Chromosomal Translocations and Oncogenic Transcription Factors

Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology

Book 220
Springer Science & Business Media
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Regulation of gene expression at the level of transcription is one of the major determinants of proper cellular proliferation and differentiation. The key players in these processes are sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor proteins which coordinate programs of gene expression in the nucleus. The articles in this volume document the myriad of genetic and biochemical alterations sustained by human proto-oncogenic transcription factors which result in diverse neoplastic processes. This volume gives insights into how normal programs of gene expression can be subverted by the action of single transcription factors resulting in a specific tumor type. The book provides inspiration for exploiting these tumor-specific alterations as diagnostic, prognostic tools, or as selective therapeutic targets.
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Additional Information

Publisher
Springer Science & Business Media
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Published on
Dec 6, 2012
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Pages
166
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ISBN
9783642604799
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Best For
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Language
English
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Genres
Medical / General
Medical / Immunology
Medical / Microbiology
Medical / Oncology
Medical / Research
Science / Life Sciences / Cell Biology
Science / Life Sciences / Molecular Biology
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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The papers in this book were presented at the 14th Mechanisms in B-cell Neoplasia meeting that was held in Bethesda, Maryland October 21-23, 1996. In 1995 the organizers decided that the format of the meeting would be changed and that specific topics relevant to B-cell neoplasia would be discussed. This year's topic is on the c-myc oncogene in B-cell neoplasia which has been discussed in virtually every previous meeting. Some of the presentations announced for the first time dramatic advances in our understanding of c-myc and because this subject has become highly complex it was thought that devoting the whole meeting to this theme would be appropriate. The book, therefore, repre sents a review of many aspects of the myc problem but by no means is truly comprehensive. In a recent Medline search there were 8,505 references to myc, fully illustrating the magnitude of the interest and depth of this field. The organizers of the meeting have each contributed review chapters that summarize different aspects of the meeting. We thank the National Cancer Institute for sponsoring this workshop and the staff of Cygnus, Inc. , for their outstanding organizational assistance. The organizers are most grateful to Vickie Rogers for assembling the book and dealing with the edi torialization of the manuscripts. MICHAEL POlTER FRITZ MELCHERS Table of Contents M. POlTER and K. B. MARCU The c-myc Story: Where We've Been, Where We Seem to be Going. With 2 Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I F.
In metastasis, tumor cells disseminate from the primary lesion and home to secondary organs where they may remain dormant for a long time. Metastasis formation is still the most feared manifestation for tumor patients and clinicians. Although improvements have been made concerning earlier detection and specific therapy, most of the cancer patients still die of distant metastases. The purpose of these three volumes is to review the recent progress in molecular metas tasis research and to attempt to further understand the biol ogy of this multifocal process. With respect to present day molecular biology, the pioneers of metastasis research established the basic concepts of metasta sis formation in the 1970s and 1980s, namely, clonal selection of metastatic cells, heterogeneity of metastatic subpopulations, organ specificity of metastasis and the importance of angio genesis (Fidler, Kripke, Nicolson, Folkman and others). In the 1980s and 1990s, several of the molecules involved were identified and their network interactions elucidated. These three volumes of Current Topics in Microbiology and Immuno logy compile the most recent developments on these meta stasis-related molecules; their interactions, regulation, and ways to interfere with their action. It became evident that metastasis-related molecules are confined to distinct cellular compartments, such as the extracellular space, the cell membrane, the cytoplasmic signalling network, and the nuclear regulatory system. For the complex metastatic cascade, proteolysis and alterations in adhesive functions are the most obvious and thus one of the most thoroughly investigated processes.
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