Dictionary of One-word Substitution

English Word Power

Book 13
Manik Joshi
24
Free sample

One-Word Substitutes: A Word that is used in place of a complete sentence

This book covers the following topics:
(01). Related Words
(02). Scientific Studies
(03). That Which Cannot Be…
(04). Types of Behavior
(05). Types of Doctors
(06). Different Instruments
(07). A Particular Type of Place
(08). A Particular Type of Person
(09). Phobia and Mania
(10). Connected With…
(11). Country-Government
(12). Types of States
(13). Types of Statements
(14). Money-Related
(15). Other Topics
(A). Professions
(B). A Collection of Things
(C). Act of Killing
(D). Physical Appearance of A Person
(16). Various One-word Substitutes

Sample This:

(01). Related Words

01a. A person who looks at the bright side of things -- Optimist
01b. A person who looks at the dark side of things -- Pessimist

02a. All the animals living in a particular area -- Fauna
02b. Plants and vegetation in a particular area -- Flora

03a. A government tax on goods brought into the country -- Customs
03b. A government tax on goods made within a country -- Excise

04a. A person who is more interested in others -- Extrovert
04b. A person who keeps himself to himself -- Introvert

05a. That which cannot be harmful or dangerous -- Innocuous
05b. Causing serious harm in gradual or unnoticeable way -- Insidious

06a. A person who is taking examination -- Examinee
06b. A person who examine the copies of examinees -- Examiner

07a. A person who talks too much -- Garrulous/Loquacious
07b. A person who eats too much -- Glutton

08a. To suddenly change direction -- Deflect
08b. To keep on changing direction during movement -- Meander

09a. Ability to know something on the basis of feelings rather than reasoning -- Intuition
09b. Ability to speak without moving your lips -- Ventriloquism

10a. To change a law in order to improve it -- Amend
10b. To correct the mistakes in manuscript, etc. -- Emend

11a. A person between 70 and 79 years old -- Septuagenarian
11b. A person between 80 and 89 years old -- Octogenarian

12a. Animals having spinal column -- Vertebrate
12b. An animal with thick skin -- Pachyderm

13a. Obeying rules and requests -- Compliance
13b. Open refusal to obey -- Defiance

14a. The state of being married -- Matrimony
14b. The state of being unmarried -- Bachelorhood

15a. A woman whose husband has died -- Widow
15b. A man whose wife has died -- Widower

16a. Things of different nature -- Heterogeneous
16b. Things of same nature -- Homogeneous

17a. A religious song -- Hymn
17b. A pleasant song used for causing children to sleep -- Lullaby

18a. To rise in value -- Appreciate
18b. To go down in value -- Depreciate

19a. A disorder in which person eats too less because of abnormal fear of being fat -- Anorexia
19b. A disorder in which person repeatedly eats too much -- Bulimia

20a. To increase the intensity of a disease -- Aggravate
20b. To go from bad to worse – Deteriorate

21a. A school for small children -- Kindergarten
21b. A student who has left school or class without permission -- Truant

22a. To free somebody from all blame -- Exonerate
22b. To free a person from a charge by verdict -- Acquit

23a. A co-worker in the same institution -- Colleague
23b. Equal in rank -- Peer

24a. An office with high salary but no work -- Sinecure
24b. A position in an organization without salary -- Honorary

25a. An assembly of hearers at a lecture or concert -- Audience
25b. An assembly of worshippers -- Congregation
Read more
Collapse

About the author

Manik Joshi was born on Jan 26, 1979 at Ranikhet and is permanent resident of Haldwani, Kumaon zone of India. He is an Internet Marketer by profession. He is interested in domaining (business of buying and selling domain names), web designing (creating websites), and various online jobs (including 'self book publishing'). He is science graduate with ZBC (zoology, botany, and chemistry) subjects. He is also an MBA (with specialization in marketing). He has done three diploma courses in computer too. ManikJoshi.com is the personal website of the author.

Read more
Collapse
4.5
24 total
Loading...

Additional Information

Publisher
Manik Joshi
Read more
Collapse
Published on
Oct 25, 2014
Read more
Collapse
Pages
53
Read more
Collapse
Read more
Collapse
Read more
Collapse
Language
English
Read more
Collapse
Genres
Language Arts & Disciplines / Public Speaking
Read more
Collapse
Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
Read more
Collapse
Read Aloud
Available on Android devices
Read more
Collapse

Reading information

Smartphones and Tablets

Install the Google Play Books app for Android and iPad/iPhone. It syncs automatically with your account and allows you to read online or offline wherever you are.

Laptops and Computers

You can read books purchased on Google Play using your computer's web browser.

eReaders and other devices

To read on e-ink devices like the Sony eReader or Barnes & Noble Nook, you'll need to download a file and transfer it to your device. Please follow the detailed Help center instructions to transfer the files to supported eReaders.
What are “Hypernyms and Hyponyms”?

HYPERNYM ----
[Hyper- Over; -Onym: Name]
Hypernym is a word that denotes general category.
Hypernym [singular] | Hypernyms [plural]
Examples: game, bird, etc.
Hypernym is also called ‘Generic term’, ‘Super-ordinate’, ‘Super-type’, or ‘Superset’.

