Regular and Irregular Verbs: English Verb Forms

Manik Joshi
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More than 2500 Regular and 275 Irregular Verbs in English

This Book Covers the Following Topics:
01. Regular Verbs
01A. Regular Verbs -- Pattern - 1
01B. Regular Verbs -- Pattern - 2
01C. Regular Verbs -- Pattern - 3
01D. Regular Verbs -- Pattern - 4
02. Irregular Verbs
02A. Irregular Verbs -- Pattern - 1
02B. Irregular Verbs -- Pattern - 2
02C. Irregular Verbs -- Pattern - 3
02D. Irregular Verbs -- Important Notes

Sample This:

01. Regular Verbs

Regular verbs form their past tense and past participle by adding “-ed” in base (simple present) form. Patterns for making past tense and past participle of a regular Verb are as follows:

A: Base form (simple present) doesn’t end in “e”. We add “-ed” in base form to make the past tense and past participle.
Example: abandon -- abandoned -- abandoned

B: Base form (simple present) ends in “e”. We add “-d” in base form to make the past tense and past participle.
Example: abase -- abased -- abased

C: We repeat the last letter of the base form (simple present) in the past tense and past participle before adding “-ed”.
Example: rag -- ragged -- ragged

D: Base form (simple present) ends in “y” (and there is consonant before “y”). We replace “y” with “i” in the past tense and past participle before adding “-ed”.
Example: accompany -- accompanied -- accompanied

01A. Regular Verbs -- Pattern - 1

Base form (simple present) doesn’t end in “e”. We add “-ed” in base form to make the past tense and past participle.

001. abandon -- abandoned -- abandoned
002. abolish -- abolished -- abolished
003. abscond -- absconded -- absconded
004. abseil -- abseiled -- abseiled
005. absorb -- absorbed -- absorbed
006. abstain -- abstained -- abstained
007. accept -- accepted -- accepted
008. acclaim -- acclaimed -- acclaimed
009. accord -- accorded -- accorded
010. accost -- accosted -- accosted
011. account -- accounted -- accounted
012. accredit -- accredited -- accredited
013. act -- acted -- acted
014. adapt -- adapted -- adapted
015. add -- added -- added
016. address -- addressed -- addressed
017. adjust -- adjusted -- adjusted
018. admonish -- admonished -- admonished
019. adopt -- adopted -- adopted
020. adorn -- adorned -- adorned
021. afflict -- afflicted -- afflicted
022. affront -- affronted -- affronted
023. ail -- ailed -- ailed
024. alight -- alighted -- alighted
025. allay -- allayed -- allayed
026. annex -- annexed -- annexed
027. annoy -- annoyed -- annoyed
028. anoint -- anointed -- anointed
029. answer -- answered -- answered
030. appeal -- appealed -- appealed
031. appear -- appeared -- appeared
032. append -- appended -- appended
033. applaud -- applauded -- applauded
034. appoint -- appointed -- appointed
035. apportion -- apportioned -- apportioned
036. approach -- approached -- approached
037. arraign -- arraigned -- arraigned
038. arrest -- arrested -- arrested
039. ascend -- ascended -- ascended
040. ask -- asked -- asked
041. assail -- assailed -- assailed
042. assault -- assaulted -- assaulted
043. assent -- assented -- assented
044. assign -- assigned -- assigned
045. assist -- assisted -- assisted
046. astonish -- astonished -- astonished
047. astound -- astounded -- astounded
048. attach -- attached -- attached
049. attack -- attacked -- attacked
050. attempt -- attempted -- attempted
051. attend -- attended -- attended
052. attract -- attracted -- attracted
053. augment -- augmented -- augmented
054. augur -- augured -- augured
055. avert -- averted -- averted
056. avoid -- avoided -- avoided
057. avow -- avowed -- avowed
058. award -- awarded -- awarded
059. badger -- badgered -- badgered
060. bait -- baited -- baited
061. banish -- banished -- banished
062. bankroll -- bankrolled -- bankrolled
063. banter -- bantered -- bantered
064. barrack -- barracked -- barracked
065. barter -- bartered -- bartered
066. bash -- bashed -- bashed
067. batter -- battered -- battered
068. baulk -- baulked -- baulked
069. bawl -- bawled -- bawled
070. beckon -- beckoned -- beckoned
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About the author

Manik Joshi was born on Jan 26, 1979 at Ranikhet and is permanent resident of Haldwani, Kumaon zone of India. He is an Internet Marketer by profession. He is interested in domaining (business of buying and selling domain names), web designing (creating websites), and various online jobs (including 'self book publishing'). He is science graduate with ZBC (zoology, botany, and chemistry) subjects. He is also an MBA (with specialization in marketing). He has done three diploma courses in computer too.

