Architecture Principles: The Cornerstones of Enterprise Architecture

Springer Science & Business Media
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Enterprises, from small to large, evolve continuously. As a result, their structures are transformed and extended continuously. Without some means of control, such changes are bound to lead to an overly complex, uncoordinated and heterogeneous environment that is hard to manage and hard to adapt to future changes. Enterprise architecture principles provide a means to direct transformations of enterprises. As a consequence, architecture principles should be seen as the cornerstones of any architecture.

In this book, Greefhorst and Proper focus on the role of architecture principles. They provide both a theoretical and a practical perspective on architecture principles. The theoretical perspective involves a brief survey of the general concept of principle as well as an analysis of different flavors of principles. Architecture principles are regarded as a specific class of normative principles that direct the design of an enterprise, from the definition of its business to its supporting IT. The practical perspective on architecture principles is concerned with an approach to the formulation of architecture principles, as well as their actual use in organizations. To illustrate their use in practice, several real-life cases are discussed, an application of architecture principles in TOGAF is included, and a catalogue of example architecture principles is provided.

With this broad coverage, the authors target students and researchers specializing in enterprise architecture or business information systems, as well as practitioners who want to understand the foundations underlying their practical daily work.

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About the author

Danny Greefhorst is a principal consultant and owner of ArchiXL, and works for clients in the financial and public sector. Danny acts as an IT architect and IT consultant, and is TOGAF 9 certified. He has extensive experience with the definition and implementation of enterprise architectures, application architectures and technical architectures. In addition, he coaches organizations in setting up and executing their architecture function, and is active as an instructor for several classes on architecture. Before starting ArchiXL he worked as a principal consultant at Yellowtail, as a senior IT architect at IBM Business Consulting Services and as a researcher at the Software Engineering Research Centre. Danny is active in the architecture community and regularly publishes on IT and architecture related topics. He is the chairman of the governing board of Via Nova Architectura, a portal and electronic magazine on enterprise architecture. He is also a member of the governing board of the architecture department of the Dutch Computer Science Association (Ngi).

Erik (H.A.) Proper is a senior research manager at the Public Research Centre -- Henri Tudor in Luxembourg, where he leads Services-oriented Enterprise Engineering programme. He also holds a chair in Information Systems at the Radboud University Nijmegen in the Netherlands. Erik has a mixed industrial and academic background. In the past, Erik worked for companies such as Asymetrix, InfoModeller, Origin, ID Research, Ordina and Capgemini, while interleaving this with his work at research institutions such as the Radboud University of Nijmegen, Queensland University of Technology, the Distributed Systems Technology Centre, and the University of Queensland. His general research drive is the modeling of systems. He applies this drive mainly in the fields of service science, enterprise modeling, enterprise engineering and enterprise architecting. He was co-initiator of the ArchiMate project, and currently also serves on the board of the ArchiMate forum of The Open Group. Erik is also one of the editors in chief of Springer's series on enterprise engineering.

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Additional Information

Publisher
Springer Science & Business Media
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Published on
Apr 29, 2011
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Pages
197
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ISBN
9783642202797
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Language
English
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Genres
Business & Economics / Business Mathematics
Business & Economics / General
Business & Economics / Information Management
Computers / Computer Science
Computers / Data Processing
Computers / Information Technology
Computers / Online Services
Computers / Software Development & Engineering / General
Computers / System Administration / Storage & Retrieval
Political Science / Public Affairs & Administration
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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This book is positioned as a rst in a series of books on enterprise architecture needed for a Master of Enterprise Architecture program, and is targeted both at university students and practitioners with a drive to increase their understanding of these elds. As an introductory book, this book aims to explore the concept of enterprise architecture. At rst glance, writing such an introductory book might seem as a straight forward task of setting up a structure and lling in “the blanks. ” However, writing this book turned out to be a pleasant journey of discovery. Based on our past experiences, each of us had a clear understanding of enterprise architecture, based on several years of experience and insight in the eld. However, when we started writing this book, and each of us exposed our individual understandings, it became apparent that our understanding of the eld differed in several ways. This prompted several discussions leading to an abundance of new insights. Without exception, thesediscussionstookplaceina pleasantandopenatmosphere,fueledbyourshared driveforunderstandingandincreasedinsight. Wearenowevenmoreconvincedthan before, that the eld enterprise architecture is a true multi-disciplinary profession. In the resulting book, we would like to share our insights, while also hoping to continue our discussions, now also involving you as a reader. We also realise that the journey is still far from complete. While this introductory book provides an overview of the eld of enterprise architecture from the perspective of our insights, many aspects need further re nement.
An enterprise architecture tries to describe and control an organisation’s structure, processes, applications, systems and techniques in an integrated way. The unambiguous specification and description of components and their relationships in such an architecture requires a coherent architecture modelling language.

Lankhorst and his co-authors present such an enterprise modelling language that captures the complexity of architectural domains and their relations and allows the construction of integrated enterprise architecture models. They provide architects with concrete instruments that improve their architectural practice. As this is not enough, they additionally present techniques and heuristics for communicating with all relevant stakeholders about these architectures. Since an architecture model is useful not only for providing insight into the current or future situation but can also be used to evaluate the transition from ‘as-is’ to ‘to-be’, the authors also describe analysis methods for assessing both the qualitative impact of changes to an architecture and the quantitative aspects of architectures, such as performance and cost issues.

The modelling language presented has been proven in practice in many real-life case studies and has been adopted by The Open Group as an international standard. So this book is an ideal companion for enterprise IT or business architects in industry as well as for computer or management science students studying the field of enterprise architecture.

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