Derived terms related to ‘Hypernyms’:
Hypernymous
Words that are hypernyms are said to be hypernymous.
Hypernymy
The state of being a hypernym is called hypernymy.

HYPONYM ----
[Hypo- Under; -Onym: Name]
Hyponym is a word that denotes particular item from general category.
Hyponym [singular] | Hyponyms [plural]
Examples: football/hockey/cricket, eagle/peacock/sparrow, etc.
Hyponym is also called ‘Subordinate’, ‘Subtype’ or ‘Subset’.

Derived terms related to ‘Hyponyms’:
Hyponymous
Words that are hyponyms are said to be hyponymous.
Hyponymy
The state of being a hyponym is called hyponymy.

In above examples, ‘game’ is the hypernym (or supertype) of ‘cricket’, ‘football’ and ‘hockey’.
‘Cricket’, ‘football’ and ‘hockey’ are hyponyms (or subtypes) of ‘game’.

Similarly, ‘bird’ is the hypernym (or supertype) of ‘eagle’, ‘peacock’ and ‘sparrow’.
‘Eagle’, ‘peacock’ and ‘sparrow’ are hyponyms (or subtypes) of ‘bird’.


IMPORTANT NOTE 1:
Relationship between hypernym and hyponym is termed as ‘is-a relationship’.
Pattern:
Hyponym + is-a/an + Hypernym

Example 1:
Hypernym: game
Hyponym: cricket, football, hockey

Cricket is a game.
Football is a game.
Hockey is a game.

Example 2:
Hypernym: bird
Hyponym: eagle, peacock, sparrow

Eagle is a bird.
Peacock is a bird.
Sparrow is a bird.


Hypernyms and Hyponyms -- A

Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A1 --
Hypernym -- acid
Hyponyms -- amino acid / ascetic acid / ascorbic acid / boric acid / carbonic acid / citric acid / hydrochloric acid / hydrofluoric acid / lactic acid / nitric acid / nucleic acid / oxalic acid / phosphoric acid / sulfuric (sulphuric) acid


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A2 --
Hypernym -- account
Hyponyms -- budget account / checking account / current account / deposit account / savings account


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A3 --
Hypernym -- affix
Hyponyms -- prefix / suffix


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A4 --
Hypernym -- African
Hyponyms -- Algerian / Congolese / Egyptian / Kenyan / Liberian / Libyan / Moroccan / Senegalese / Sudanese / Ugandan


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A5 --
Hypernym -- algae
Hyponyms -- anabaena / cowstail / cuvie / dabbylocks / featherweed / flans / grapestone / gulf weed / honeyware / laver / liadhaig / murlins / nostoc / pod weed / pompon / oscillatoria / rockweed / seaweed / thong weed / watersilk


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A6 --
Hypernym -- age [a particular period of history
Hyponyms -- bronze age / iron age / new age / stone age


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A7 --
Hypernym -- agent
Hyponyms -- double agent / estate agent / land agent / press agent / secret agent / special agent / travel agent


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A08 --
Hypernym -- alloy
Hyponyms -- amalgam / billon / brass / bronze / iron / magnalium / megallium / nichrome / scandium / solder / steel / stellite

Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A09 --
Hypernym -- amphibian
Hyponyms -- frog / salamander / toad

Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A10 --
Hypernym -- angle
Hyponyms -- acute angle / adjacent angle / exterior angle / interior angle / obtuse angle / reflex angle / right angle
What are “Holonyms and Meronyms”?

HOLONYMS ----
[Holo- Whole; -Onym: Name]
Holonym is a word that denotes a thing that is complete in itself and whose part, member or substance is represented by another word.
Holonym [singular] | Holonyms [plural]
Example: ‘Bird’ is a holonym of ‘Feather’.

Derived terms related to ‘Holonyms’:
Holonymous
Words that are Holonyms are said to be Holonymous.
Holonymy
The state of being a Holonym is called Holonymy.

MERONYMS ----
[Mero- Part; -Onym: Name]
Meronym is a word that denotes a constituent part, member or substance of something that is complete in itself.
Meronym [singular] | Meronyms [plural]
Example: ‘Feather’ is a meronym of ‘Bird’.

Derived terms related to ‘Meronyms’:
Meronymous
Words that are Meronyms are said to be Meronymous.
Meronymy
The state of being a Meronym is called Meronymy.