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Additional Information

Manik Joshi
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Published on
Oct 14, 2016
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Language Arts & Disciplines / Public Speaking
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This Book Covers The Following Topics:

2. Meanings of Main Verb ‘GET’
3A. Get + Third Form of Verb
3B. Have/Has + Got + Third Form of Verb
3C. Got + Third Form of Verb
3D. Had + Got + Third Form of Verb
3E. Will + Get + Third Form of Verb
3F. Will + Have + Got + Third Form of Verb
3G. Modal Verbs + Get + Third Form of Verb
3H. Getting + Third Form of Verb
3I. Verb + To + Get + Third Form of Verb
4A. Get To + First Form of Verb
4B. Got To + First Form of Verb
4C. Will + Get To + First Form of Verb
7. ‘GET’ + USED TO
8. Use of ‘Get’ In Causative Sentences
9. English Idioms With ‘Get’
10. Phrasal Verbs With ‘Get’
11. Other Sentences With ‘Get’
12. Conjugation of Verb ‘Get’
Exercises: 1(A) and 1(B)
Exercises: 2(A) and 2(B)
Exercises: 3(A) and 3(B)

Sample This:


Get is an irregular verb. Its three forms are as follows:

First Form (Base Form) -- GET
Second Form (Past Form) -- GOT
Third Form (Past Participle) -- GOT/GOTTEN

Present Perfect of ‘Get’ – Have/Has Got || Have/Has Gotten
Past Perfect of ‘Get’ -- Had Got || Had Gotten

Gotten (past participle form of ‘get’) is generally used in Spoken American English. Gotten is incorrect in British English.

-ING Form of ‘Get’ -- Getting
Infinitive of ‘Get’ -- To Get

“Have/has got” is the ‘Present Perfect’ Form of ‘get’. But it is mainly used in the present indefinite (simple) tense. “Have/has got” is generally used with ‘simple present meaning’ to show characteristics, ownership, illnesses, and relationships.
‘Have got’ and ‘has got’ have the same meaning as ‘have’ and ‘has’ respectively. They can be used as present indefinite (simple) tenses.

Affirmative Sentences --
They have got computers. = They have computers.
He has got a computer. = He has a computer.

Negative Sentences --
They have not got computers. = They do not have computers.
He has not got a computer. = He does not have a computer.
Note:- Negative form of ‘have/has got’ is made by adding ‘not’ between ‘have/has’ and ‘got’; whereas, negative form of ‘have/has’ is made by using ‘do/does not’.

Interrogative Sentences --
Have they got computers? = Do they have computers?
Has he got a computer? = Does he have a computer?
Note:- Interrogative pattern of ‘have/has got’ is made by putting auxiliary verb ‘have/has’ before the subject; whereas Interrogative pattern of ‘have/has’ is made by putting auxiliary verb ‘Do/Does’ before the subject.

However, in past events you should prefer using ‘had’ instead of ‘had got’ ’ to show characteristics, ownership, illnesses, and relationships.
More Common -- They had computers. They did not have computers. Did they have computers?
Less Common -- They had got computers. They had not got computers. Had they got computers?

Also Note: Use of ‘have got’ and ‘has got’ in present perfect tenses:
Pattern: Have/has got + past participle of verb
A project has got stuck. || Many projects have got stuck.

And, in past perfect tenses you should use ‘had got’.
A project had got stuck. || Many projects had got stuck.

GOTTA - Very informal and non-standard way of referring to ‘have got to’ or ‘have got a’ in writing. This form is grammatically incorrect. Avoid using writing this form.

English Verb ‘Get’ can be used in a number of patterns and has lots of different uses and meanings.--
A. “Get” is used as a main verb with many different meanings.
B. “Get” is used in several idioms.
C. “Get” is used in several phrasal verbs.

Meanings of Main Verb ‘GET’

to receive / to obtain or acquire (to gain, attain, achieve something) / to bring / to receive prison term / to receive broadcasts / to buy something / to earn / to receive marks or grade in an exam / to become affected by (a disease or bodily condition) / to be infected with an illness, etc. / to start doing something / to arrive/come/reach / to move to a particular direction or place / to use transport (to catch) / to answer (receive) the phone call / to capture somebody / to understand / to have / to memorize / to find out by calculation / to deliver / to prepare a meal, etc.

We get assurance every time, but nothing has materialized.
I got the medal and the money.
I got an appointment letter today.
Flood-affected families got compensation.
We got some high-resolution images.
The Art of Public Speaking is a fantastic introduction to public speaking by the master of the art, Dale Carnegie. Public speaking is the process of speaking to a group of people in a structured, deliberate manner intended to inform, influence, or entertain the listeners. It is closely allied to "presenting", although the latter has more of a commercial connotation.

