The present work offers the first translation into Portuguese of the oldest Greek gastronomic text that has come down to us, albeit only in fragmentary form. The poem written by the Sicilian author Archestratus (4th century BC) is an account of the sophisticated food eaten by the aristocratic elites with enough economic power to buy the most expensive ingredients (such as high quality fresh fish) and to undertake the gastronomic tours implied in the text. In chapter I, a survey is offered of the biographical data pertaining to the author and of the transmission and reception of his work up to the present day. This is followed by the translation of the 60 fragments (chapter II), with notes and photographs that illustrate some of the dishes. In chapter III, a detailed analysis is offered of the poem’s contribution to the historical study of food in ancient Greece. Here, “Archestratus’ cuisine” is considered from five perspectives: produce, culinary methods, utensils, furniture and production agents. Attention may be drawn to the use of maps showing the whereabouts of ingredients used in the confection of the recipes present in the work and a detailed study of the terminology used in the poet’s kitchen. Extra features in the book are appendices with some of the recipes, updated according to modern standards; bibliography (editions and secondary literature); and indices of the food-orientated fauna and flora mentioned (in Portuguese, with Latin scientific name and Greek term).
Carmen Soares é Professora Associada com agregação da Universidade de Coimbra (Faculdade de Letras). Tem desenvolvido a sua investigação, ensino e publicações nas áreas das Culturas, Literaturas e Línguas Clássicas, da História da Grécia Antiga e da História da Alimentação. Na qualidade de tradutora do grego antigo para português é coautora da tradução dos livros V e VIII de Heródoto e autora da tradução do Ciclope de Eurípides, do Político de Platão e de Sobre o afecto aos filhos de Plutarco. Tem ainda publicado fragmentos vários de textos gregos antigos de temática gastronómica (em particular Arquéstrato). É coordenadora executiva do curso de mestrado em “Alimentação – Fontes, Cultura e Sociedade” e diretora do doutoramento em Patrimónios Alimentares: Culturas e Identidades. Investigadora corresponsável do projeto DIAITA-Património Alimentar da Lusofonia (apoiado pela FCT, Capes e Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian).
Carmen Soares is Associate Professor of the University of Coimbra (Faculty of Letters) and member of the Centre of Classics and Humanistic Studies of the same university. Teaching activities, research interests and publications: Classics, Ancient Greek History and Food History. Author of several books and papers and translator into Portuguese of Herodotus’ Histories (books V and VIII), Euripides (Cyclops), Plato (Statesman) and Plutarch (On Affection for Offspring).