Holonyms and Meronyms -- A

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A1 --
Holonym -- air-conditioner
Meronyms -- blower / compressor / condenser coil / control panel / cooling coil / evaporator coil / expansion valve / fan / motor / temperature sensing bulb / thermostat

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A2 --
Holonym -- airplane (aeroplane)
Meronyms -- aileron / altimeter / black box / cabin / cargo / cockpit / cowling / elevator / fin / flap / flight deck / fuselage / galley / hatch / jet engine / leading edge / nose / propeller / rudder / seat / slat / tail / trailing edge / undercarriage / wing

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A3 --
Holonym -- airport
Meronyms -- airplane / airstrip / air terminal / control tower / hangar / lounge / taxiway / terminal

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A4 --
Holonym -- algae
Meronyms -- cell membrane / cell wall / chloroplast / cytoplasm / flagellum / nucleolus / nucleus / starch vacuole

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A5 --
Holonym -- atom
Meronyms -- electron / neutron / proton

Other Examples:
Holonym / Meronym -- Example A6 –
‘abacus’ is the holonym of ‘wire’
wire’ is a meronym of ‘abacus’

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A7 –
‘album’ is the holonym of ‘photograph’
‘photograph’ is a meronym of ‘album’

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A8 --
‘asparagus’ is the holonym of ‘spear’
‘spear’ is a meronym of ‘asparagus’

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A9 --
‘atmosphere’ is the holonym of ‘stratosphere’
‘stratosphere’ is a meronym of ‘atmosphere’
What are “Oronym Words”?

ORONYMS ----
[Oro- Whole; Nym: Name]
An oronym is a word or phrase that sounds very much the same as another word or phrase, often as a result of sounds running together. Oronyms are spelt differently and they have different meanings.

Oronym [singular] | Oronyms [plural]
Example: A name ---- an aim

Some Important Points:
1. An oronym is also called a continunym or a sliceonym.

2. An oronym generally originates when it is difficult to tell where one word ends and the next begins (e.g. a name -- an aim). An oronym also originates when a particular word may be divided into two or more meaningful words (e.g. affection -- a faction).

3. Effectiveness of oronyms may depend on what somebody is saying in context with the rest of the conversation.

3(A). Oronyms may completely alter the meaning of what somebody is saying.
Example:
They wanted the allocation of house.
They wanted the location of house.

3(B). Oronyms may also make conversation very funny.
Example:
Teacher asked the student to give an example.
Teacher asked the student to give an egg sample.

3(C). Oronyms may also make conversation completely senseless.
Example:
They will appoint a new manager at the earliest.
They will a point a new manager at the earliest.

4. Oronyms may also include abbreviations (shortened form of a word or group of words)
Examples:
ICT -- I see tea
VC -- we see


Derived Terms Related To ‘Oronyms’:
Oronymous
Words or phrases that are Oronyms are said to be Oronymous.
Oronymy
The state of being an Oronym is called Oronymy.

Following is the detailed list of Oronyms:


Oronym Words -- A

Oronym Pair -- A1
air-to-air ---- year-to-year
Example:
The jets had air-to-air weapons.
The jets had year-to-year weapons.

Oronym Pair -- A2
aggregate ---- a green gate
[aggregate -- total]

Oronym Pair -- A3
aggregator ---- a grass eater
[aggregator -- a kind of Internet company]

Oronym Pair -- A4
agree to differ ---- a great offer
[agree to differ -- (of two people) to not discuss their different views about something | offer -- proposal]

Oronym Pair -- A5
angry response ---- a grey sponge

Oronym Pair -- A6
accede ---- a seat
[accede -- to agree]

Oronym Pair -- A7
accent ---- a cent
[accent -- pronunciation | cent -- a coin]

Oronym Pair -- A8
accord ---- a cord
[accord -- agreement | cord -- string or rope]

Oronym Pair -- A9
accounting ---- a counting
[accounting -- bookkeeping]

