Religion and Education: comparative and international perspectives

Symposium Books Ltd
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Despite the increased trend towards secularisation in state schooling, issues of religion and spirituality have remained important. Increased pluralism within societies through expanding migration patterns is changing the religious and cultural contours of many countries in Europe and North America, and is creating a need for a deeper understanding of religious diversity. However, the lack of religious or spiritual education within the educational curriculum leaves a moral vacuum that can become a space to be exploited by religious extremism. More recently, religiously motivated incidences of terrorism in several parts of the world have heightened prejudicial attitudes and distrust of certain religions, in particular.  These are profound concerns and there is an urgency to examine how religion, religious education and interfaith initiatives can address such misconceptions. This book is thus timely, focusing on an area that is often neglected, particularly on the role of religion in education for sustainable development.

While religious organisations and faith communities have had a long history of involvement in both schooling and social service delivery in many countries, their role in reaching development goals has not always been explicitly recognised, as is evident even in the United Nations’ most recently conceptualised 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Undeniably, the integration of religious dialogue into mainstream development issues is crucial because deep cleavages resulting from the issue of minority religious rights continue to give cause for concern and conflict in many countries. This edited book explores some of these tensions and issues and draws parallels across differing geographical contexts to help enhance our collective and comparative understanding of the role of religious education and institutions in advancing the post-2015 development agenda. The contributors to this volume each demonstrate that, while religion in education can contribute to understanding and respect, it is also a space that can be contested and co-opted. Without addressing the salience of religion, however, it will not be possible to foster peace and combat discrimination and prejudice. This book will be of interest to researchers, scholars and students in the field of comparative education and development, religious studies, theology and teacher development and training. This book may also be of interest to national and international policy makers. There are also numerous faith-based organisations, as well as other non-governmental organisations (NGOs) working on religion and education issues that may find these case studies a useful resource. 

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Publisher
Symposium Books Ltd
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Published on
Jan 1, 2018
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Pages
388
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ISBN
9781910744017
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Language
English
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Genres
Education / General
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This content is DRM protected.
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Eligible for Family Library

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This book analyses comparatively the creation of American and Japanese universities on the model of German universities largely in the late nineteenth century, and the reform of German and Japanese universities on the model of American universities after the end of the Second World War. The argument is that transferring educational concepts and practices from one cultural context to another involves not merely a ‘transfer’, but a ‘transformation’. How and why this transformation occurs is what this book is about. More precisely, it is suggested that transformation of educational concepts and practices during their cross-cultural movement can be understood within a theoretical perspective that is proposed and developed in the book.

This book is divided into six chapters. Chapter One, as the introduction, analyses several scholars’ approaches to the aspects of educational transfer, then attempts to construct a theoretical perspective for the book on the processes of change in educational concepts and practices during their movement across cultures. Chapters Two and Three offer two narratives to investigate how German university concepts and practices were transmuted as a consequence of local actors’ efforts to import these concepts and practices into Japan and the United States. Chapters Four and Five provide another two narratives to examine how American university concepts and practices were altered as a result of American actors’ attempts to export these concepts and practices to Japan and Germany. Chapter Six, as the conclusion, through reflecting on the four narratives given in the main chapters, re-examines the ways in which the theoretical perspective of this book is useful to understand the processes of transformation of educational concepts and practices during their movement from one culture to another. 

The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) was established in 1945 with twin aims: to rebuild various institutions of the world destroyed by war, and to promote international understanding and peaceful cooperation among nations. Based on empirical and historical research and with a particular focus on history teaching, international understanding and peace, UNESCO Without Borders offers a new research trajectory for understanding the roles played by UNESCO and other international organizations, as well as the effects of globalization on education.

With fifteen chapters by authors from cross-disciplinary and diverse geographical areas, this book assesses the global implications and results of UNESCO’s educational policies and practices. It explores how UNESCO-approved guidelines of textbook revisions and peace initiatives were implemented in member-states, illustrating the existence of both national confrontations with the new worldview promoted by UNESCO, as well as the constraints of international cooperation.

This book provides an insightful analysis of UNESCO’s past challenges and also indicates promising future research directions in support of international understanding for peace and cooperation. As such, it will be of key interest to researchers, postgraduate students, academics in the fields of international and comparative education, education politics and policies, and to those interested in the historical study of international organizations and their global impact. The book will also appeal to practitioners, especially those who conduct research on or work in post-conflict societies.

The World Yearbook of Education 2009: Childhood Studies and the Impact of Globalization: Policies and Practices at Global and Local Levels examines the concept of childhood and childhood development and learning from educational, sociological, and psychological perspectives. This contributed volume seeks to explicitly provide a series of windows into the construction of childhood around the world, as a means to conceptualizing and more sharply defining the emerging field of global and local childhood studies. At the global level there has been increasing discontent with how children have been reified and measured. Prevailing Eurocentric and North-American notions of childhood and development across the North-South boundaries show vast differences in how childhood is constructed and how development is theorized.

The World Yearbook of Education 2009 volume provides comprehensive research from Asia-Pacific, the Americas, the African region and European communities and is presented with a special focus on education. It examines childhood from birth to twelve years of age, across institutional contexts and within both poor majority and rich minority countries. Cultural-historical theory has been used as the framework for investigating and providing insights into how childhood is theorized, politicized, enacted, and lived across these communities. A range of theoretical orientations informs this book, including cultural-historical theory, ecological theory, and cross-cultural research.

The World Yearbook of Education 2009 volume is organized into 3 sections:

Section 1: Examines the global construction of childhood development and learning

Section 2: Discusses the local conditions and global imperatives that arise from a broadly based analysis of the studies presented within this section

Section 3: Draws upon cultural-historical theory and ecological theory and brings together the themes explored throughout the preceding two sections.

The World Yearbook of Education 2009 volume seeks to make visible the cultural-historical construction of childhood and development across the north-south regions and scrutinizes the policy imperatives that have maintained the global colonization of families.

In the World Library of Educationalists series, international experts compile career-long collections of what they judge to be their finest pieces – extracts from books, key articles, salient research findings, major theoretical and practical contributions – so the world can read them in a single, manageable volume. Readers will be able to follow the themes and strands and see how their work contributes to the development of the field.

Ruth Hayhoe is a distinguished scholar in comparative education and higher education, as well as one of the most highly regarded experts on Chinese education in the world. Extremely well respected throughout China, she has authored about 75 articles and book chapters, as well as several books on Chinese education and East-West relations in education.

This selection of 15 of her most representative papers and chapters documents the most significant works of her research on Chinese education, higher education and comparative education. The three sections cover:

comparative education and China

higher education and history

religion, culture and education.

The collection not only helps foreign scholars understand Chinese education development in its cultural context comprehensively and systemically, but also provides a fresh point of view for education practitioners and policy makers in China.

Podcast of Professor Ruth Hayhoe's interview at New Books Network discussing this book and her distinguished career: http://newbooksnetwork.com/ruth-hayhoe-china-through-the-lens-of-comparative-education-the-selected-works-of-ruth-hayhoe-routledge-2015/

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