) difficult to understand
Synonyms for ‘Abstruse’ --
arcane / complicated / convoluted / esoteric / garbled / inarticulate / incoherent / incomprehensible / indecipherable / inexplicable / intricate / obscure / rarefied / recondite / unfathomable / unintelligible / unplumbed

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008. ABUSE -- (meaning) unfair or cruel treatment
Synonyms for ‘Abuse’ --
brutality / cruelty / exploitation / ill-treatment / maltreatment / mistreatment / misuse / spitefulness / viciousness

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009. ABYSS -- (meaning) a very deep crack in the ground
Synonyms for ‘Abyss’ --
chasm / gulf

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010. ACCEDE -- (meaning) to agree to a demand, request, proposal, etc.
Synonyms for ‘Accede’ --
acquiesce / approve / assent / commend / comply / endorse / grant / permission / ratify / sanction

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011. ACCENTUATE -- (meaning) to make something more noticeable
Synonyms for ‘Accentuate’ --
emphasize / highlight / underline / underscore

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012. ACCLIMATIZE -- (meaning) to get used to new situation
Synonyms for ‘Acclimatize’ --
adapt / adjust

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013. ACCOMPLISH -- (meaning) to succeed in getting something
Synonyms for ‘Accomplish’ --
attain / conquer / manage

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014. ACCOST -- (meaning) to come near to somebody/something
Synonyms for ‘Accost’ --
advance / approach / confront

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015. ACCREDITED -- (meaning) officially recognized
Synonyms for ‘Accredited’ --
certified / endorsed / licensed

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016. ACCRUAL -- (meaning) increase in something over a period of time
Synonyms for ‘Accrual’ --
accretion / addition / amassing / buildup / gathering

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017. ACCUSE -- (meaning) to say somebody is guilty of something
Synonyms for ‘Accuse’ --
arraign / blame / charge / impeach / indict / prosecute

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018. ACQUIT -- (meaning) to say officially that somebody is not guilty for a crime
Synonyms for ‘Acquit’ --
absolve / exculpate / exonerate

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019. ADMIRATION -- (meaning) praise or approval
Synonyms for ‘Admiration’ --
acclaim / accolade / applause / approbation / commendation / ovation

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020. ADMIRING -- (meaning) behavior that shows that you respect somebody/something
Synonyms for ‘Admiring’ --
chivalrous / considerate / courteous / deferential / gracious / respectful / reverent / reverential

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021. ADROIT -- (meaning) skillful and accurate
Synonyms for ‘Adroit’ --
agile / deft / dexterous / natty / nifty / nimble / swift

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022. ALARMING -- (meaning) causing feeling of fear and worry
Synonyms for ‘Alarming’ --
baffling / bewildering / confounding / disconcerting / disquieting / distressing / perplexing / puzzling / tormenting / upsetting / worrying

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What are “Capitonyms”?

CAPITONYMS ----
[Capital- capital letter; -Onym: Name]
Capitonym is a word that changes its meaning (and sometimes pronunciation) based on whether or not it is capitalized.
Capitonym [singular] | Capitonyms [plural]
Capitonyms may be nouns, pronouns, verbs, or adjectives.

Characteristics of Capitonyms:
Same spelling except for capitalization
Different meaning when capitalized
Same or different pronunciation

Examples:
Polish and polish
Polish: connected with Poland [adjective]
polish: to make a surface smooth and glossy [verb]

Piedmonts and piedmonts
Piedmont: a region of North West Italy (noun)
piedmont: a slope leading from the foot of mountains to a region of flat land (noun)

Traveler and traveler
Traveler: traveling people of Irish origin [noun]
traveler: a person who is traveling [noun]

Roman and roman
Roman: connected with the Rome
roman: the ordinary type of printing [adjective]

Rosemary and rosemary
Rosemary: a common first name for females in English speaking countries [noun]
rosemary: a bush with small narrow leaves that smell sweet and are used in cooking as a herb [noun]

Regency and regency
Regency: in the style of the period 1811–20 in Britain [adjective]
regency: government by a regent (a person who rules a country in place of the king or queen) [noun]

Scot and scot
Scot: a native of Scotland [noun]
scot: a charge, tax, or payment [noun]

Self and self
Self: a popular American magazine [noun]
self: character or personality [noun]

Warren and warren
Warren: a common name in English speaking countries [noun]
warren: a system of holes and underground tunnels where wild rabbits live [noun]

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Capitonyms are case-sensitive words. However, when capitonyms appear at the beginning of a sentence, there is no way to understand which meaning is being referred to except the context in which they are used.
Capitonyms also create confusion in the aspect of listening. Because there is no way to understand which meaning is being referred to except the context in which they are used.

Capitonyms generally occurs due to one form being a proper noun. Proper noun is a word that is the name of a person, a place, an establishment, etc. and is written with a capital letter.
Thus, capitonyms may include:
A name of a person (Jack/jack)
A name of a place, city, country, etc. (Japan/japan)
A name of a language (Ewe/ewe)
A name of a company (Fiat/fiat)
A name of a publication (Time/time)
A name of a river/lake/hill/mountain, etc.

DETAILED LIST OF PAIRS OF CAPITONYMS
THIS BOOK CONTAINS MEANINGS OF MORE THAN 1400 ADVANCED ENGLISH WORDS (including phrasal verbs and idioms).