Oronym Pair -- A10
accrue ---- a crew
[accrue -- amass | crew -- team]
What are “Root Words”? -- A root, or root word is a word which is used to form another word. It is also called a base word. A root does not have a prefix (A letter or group of letters added to the beginning of a word) or a suffix (A letter or group of letters added to the end of a word). Root is the primary lexical unit of a word, and of a word family. For example, pure is a root. By adding prefixes and suffixes, the following words could be made: impure, purity, pureness. Similarly, play and move are root words. By adding prefixes and suffixes, the following words could be made: plays, played, playing, player; moving, movement, moved, movable, mover, movingly. In this book, I have given most common Greek and Latin roots which are used in English language. Sample this: Root Words -- A-  AB/ABS-Origin: Latin-Meaning: -way, from, off-Examples:-abate -- to subside; abhor -- to hate | related word: abhorrence; abject -- hopeless; abjure -- to renounce; abnormal -- unusual | related words: abnormally, abnormality; abrasion -- cut or scratch; abroad -- out of the country; abscess -- swelling; abscond -- to run away | related word: absconder; abseil -- to go down a steep cliff; absence -- nonattendance | related words: absent / absentee / absenteeism / absentia / absently; absolute -- complete; absolve -- to forgive; absorb -- to soak up | related words: absorbable / absorbance / absorbed / absorbency / absorbent / absorbing / absorption; abstain -- to give up something for moral reason | related words: abstainer / abstention / abstinence; abstemious -- critical; abstinent -- not having something for moral reason; abstract -- theoretical | related words: abstracted / abstractedly / abstraction / abstractly; abstruse -- difficult to understand; obscure; absurd -- ridiculous | related words: absurdist / absurdity / absurdly; abundance -- plenty | related words: abundant / abundantly **** ALB -Origin: Latin - Meaning: white - Examples:- albino -- somebody born with no pigment in skin | related word: albinism; albumen -- white of an egg **** AMBI- Origin: Latin-Meaning: both-Examples:- ambiguous -- double meaning; uncertain; ambidexterity -- ability to use both the left and right hand equally well | related word: ambidextrous; ambivalent -- showing both good and bad feelings **** ANIM- Origin: Latin- Meaning: breath, life - Examples:-animate -- having life; to make something full of liveliness | related words: animated, animatedly, animation, animato, animator; animateur -- a person who promotes social activities; animism -- the belief that natural objects possesses soul | related words: animist, animistic **** AQUA- Origin: Latin- Meaning: water- Examples: -aquaculture -- the act of growing of plants in water for food; aqualung -- a device for breathing for divers; aquamarine -- a pale greenish-blue stone or color; aquaplane -- an equipment used in boat; aquarium -- container to kept fish and water plants; aquarobics -- physical exercises that are done in water; aquatic -- growing near water **** AUD- Origin: Latin- Meaning: hearing- Examples:- audible -- capable of being heard | related words: audibly, audibility; audience -- crowd of listeners; auditorium -- a building for public meetings, etc. **** Other Root Words – A - Root Word [Origin] – Meaning - a [Greek] -- not | ab [Latin] -- away, off | ablat [Latin] -- remove | ablut [Latin] -- wash | abort [Latin] -- born too soon | abr [Greek] -- delicate | abras [Latin] -- rub off | abund [Latin] -- overflow | aca [Greek] -- point; silence | acanth [Greek] -- thorn | acar [Greek] -- tiny | acceler [Latin] -- hasten | ace [Greek] -- heal | acer [Latin] -- sharp | acerb [Latin] -- bitter | acet [Latin] -- vinegar | ach [Greek] -- pain | achr [Greek] -- colorless | acid [Latin] -- sour | acm [Greek] -- summit | aco [Greek] -- relief | acri [Latin] -- bitter | acrib [Greek] -- exact | acrit [Greek] -- confused | acro [Greek] -- height, summit | acut [Latin] -- sharp | ad [Latin] -- toward | ade [Greek] -- enough | adip [Latin] -- fat | adol [Greek] -- genuine | adox [Greek] -- irrelevant | adr [Greek] -- thick | adul [Latin] -- flatter | adulter [Latin] -- pollute | aegi [Latin] -- a shield | aegr [Latin] -- sick | aeno [Greek] -- terrible | aep [Greek] -- tall | aequa [Latin] -- equal | aero [Greek] -- atmosphere | aesthet [Greek] -- sensitive | aeth [Greek] -- unusual | aeti [Greek] -- a cause | ag [Latin] -- toward | aga [Greek] -- very | agall [Greek] -- adorn | agan [Greek] -- gentle | agath [Greek] -- good | agglutin [Latin] -- joined together with glue | agn [Greek] -- pure | agr [Greek] -- booty | agro [Greek] -- field | aist [Greek] -- unseen | alb [Latin] -- white | ale [Greek] -- strong | aleo [Greek] -- warm | alg [Greek] -- pain | alia [Greek] -- assembly | alio [Greek] -- different | alluv [Latin] -- overflow | alter [Latin] -- other | alti [Latin] -- high | am [Greek] -- not, without | ama [Greek] -- together | amal [Greek] -- soft | amar [Latin] -- bitter | ambi Latin] -- both | ambl [Greek] -- blunt | ambo [Latin] -- both | ambul [Latin] -- to walk | ameb/amoeb [Greek] -- change | ami [Latin] -- friend | amor [Latin] -- liking | amphi [Greek] -- both | ampl [Latin] -- plentiful | an [Greek] -- not, without | anch [Greek] -- strangle | anchi [Greek] -- near | andr [Greek] -- masculine | anemo [Greek] -- wind | aneu [Greek] -- without | ang [Greek] -- vessel | ania [Greek] -- trouble | ann [Latin] -- yearly | annal [Latin] -- annual | ano [Greek] -- up | anomal [Greek] -- irregular | ante [Latin] -- before, old | antho [Greek] -- flower | anthra [Greek] -- coal | anthropo [Greek] -- human | anti [Greek] -- against | antr [Greek] -- cavity | anu [Latin] -- ring | aper [Latin] -- open | aphe [Greek] -- touch | aphel [Greek] -- smooth | aphod [Greek] -- departure | aphr [Greek] -- foam | aphron [Greek] -- silly | aphy [Greek] -- suck | apor [Greek] -- away from | apsi [Greek] -- juncture | ar [Greek] -- not, without | ara [Latin] -- plow | arc [Latin] -- arch | arcan [Latin] -- box | arcan [Latin] -- hidden | arch [Greek] -- ruler | archae/arche [Greek] -- ancient | arcy [Greek] -- net | ardo [Greek] -- water, irrigate | aren [Latin] -- sand | argent [Latin] -- silver | ari [Greek] -- much | arid [Latin] -- dry | arist [Greek] -- excellence | arthr [Greek] -- joint | asci [Greek] -- bladder | asine [Greek] -- harmless | aspr [Latin] -- rough | aster [Greek] -- star | atav [Latin] -- ancestor | athl [Greek] -- contest | atm [Greek] -- smoke | atr [Latin] -- black | au [Greek] -- besides | aug [Latin] -- increase | aur [Latin] -- relating to gold | auri [Latin] -- relating to the ear | auro [Latin] -- air | auto [Greek] -- self | avar [Latin] -- greed | avi [Latin] -- bird | axi [Latin] -- axis | axio [Greek] -- precious
Useful English Idioms and their meanings in simple words | Alphabetical list of English Idioms

