Soft Computing: Methodologies and Applications

Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing

Book 32
Springer Science & Business Media
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The series of Online World Conferences on Soft Computing (WSC) is organized by the World Federation of Soft Computing (WFSC) and has become an established annual event in the academic calendar and was already held for the 8th time in 2003. Starting as a small workshop held at Nagoya University, Japan in 1994 it has - tured to the premier online event on soft computing in industrial applications. It has been hosted by the universities of Granada, Spain, Fraunhofer Gesellschaft, Berlin, Cran?eld University, Helsinki University of Technology and Nagoya University. The goal of WFSC is to promote soft computing across the world, by using the internet as a forum for virtual technical discussion and publishing at no cost to authors and participants. The of?cial journal of the World Federation on Soft Computing is the journal Applied Soft Computing. The 8th WSC Conference (WSC8) took place from September 29th to October 10th, 2003. Registered participants had the opportunity to follow and discuss the online presentations of authors from all over the world. Out of more than 60 subm- sions the program committee had accepted 27 papers for ?nal presentation at WSC8.
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Springer Science & Business Media
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May 21, 2006
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Computers / Information Technology
Computers / Intelligence (AI) & Semantics
Computers / Software Development & Engineering / General
Computers / System Administration / Storage & Retrieval
Mathematics / Applied
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SVMs have emerged as very successful pattern recognition methods in recent years [16]. SVMs have yielded superior performance in various applications such as; text categorization [15], and face detection [12], content-based image retrieval [6], and learning image similarity [4]. The motivation here is detection of suspicious bags in a security situation. The usual method for bomb personnel is to blow up a suspicious bag, and any explosives contained therein. However, if the bag contains chemical, biological or radiological canisters, this may lead to disastrous results. Furthermore, the “bl- up” method also destroys important clues such as fingerprints, type of explosive, detonators and other signatures of importance for forensic analysis. Extraction of the bag contents using telerobotics avoids these problems [8]. In a telerobotic system, it is advantageous to automate bag classification which is coupled to robotic tactics such as shaking out of the bags contents. For cooperative hum- robot interaction, in situations when autonomous capabilities fail, a human may be called in to distinguish the bag type. Here we focus on the autonomous operation of such a telerobotic system. In the autonomous mode, bags are classified by type using SVMs for the purpose of identifying initial manipulator grasp points. One side of the gripper must slide under the bag, and because of slippage, the grasp may fail. Thus, it is of importance to realize the type of bag, and the location of the opening before the grasp point assessment is made.
This volume contains selected papers, presented at the international c- ference on Intelligent Information Processing and Web Mining Conference nd IIS:IIPWM’06, organized in Ustro? (Poland) on June 19-22 , 2006. The event was organized by the Institute of Computer Science of Polish Academy of Sciences, a leading Polish research institution in fundamental and applied research in the area of Arti?cial Intelligence (AI) and of Inf- mation Systems (IS), in cooperation with a number of scienti?c and business institutions. It was a continuation of a series of conferences on these subjects, initiated by Prof. M. D?browski and Dr. M. Michalewicz in 1992. The conference was addressed primarily to those who are active in - ti?cial Immune Systems (AIS) and other biologically motivated methods, Computational Linguistics (CL), Web technologies (WT), and Knowledge Discovery (KD), and all kinds of interactions between those ?elds. Thesubmitted paperscoverednewcomputing paradigms,amongothersin biologically motivated methods, advanced data analysis, new machine lea- ing paradigms, natural language processing, new optimization technologies, applied data mining using statistical and non-standard approaches. The - pers give an overview over a wide range of applications for intelligent systems: in operating systems design, in network security, for information extraction from multimedia (sound, graphics), in ?nancial market analysis, in medicine, in geo-science, etc. Though numerous papers have been submitted, only a fraction of them (about 40%) was accepted for publication in a rigorous reviewing process.
Fads by nature and by definition are hard to capture, yet Hoffmann and Bailey have captured over one hundred of the passing fashion fancies and merchandising miracles during America’s short history in their latest collection of fads, Fashion & Merchandising Fads.Life devoid of fads is impossible to imagine, and the fads that do enter our lives become vehicles for amusement upon retrospection. How long any fad stays in vogue is anybody’s guess, but Hoffmann and Bailey have again found those fads that somehow took root and flourished, if only for a short period of time, in America. Concise entries describe each fad from its beginning to its demise and its devout followers. Readers are sure to recognize many of the trends and fads collected in Fashion & Merchandising Fads. A browse through the contents will have readers smiling as they remember Alex, Stroh’s Beer-Drinking Dog and “Baby On Board” Stickers Barbie Dolls and Celebrity Perfumes Convertibles, Digital Watches, and Drive-In Banking Garfield, G. I. Joe, and Handbags for Men Knickers and Matchbox Cars The Model T and the Mustang Paper Dolls and Rubik’s Cube Silly Putty, the Slinky, and Synthetics in Clothes Top Hats, the Trilby, and Twiggy VCRs, Yuppies, and ZubazEach fad featured in Fashion & Merchandising Fads is examined thoroughly and concisely by the authors. They look at the historical setting, how the trend became popular, and the people most fascinated and involved with the trend. References follow each entry to make further reading on each fad a relatively easy task for those intrigued by fads. As fads enter and encompass society for a period of time, this collection of fads, arranged alphabetically, is sure to captivate readers from beginning to end, or, in a world of fads, from the A-2 Flight Jacket to the Zipper.
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