Sovereign wealth funds or their equivalent pose profound issues for the countries that own them with respect to macroeconomic policy and the potential for corruption. They also raise issues for countries that receive SWF investments as well as for the international financial system as a whole because government ownership introduces potential political and economic power issues into the management of these cross-border assets. This study traces the origins of SWFs. It describes the issues raised by these large governmental holdings of cross-border assets for the countries that own them, for the host countries, and for the international financial system. The study lays out what is known about the 50-plus SWFs of various countries. Some countries have more than one such entity, and a sample of government-managed pension funds is included in this analysis because they raise most of the same basic policy issues.
Using publicly available information that is provided on a systematic basis, the author has previously developed a "scoreboard" for these funds involving a number of elements grouped in four categories: structure, governance, transparency and accountability, and behavioral rules. The 2008 edition contributed to the development of a set of generally accepted principles and practices, the Santiago Principles, for SWFs by the International Working Group operating under the auspices of the International Monetary Fund. This publication presents an updated scoreboard for an expanded list of funds, evaluates the Santiago Principles, and examines current compliance with those principles. The study also examines the policies of recipient countries and the role of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) investment codes. Finally, the study discusses the evolving role of SWFs in the context of the global economic and financial crisis and its aftermath and will make recommendations for the policies of countries both managing such funds and those that expect to receive investments from them in the future.
Sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) aren't new, but they are often misunderstood. As they've attracted more attention over the last decade and grown greatly in size, the need for a new and thorough resource on SWFs has never been greater. These funds will only grow more important over the coming years. In this book, expert authors who work in the industry present a comprehensive look at SWFs from the perspective of western investors.
The book discusses how most Gulf sovereign wealth funds were established under colonial rule, and have operated in the global financial system for many decades. With the increase of oil revenues, it goes on to look at how the funds have broadened their asset classes and their institutional development. Debate over the transparency of sovereign wealth funds has highlighted various global practices. Recently, organisational measures have been introduced for calculating possible risks from non-commercial investment incentives of funds, whose politically-driven investment strategies are viewed as potentially a major threat to the national security of their host countries.
Highlighting a number of incidents that triggered the transparency debate, the book scrutinises the reaction of some of the Gulf sovereign wealth funds to these recent regulatory codes and strategies. It is a useful contribution to Development, Political Economy and Middle East Studies.
Edited by a Nobel Laureate, a respected academic at the Columbia Business School, and a longtime international banker and asset manager, this volume explores the specificities of SWFs in greater detail and discusses the implications of their growing presence for the world economy. Based on debates held at a major conference on SWFs held at Columbia University in October 2010, this volume discusses the objectives and performance of SWFs as well as their benchmarks and governance. What are the opportunities for SWFs as long-term investors? How can they maximize their social and environmental impact, while also maximizing profits? And what role can SWFs play in fostering sustainable development and greater global financial stability?
Gulf Arab states are actively pursuing a variety of foreign investment strategies. Some of these investments are being managed by sovereign wealth funds, government investment corporations, and government-controlled companies. This renewed geo-economic status has received a lot of media attention but there has been a dearth of academic study on what this shift in global economic power means for the international economic system.
This volume aims to fill this gap with a rigorous scholarly analysis based on primary sources and raw economic data. It brings together the expertise of academics who have devoted their career to careful study of the region and of renowned scholars of international political economy.
This Element is an excerpt from The Rise of the State: Profitable Investing and Geopolitics in the 21st Century (9780137153879) by Yiannis G. Mostrous, Elliott H. Gue, and David F. Dittman. Available in print and digital formats.
Understand the hidden impact of sovereign wealth funds, so you can ride the waves they’re creating.
During the last decade SWFs (Sovereign Wealth Funds) evolved into critical strategic tools in the Middle East and East Asia. The rising price of crude and insatiable Western demand for cheap imports lifted what had been low-key but significant global financial players into topics for front-page stories. Their rapid proliferation and potential for long-term growth suggest that SWFs are here to stay.
Islamic banks, which are becoming increasingly wealthier, are ever in search of sharia-compliant investments. In order to capitalize on this new development, investing professionals must familiarize themselves with this burgeoning investing method.
Gulf Capital & Islamic Finance introduces bankers, money managers, and investors to the strategic and technical aspects of Islamic finance, covering a broad range of vehicles, including Islamic bonds, Sukuks, ETFs, and takaful (Islamic insurance). In an era of evaporating liquidity and endless adjustments to economic crises, Islamic finance is one of the few areas that continues to grow.
This volume provides an overview of the global regulatory landscape from the perspective of Asian emerging markets. The contributors discuss the many challenges ahead in developing sound and flexible financial regulatory systems for emerging market economies. The challenges are heightened by the rising integration of these economies into global trade and finance, the growing sophistication of their financial systems as globalization and emergence processes accelerate, and their potential vulnerability to instability arising from the financial markets in the advanced economies.
The contributors provide guidance about pitfalls to be avoided, general principles that should guide the creation of sound regulatory systems, and valuable analytic perspectives about how to continue to broaden the financial sector and innovate while still maintaining financial and macroeconomic stability.
Puentes, fronteras y murallas disciplinarias en torno a las orga-ni-za-ciones internacionales explora la posibilidad de tender puentes y abonar a favor de un nuevo entendimiento de las OI desde las relaciones internacionales y la teoría de la organización. Constituye un ejercicio de análisis y trabajo interdisciplinario que señala puntos de encuentro y desencuentro. Al mismo tiempo, reta al lector a acercarse al estudio de las OI desde una frontera disciplinaria mucho más porosa y a veces resistente de lo que se esperaba.