Sample this:

Useful English Idioms -- A

Aback
be taken aback -- to be shocked

Abeyance
in abeyance -- postponed

Above
above all -- most of all

Abreast
keep abreast of -- to know the latest update

Abstract
in the abstract -- generally

Abundance
in abundance -- in great amounts or quantities

Accident
by accident -- unintentionally

Accompaniment
to the accompaniment of -- in the addition of something else

Accord
in accord -- in agreement
of your own accord -- willingly
with one accord -- in unison

Accordance
in accordance with -- according to a rule or system

Account
by all accounts -- as said by other people
by your own account -- as said by you
of no account -- of no significance
on somebody’s account -- because of other person
on account of -- because of
on no account -- without any reason
on your own account -- by or for yourself
on this account -- because of this
turn something to good account -- to make the best use of something
take account of -- to consider something during decision-making process

Ace
hold all the aces -- to be in the most favorable situation
place your ace -- to use your best argument, etc. to make situation in your favor

Acquaintance
make the acquaintance of somebody -- to be familiar with somebody for the first time
of your acquaintances -- that you know
on first acquaintance -- on first meeting

Acquire
an acquired taste -- something that you like gradually

Act
act of God -- a natural event
do a vanishing act -- to be absent when you are required to be present
get your act together -- to make your best efforts achieve to your goal
a hard act to follow -- to be perfect example of something and thus almost impossible to be emulated
in the act of doing something -- while somebody is doing something
in action -- doing the usual activity
into action -- to be implemented
out of action -- not working

Add
add insult to injury -- to aggravate the relationship with somebody

Addition
in addition -- besides

Ado
without further ado -- immediately

Advanced
of advanced age -- very old

Advantage
work to your advantage -- to try to get advantage form a particular circumstance
to best advantage -- in a best possible way
turn something to your advantage -- to get an advantage from an unfavorable situation

Advisement
Take something under advisement -- to consider something during decision-making process

Aegis
under the aegis of -- with the support of

Afoul
run afoul of -- to do something illegal

Afar
from afar -- from a long distance away

Afield
far afield -- from a long distance away

Afoul
run afoul of -- to do something illegal

After
after all -- in spite of everything

Age
act your age -- to behave maturely and sensibly
come of age -- to be legally mature
under age -- to be legally immature

Aggregate
in aggregate -- as a total

Agree
agree to differ -- (of two people) to not discuss their different views about something

Aim
take aim at -- to criticize severely

Air
walk on air -- to be delighted
in the air -- felt by many people
on air -- broadcasting on TV, etc.
off air -- not broadcasting on TV, etc.
up in the air -- undecided

Aisle
walk down the aisle -- to get married

Alarm
alarm bells ring -- to be worried and apprehensive in a sudden way

Alive
alive and kicking -- healthy and lively
bring something alive -- to make something exciting
come alive -- to be exciting

And
and all that -- and other things of the same kind
not all that -- not particularly

Allow
allow me -- used to offer help in a polite manner

Allowance
make allowance for something -- to consider something during decision-making process
make allowance for somebody -- to accept somebody’s improper, rude, etc. way of behaving because of special reason

Alone
go it alone -- to do something on your own
leave alone -- to stop annoying somebody
stand alone -- to be independent or unrelated to somebody/something
What are “Hypernyms and Hyponyms”?

HYPERNYM ----
[Hyper- Over; -Onym: Name]
Hypernym is a word that denotes general category.
Hypernym [singular] | Hypernyms [plural]
Examples: game, bird, etc.
Hypernym is also called ‘Generic term’, ‘Super-ordinate’, ‘Super-type’, or ‘Superset’.

Derived terms related to ‘Hypernyms’:
Hypernymous
Words that are hypernyms are said to be hypernymous.
Hypernymy
The state of being a hypernym is called hypernymy.

HYPONYM ----
[Hypo- Under; -Onym: Name]
Hyponym is a word that denotes particular item from general category.
Hyponym [singular] | Hyponyms [plural]
Examples: football/hockey/cricket, eagle/peacock/sparrow, etc.
Hyponym is also called ‘Subordinate’, ‘Subtype’ or ‘Subset’.

Derived terms related to ‘Hyponyms’:
Hyponymous
Words that are hyponyms are said to be hyponymous.
Hyponymy
The state of being a hyponym is called hyponymy.