In public speaking, as in any form of communication, there are five basic elements, often expressed as "who is saying what to whom using what medium with what effects?" The purpose of public speaking can range from simply transmitting information, to motivating people to act, to simply telling a story. Good orators should be able to change the emotions of their listeners, not just inform them. Public speaking can also be considered a discourse community. Interpersonal communication and public speaking have several components that embrace such things as motivational speaking, leadership/personal development, business, customer service, large group communication, and mass communication. Public speaking can be a powerful tool to use for purposes such as motivation, influence, persuasion, informing, translation, or simply entertaining. A confident speaker is more likely to use this as excitement and create effective speech thus increasing their overall ethos.

Dale Breckenridge Carnegie (originally Carnagey until 1922 and possibly somewhat later) (November 24, 1888 – November 1, 1955) was an American writer, lecturer, and the developer of famous courses in self-improvement, salesmanship, corporate training, public speaking, and interpersonal skills. Born in poverty on a farm in Missouri, he was the author of How to Win Friends and Influence People (1936), a massive bestseller that remains popular today. He also wrote How to Stop Worrying and Start Living (1948), Lincoln the Unknown (1932), and several other books.

Perhaps one of Carnegie’s most successful marketing moves was to change the spelling of his last name from “Carnagey” to Carnegie, at a time when Andrew Carnegie (unrelated) was a widely revered and recognized name. By 1916, Dale was able to rent Carnegie Hall itself for a lecture to a packed house. Carnegie's first collection of his writings was Public Speaking: a Practical Course for Business Men (1926), later entitled Public Speaking and Influencing Men in Business (1932). His crowning achievement, however, was when Simon & Schuster published How to Win Friends and Influence People. The book was a bestseller from its debut in 1936, in its 17th printing within a few months. By the time of Carnegie's death, the book had sold five million copies in 31 languages, and there had been 450,000 graduates of his Dale Carnegie Institute. It has been stated in the book that he had critiqued over 150,000 speeches in his participation in the adult education movement of the time. During World War I he served in the U.S. Army.

One of the core ideas in his books is that it is possible to change other people's behavior by changing one's reaction to them.
500 Words and Their Synonyms

Synonym is a word that has the same or nearly the same meaning as another word.

Sample This:

English Synonyms – A

001. ABET -- (meaning) to encourage somebody to do something illegal
Synonyms for ‘Abet’ --
incite / instigate / provoke


002. ABEYANCE -- (meaning) being stopped for a period of time
Synonyms for ‘Abeyance’ --
dormancy / intermission / suspension


003. ABILITY -- (meaning) the fact that somebody is able to do something
Synonyms for ‘Ability’ --
aptitude / capability / competence / knack / potential / proficiency / skill / talent


004. ABLAZE -- (meaning) burning; on fire
Synonyms for ‘Ablaze’ --
aflame / afire / alight


005. ABRASIVE -- (meaning) not smooth
Synonyms for ‘Abrasive’ --
coarse / harsh / rough


006. ABSENCE -- (meaning) not available, present, etc.
Synonyms for ‘Absence’ --
nonexistence / nonappearance / nonattendance


007. ABSTRUSE -- (meaning) difficult to understand
Synonyms for ‘Abstruse’ --
arcane / complicated / convoluted / esoteric / garbled / inarticulate / incoherent / incomprehensible / indecipherable / inexplicable / intricate / obscure / rarefied / recondite / unfathomable / unintelligible / unplumbed


008. ABUSE -- (meaning) unfair or cruel treatment
Synonyms for ‘Abuse’ --
brutality / cruelty / exploitation / ill-treatment / maltreatment / mistreatment / misuse / spitefulness / viciousness


009. ABYSS -- (meaning) a very deep crack in the ground
Synonyms for ‘Abyss’ --
chasm / gulf


010. ACCEDE -- (meaning) to agree to a demand, request, proposal, etc.
Synonyms for ‘Accede’ --
acquiesce / approve / assent / commend / comply / endorse / grant / permission / ratify / sanction


011. ACCENTUATE -- (meaning) to make something more noticeable
Synonyms for ‘Accentuate’ --
emphasize / highlight / underline / underscore


012. ACCLIMATIZE -- (meaning) to get used to new situation
Synonyms for ‘Acclimatize’ --
adapt / adjust


013. ACCOMPLISH -- (meaning) to succeed in getting something
Synonyms for ‘Accomplish’ --
attain / conquer / manage


014. ACCOST -- (meaning) to come near to somebody/something
Synonyms for ‘Accost’ --
advance / approach / confront


015. ACCREDITED -- (meaning) officially recognized
Synonyms for ‘Accredited’ --
certified / endorsed / licensed


016. ACCRUAL -- (meaning) increase in something over a period of time
Synonyms for ‘Accrual’ --
accretion / addition / amassing / buildup / gathering