English Words And Meanings, Advance English Words And Their Meanings, Learn English Words For Improving Your English, English Words And Meanings From Letter A To Letter Z

Sample This:

("sb" implies somebody, "sth" implies something)

abase yourself to accept sb's power over you
knuckle under to sb/sth to accept sb/sth else's authority
submissive too willing to accept sb else's authority
subservient to sth submissive, less important than sth else

abashed ashamed and embarrassed
bashful shy and easily embarrassed
put sb on the spot to make sb feel embarrassed by asking difficult question

about turn / volte face complete change of opinion, etc.
turn about sudden and complete change in sth

abstemious not allowing yourself to have much food or alcohol or enjoyable activities
austere without any decorations; (of a person) strict and serious; abstemious

ad-lib to give a speech or a performance without preparation or practice
improvise to make or do sth using whatever is available, to ad-lib

abuse unfair or cruel treatment of sb/sth
oppress to treat sb cruelly, to weigh down
persecute to treat sb cruelly

acclaim to praise sb publicly, praise and approval
commendation / plaudits praise and approval

accolade praise or award of honour
laurels honour and praise given to sb because of sth they have achieved

acrid bitter smell or taste
acrimony bitter feelings or words

adolescent young person who is developing from a child into an adult
teens years of a person's life when they are between 13 and 19 years old

affected pretended
disaffected unsatisfied

affront to insult or offend sb
take umbrage at sth to feel offended or upset by sth

aft in the stern of the ship or aircraft
abaft in the stern of a ship
stern the back end of a boat or ship

agglomeration group of things put together in no particular order
conglomeration mixture of different things found all together

a la carte food which is selected from the list of dishes and prices
table d' hot plate of food with fixed price

agnosia inability to recognize people and things
analgesia loss of the ability to feel pain while still conscious
apoplexy inability to feel, move because of injury in the brain
asphyxia difficulty in breathing which may cause death or unconsciousness
dyslexia difficulty in reading and spelling but no effect in intelligence

agoraphobia fear of being in the crowd
claustrophobia fear of being in a small confined place

alimony money, which is given to former husband or wife after the end of the marriage
palimony money which is given to former partner after the end of a relationship

altercation noisy argument or disagreement
argy-bargy noisy disagreement

alumna former woman student
alumnus former male student

amble / saunter / stroll to walk in a slow relaxed way
ramble to walk for pleasure
AFFIX

A letter or group of letters added to the beginning or end of a word to get a new word with a changed meaning.

Examples –

im- in impossible; ntier- in international

-able in agreeable; -er in learner

 

English Affixes could be divided into two groups:

Prefixes and Suffixes

 

PREFIX

A letter or group of letters added to the beginning of a word to get a new word with a changed meaning.

Examples –

im- in impossible; inter- in international; un- in unaffected

 

SUFFIX

A letter or group of letters added to the end of a word to get a new word with a changed meaning.

Examples –

-able in agreeable; -er in learner; -ness in quickness

 

Sample This:

 

ENGLISH PREFIXES – A

 

a-

Used to form: adjectives, adverbs and nouns

General meaning: not, without

Examples:

acellular / amoral / apolitical / atheism / atheist / atypical

 

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ad-

Used to form: nouns and verbs

General meaning: addition, tendency

Examples:

adjoin / adjudge / admixture

 

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ambi-

Used to form: adjectives, adverbs and nouns

General meaning: both of two

Examples:

ambidexterity / ambidextrous / ambivalence / ambivalent

 

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ante-

Used to form: adjectives, nouns and verbs

General meaning: prior to; in front of

Examples:

antedate / antenatal / anterior / ante-room

 

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anti-

Used to form: adjectives and nouns

General meaning: against; the opposite of; preventing

Examples:

anti-aircraft / anti-bacterial / antibiotic / antibody / anti-choice / anticlerical / anticlimax / anticlockwise / anticoagulant / anti-competitive / anti-copying / anti-corruption / anticyclone / antidepressant / anti-drug / anti-encroachment / anti-extremism / antifreeze / anti-globalization / anti-graft / antigravity / anti-hate / anti-hero / anti-inflammatory / anti-liquor / anti-lock / anti-malarial / anti-national / antioxidant / antiparticle / anti-people / anti-personnel / antiperspirant / anti-poaching / antipyretic / antiretroviral / anti-rowdy / anti-sabotage / antiseptic / antisocial / anti-stalking / antitank / anti-terror / anti-terrorism / anti-theft / antitrust / antiviral / antivirus

 

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ENGLISH SUFFIXES – A

 

-able

Used to form: adjectives, adverbs and nouns

General meaning: that can, should or must be done; having the characteristic of

Examples:

adaptable / agreeable / amenable / amicable / appreciable / approachable / assessable / avertable / avoidable / believable / breakable / calculable / changeable / chargeable / comfortable / companionable / computable / conceivable / controllable / curable / decipherable / declarable / desirable / detectable / detestable / doable / enjoyable / escapable / excitable / explainable / explicable / exploitable / fashionable / foreseeable / graspable / honorable / imaginable / imperturbable / indubitable / inevitable / justifiable / manageable / moveable / noticeable / observable / payable / pleasurable / portable / preventable / punishable / quantifiable / questionable / ratable / reachable / readable / reasonable / reckonable / recognizable / reliable / reputable / respectable / serviceable / sociable / stoppable / taxable / traceable / transferable / translatable / transportable / understandable / usable / utilizable / variable / washable / wearable / workable

 

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-ability

Used to form: nouns

General meaning: a level of skill, intelligence, etc.

Example:

capability / curability / excitability / inescapability / inevitability / playability / preventability / serviceability / unavoidability / usability / workability

 

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-ably

Used to form: adverbs

General meaning: skillful and well; in a particular manner

Examples:

affably / capably / charitably / comfortably / demonstrably / indisputably / inevitably / irritably / notably / noticeably / presumably / probably / reasonably / remarkably

 

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-acy

Used to form: nouns

General meaning: the position, quality, state or status of

Examples:

accuracy / adequacy / delicacy / democracy / intimacy / primacy / privacy / supremacy

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