In above examples, ‘game’ is the hypernym (or supertype) of ‘cricket’, ‘football’ and ‘hockey’.
‘Cricket’, ‘football’ and ‘hockey’ are hyponyms (or subtypes) of ‘game’.

Similarly, ‘bird’ is the hypernym (or supertype) of ‘eagle’, ‘peacock’ and ‘sparrow’.
‘Eagle’, ‘peacock’ and ‘sparrow’ are hyponyms (or subtypes) of ‘bird’.


IMPORTANT NOTE 1:
Relationship between hypernym and hyponym is termed as ‘is-a relationship’.
Pattern:
Hyponym + is-a/an + Hypernym

Example 1:
Hypernym: game
Hyponym: cricket, football, hockey

Cricket is a game.
Football is a game.
Hockey is a game.

Example 2:
Hypernym: bird
Hyponym: eagle, peacock, sparrow

Eagle is a bird.
Peacock is a bird.
Sparrow is a bird.


Hypernyms and Hyponyms -- A

Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A1 --
Hypernym -- acid
Hyponyms -- amino acid / ascetic acid / ascorbic acid / boric acid / carbonic acid / citric acid / hydrochloric acid / hydrofluoric acid / lactic acid / nitric acid / nucleic acid / oxalic acid / phosphoric acid / sulfuric (sulphuric) acid


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A2 --
Hypernym -- account
Hyponyms -- budget account / checking account / current account / deposit account / savings account


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A3 --
Hypernym -- affix
Hyponyms -- prefix / suffix


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A4 --
Hypernym -- African
Hyponyms -- Algerian / Congolese / Egyptian / Kenyan / Liberian / Libyan / Moroccan / Senegalese / Sudanese / Ugandan


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A5 --
Hypernym -- algae
Hyponyms -- anabaena / cowstail / cuvie / dabbylocks / featherweed / flans / grapestone / gulf weed / honeyware / laver / liadhaig / murlins / nostoc / pod weed / pompon / oscillatoria / rockweed / seaweed / thong weed / watersilk


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A6 --
Hypernym -- age [a particular period of history
Hyponyms -- bronze age / iron age / new age / stone age


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A7 --
Hypernym -- agent
Hyponyms -- double agent / estate agent / land agent / press agent / secret agent / special agent / travel agent


Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A08 --
Hypernym -- alloy
Hyponyms -- amalgam / billon / brass / bronze / iron / magnalium / megallium / nichrome / scandium / solder / steel / stellite

Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A09 --
Hypernym -- amphibian
Hyponyms -- frog / salamander / toad

Hypernym / Hyponym -- Example A10 --
Hypernym -- angle
Hyponyms -- acute angle / adjacent angle / exterior angle / interior angle / obtuse angle / reflex angle / right angle
500 Words and Their Synonyms

Synonym is a word that has the same or nearly the same meaning as another word.

Sample This:

English Synonyms – A

001. ABET -- (meaning) to encourage somebody to do something illegal
Synonyms for ‘Abet’ --
incite / instigate / provoke

******

002. ABEYANCE -- (meaning) being stopped for a period of time
Synonyms for ‘Abeyance’ --
dormancy / intermission / suspension

******

003. ABILITY -- (meaning) the fact that somebody is able to do something
Synonyms for ‘Ability’ --
aptitude / capability / competence / knack / potential / proficiency / skill / talent

******

004. ABLAZE -- (meaning) burning; on fire
Synonyms for ‘Ablaze’ --
aflame / afire / alight

******

005. ABRASIVE -- (meaning) not smooth
Synonyms for ‘Abrasive’ --
coarse / harsh / rough

******

006. ABSENCE -- (meaning) not available, present, etc.
Synonyms for ‘Absence’ --
nonexistence / nonappearance / nonattendance

******

007. ABSTRUSE -- (meaning) difficult to understand
Synonyms for ‘Abstruse’ --
arcane / complicated / convoluted / esoteric / garbled / inarticulate / incoherent / incomprehensible / indecipherable / inexplicable / intricate / obscure / rarefied / recondite / unfathomable / unintelligible / unplumbed

******

008. ABUSE -- (meaning) unfair or cruel treatment
Synonyms for ‘Abuse’ --
brutality / cruelty / exploitation / ill-treatment / maltreatment / mistreatment / misuse / spitefulness / viciousness

******

009. ABYSS -- (meaning) a very deep crack in the ground
Synonyms for ‘Abyss’ --
chasm / gulf

******

010. ACCEDE -- (meaning) to agree to a demand, request, proposal, etc.
Synonyms for ‘Accede’ --
acquiesce / approve / assent / commend / comply / endorse / grant / permission / ratify / sanction

******

011. ACCENTUATE -- (meaning) to make something more noticeable
Synonyms for ‘Accentuate’ --
emphasize / highlight / underline / underscore

******

012. ACCLIMATIZE -- (meaning) to get used to new situation
Synonyms for ‘Acclimatize’ --
adapt / adjust

******

013. ACCOMPLISH -- (meaning) to succeed in getting something
Synonyms for ‘Accomplish’ --
attain / conquer / manage

******

014. ACCOST -- (meaning) to come near to somebody/something
Synonyms for ‘Accost’ --
advance / approach / confront

******

015. ACCREDITED -- (meaning) officially recognized
Synonyms for ‘Accredited’ --
certified / endorsed / licensed

******

016. ACCRUAL -- (meaning) increase in something over a period of time
Synonyms for ‘Accrual’ --
accretion / addition / amassing / buildup / gathering