017. ACCUSE -- (meaning) to say somebody is guilty of something
Synonyms for ‘Accuse’ --
arraign / blame / charge / impeach / indict / prosecute


018. ACQUIT -- (meaning) to say officially that somebody is not guilty for a crime
Synonyms for ‘Acquit’ --
absolve / exculpate / exonerate


019. ADMIRATION -- (meaning) praise or approval
Synonyms for ‘Admiration’ --
acclaim / accolade / applause / approbation / commendation / ovation


020. ADMIRING -- (meaning) behavior that shows that you respect somebody/something
Synonyms for ‘Admiring’ --
chivalrous / considerate / courteous / deferential / gracious / respectful / reverent / reverential


021. ADROIT -- (meaning) skillful and accurate
Synonyms for ‘Adroit’ --
agile / deft / dexterous / natty / nifty / nimble / swift


022. ALARMING -- (meaning) causing feeling of fear and worry
Synonyms for ‘Alarming’ --
baffling / bewildering / confounding / disconcerting / disquieting / distressing / perplexing / puzzling / tormenting / upsetting / worrying

This Book Covers The Following Topics:

Verb ‘To Be’
Verb ‘To Be’ -- Negative Patterns
Verb ‘To Be’ -- Interrogative Patterns
1A. English Grammar – ‘Am’
1B. AM + -ING Form of Verb
1C. AM + Being + Past Participle
1D. AM + Past Participle
2A. English Grammar – ‘Is’
2B. IS + -ING Form of Verb
2C. IS + Being + Past Participle
2D. IS + Past Participle
3A. English Grammar – ‘Are’
3B. ARE + -ING Form of Verb
3C. ARE + Being + Past Participle
3D. ARE + Past Participle
4A. English Grammar – ‘Was’
4B. WAS + -ING Form of Verb
4C. WAS + Being + Past Participle
4D. WAS + Past Participle
5A. English Grammar – ‘Were’
5B. WERE + -ING Form of Verb
5C. WERE + Being + Past Participle
5D. WERE + Past Participle
Useful Notes
(1): Question Tags
(2): Short Answers (Ellipsis]
(3): Addition to Remarks
(4): There Is/Was and There Are/Were
(5): Subjunctive Mood – ‘Were’
(6): Be + Going To + Verb Word
(7): ‘Used to’ Vs. ‘Be + Used to’
(8): Be + To + Verb Word
(9): Be + ‘Being”+ Adjective
(10): Mixed Sentences
Exercises: 1(A) and 1(B)
Exercises: 2(A) to 2(E)

Sample This:

Verb ‘To Be’

The Verb ‘to be’ is used to represent the following English verbs:
‘Am’, ‘Is’, ‘Are’, ‘Was’, ‘Were’
The verb ‘to be’ is used as both linking verb and auxiliary verb.

A verb that connects a subject with the complement (adjective or noun) that describes it.
Example: He is an engineer. [In this sentence, subject (he) and noun (engineer) is connected by linking verb ‘is’. There is no main verb in this sentence.]
Some more examples:
I am happy. [linking verb – am]
Is he good boy? [linking verb – is]
We are very proud of ourselves. [linking verb – are]
She was intelligent. [linking verb – was]
They were not late by half an hour. [linking verb – were]

A verb which is used with main verb to show tenses, etc.
Example: He is going to office. [In this sentence, -ing form of main verb ‘go’ has been used with auxiliary verb ‘is’.
Some more examples:
I am studying a book. [auxiliary verb – am | main verb – study (-ing form)]
He is working on his project [auxiliary verb – is | main verb – work (-ing form)]
We are not expected to tell the secret. [auxiliary verb – are | main verb – expect (past participle form)]
She was taught by me. [auxiliary verb – was | main verb – teach (past participle form)]
Were they burdened by high taxation [auxiliary verb – were | main verb – burden (past participle form)]


‘AM’ –
Singular Verb
Used In Present Tense
Used with Subject ‘I’

‘IS’ –
Singular Verb
Used In Present Tense
Used with Subject ‘He’ ‘She’, ‘It’ and other Singular Subjects

‘ARE’ –
Plural Verb
Used In Present Tense
Used with Subject ‘We’, ‘You’, ‘They’ and other Plural Subjects

‘WAS’ –
Singular Verb
Used In Past Tense
Used with Subject ‘I’, ‘He’, She’, ‘It’ and other Singular Subjects

‘WERE’ –
Plural Verb
Used In Past Tense
Used with Subject ‘We’, ‘You’ and other Plural Subjects
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