******

017. ACCUSE -- (meaning) to say somebody is guilty of something
Synonyms for ‘Accuse’ --
arraign / blame / charge / impeach / indict / prosecute

******

018. ACQUIT -- (meaning) to say officially that somebody is not guilty for a crime
Synonyms for ‘Acquit’ --
absolve / exculpate / exonerate

******

019. ADMIRATION -- (meaning) praise or approval
Synonyms for ‘Admiration’ --
acclaim / accolade / applause / approbation / commendation / ovation

******

020. ADMIRING -- (meaning) behavior that shows that you respect somebody/something
Synonyms for ‘Admiring’ --
chivalrous / considerate / courteous / deferential / gracious / respectful / reverent / reverential

******

021. ADROIT -- (meaning) skillful and accurate
Synonyms for ‘Adroit’ --
agile / deft / dexterous / natty / nifty / nimble / swift

******

022. ALARMING -- (meaning) causing feeling of fear and worry
Synonyms for ‘Alarming’ --
baffling / bewildering / confounding / disconcerting / disquieting / distressing / perplexing / puzzling / tormenting / upsetting / worrying

******
This Book Covers The Following Topics:

A Big Myth
List of Prepositions
Ending a sentence with a preposition – About, Against, At, By, For, From, In, Into, Of, On, Out, To, Upon, With - Example Sentences
When to End a Sentence with a Preposition
Situation – 01 - Interrogative Sentences
Situation – 02 - Passive Voice Sentences
Situation – 03 - Infinitive Structures
Situation – 04 - Relative Clauses
Situation – 05 - Phrasal Verbs
How to Avoid Ending a Sentence with a Preposition
Option – 01 - Restructuring the Sentence
Option – 02 - Using a Different Word
Avoid Unnecessary Use of Prepositions
Additional Examples
Exercises: 1(A) and 1(B)
Exercises: 2(A) and 2(B)

Sample This:

A Big Myth

It is said we should avoid ending a sentence with a preposition. A preposition should be placed before a noun or a pronoun. The word preposition expresses “position before” so it is improper to place a preposition at the end! This is, however, not a rule. You can use a preposition to end a sentence with.

Here, you will learn when you can use a preposition at the end of a sentence and how you can avoid using a preposition at the end of a sentence.

As there is no hard and fast rule regarding use of a preposition at the end of a sentence, so whether you use it or not at the end of a sentence, it is your choice. But as most people avoid ‘excessive’ use of prepositions at the end of sentences, you can follow suit, and may use them only when they give strength to your language.

Some words (on, off, over, etc.) may be used as both prepositions and adverbs. However, everyone can’t easily differentiate between preposition and adverb. So, whenever they see these words at the end of sentences, they think that they are prepositions. As most of the people are averse to the idea of using prepositions at the end of sentences, they even don’t use these words as adverbs at the end of sentences.

Actually, it is a myth that you shouldn’t use preposition at the end of a sentence. Using a preposition at the end of a sentence is not grammatically incorrect. You can end your sentences with prepositions. Sometimes, using preposition at the end of a sentence seems better than using it in the middle or beginning of a sentence.



Ending a Sentence with a Preposition - ABOUT
An ad agency's job is to take a brand to consumers and communicate the proposition well to them, so that they understand what the brand is all about.
Could you tell me what he was on about?
For last 5 years, he has been part of the corruption in our country that we are angry about.
Governor said even clerical staff could easily address some of the complaints that students were approaching him about.
He warned her against commenting on things he is not authorized to speak about.
Her success is all everybody in the town is talking about.
How did the company come about?
How did this all come about?
I decided to leave my career, and concentrate my energies in an area which I was passionate about.
I do not know which video you are talking about.
Intimate details of his life have been flung about.
There are many healthcare centers worth talking about.
This is the player I told you about.
This is what the fight is about.
What are all these girls doing about?
What are you getting upset about?
What are you thinking about?
What did you want to read about?
What do they want to talk about?
THIS BOOK CONTAINS MEANINGS OF MORE THAN 3400 ADVANCED ENGLISH WORDS (including phrasal verbs and idioms).

Learn Difficult English Words & Their Meanings

Sample This:

("sb" implies somebody, "sth" implies something)

abate to become, or make sth less strong
abed in bed
aberrant not socially acceptable
abet to help, or encourage sb to do sth wrong
in abeyance not being used for a period of time
ablutions act of washing yourself
aboard on a ship, plane, bus etc.
abode where sb lives
abolition ending of sth
abominate to feel hatred, or disgust
abomination extremely unpleasant, disgusting
abortive unsuccessful
above board legal and honest; in a legal and honest way
abridge to make book, etc. shorter
absent minded forgetful
abstainer who chooses not to vote, who never drinks alcohol
abstruse difficult to understand
abundant plentiful
abysmal extremely bad
abyss deep wide space, or hole that seems to have no bottom
accede to agree, to become king, or queen
accommodating willing to help, obliging
accomplish to achieve sth
in accord with sb/sth in agreement with
accord with sth to agree with sth
accountable responsible
accoutrements pieces of equipment for a particular activity
accredited officially recognized
accrue to increase over a period of time
accursed suffering from a curse, or black magic
ace person who is very good at doing sth
Achilles heel weak point in sb's character attacked by other people
acme peak
acquaintance with sb slight friendship
make sb's acquaintance to meet sb first time
acquiesce to accept sth, even if you do not agree
acrimonious bitter
acrobat rope dancer
acronym a word formed using initial letters of other words
act up to behave badly
acumen ability to understand and decide things quickly
ad hominem against person's character
ad nauseam again and again in boring and annoying way
Adam's apple lump at the front of the throat
adamantine very strong and impossible to break
add up to seem reasonable
add-on a thing that is added to sth else
adieu goodbye
ad-infinitum for ever
adjourn to postpone
adjudicate to make official decision
adjure to order sb to do sth
Adonis extremely attractive young man
adorable attractive
adoration great love, or worship
adore to love very much, to like very much
adrenalin hormone produced in the body due to excitement, fear, or anger
adulation excessive praise
the advent of sb/sth coming of invention, etc.
adventitious happening by accident; not planned
advisable sensible
advise sb of sth to inform
advisory official warning
aeon thousands of years
aerodrome small airport
aesthete who love art and beautiful things
affaire love affair
affectation behaviour, action to impress other people
affectionate loving
affections person's feelings of love
affective connected with emotions, attitudes
affliction pain and suffering, or sth that causes it
afforestation process of planting areas of land with trees
aficionado who likes a particular subject, etc. very much and knows a lot about it
afloat floating on water
afoot being planned
afore mentioned mentioned earlier
aftermath situation existing after a war, an accident, etc.
her mouth was agape wide open, because of surprise or shock
come of age to become mature
age of consent legal age to have sex
aggrandizement increase in the power, or importance of a person, or country
aggravate to worsen
agonize over sth to spend a long time thinking and worrying about sth
agreeable pleasant and easy to like
aggrieved feeling that you have been treated unfairly
aghast horrified
ahead of earlier than
agog excited
What are “Holonyms and Meronyms”?

HOLONYMS ----
[Holo- Whole; -Onym: Name]
Holonym is a word that denotes a thing that is complete in itself and whose part, member or substance is represented by another word.
Holonym [singular] | Holonyms [plural]
Example: ‘Bird’ is a holonym of ‘Feather’.

Derived terms related to ‘Holonyms’:
Holonymous
Words that are Holonyms are said to be Holonymous.
Holonymy
The state of being a Holonym is called Holonymy.

MERONYMS ----
[Mero- Part; -Onym: Name]
Meronym is a word that denotes a constituent part, member or substance of something that is complete in itself.
Meronym [singular] | Meronyms [plural]
Example: ‘Feather’ is a meronym of ‘Bird’.

Derived terms related to ‘Meronyms’:
Meronymous
Words that are Meronyms are said to be Meronymous.
Meronymy
The state of being a Meronym is called Meronymy.


Holonyms and Meronyms -- A

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A1 --
Holonym -- air-conditioner
Meronyms -- blower / compressor / condenser coil / control panel / cooling coil / evaporator coil / expansion valve / fan / motor / temperature sensing bulb / thermostat

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A2 --
Holonym -- airplane (aeroplane)
Meronyms -- aileron / altimeter / black box / cabin / cargo / cockpit / cowling / elevator / fin / flap / flight deck / fuselage / galley / hatch / jet engine / leading edge / nose / propeller / rudder / seat / slat / tail / trailing edge / undercarriage / wing

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A3 --
Holonym -- airport
Meronyms -- airplane / airstrip / air terminal / control tower / hangar / lounge / taxiway / terminal

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A4 --
Holonym -- algae
Meronyms -- cell membrane / cell wall / chloroplast / cytoplasm / flagellum / nucleolus / nucleus / starch vacuole

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A5 --
Holonym -- atom
Meronyms -- electron / neutron / proton

Other Examples:
Holonym / Meronym -- Example A6 –
‘abacus’ is the holonym of ‘wire’
wire’ is a meronym of ‘abacus’

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A7 –
‘album’ is the holonym of ‘photograph’
‘photograph’ is a meronym of ‘album’

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A8 --
‘asparagus’ is the holonym of ‘spear’
‘spear’ is a meronym of ‘asparagus’

Holonym / Meronym -- Example A9 --
‘atmosphere’ is the holonym of ‘stratosphere’
‘stratosphere’ is a meronym of ‘atmosphere’
©2019 GoogleSite Terms of ServicePrivacyDevelopersArtistsAbout Google|Location: United StatesLanguage: English (United States)
By purchasing this item, you are transacting with Google Payments and agreeing to the Google Payments Terms of Service and Privacy Notice.