Fully revised to cover the latest advances in the field, Microchip Fabrication, Sixth Edition explains every stage of semiconductor processing, from raw material preparation to testing to packaging and shipping the finished device. This practical resource provides easy-to-understand information on the physics, chemistry, and electronic fundamentals underlying the sophisticated manufacturing materials and processes of modern semiconductors.
State-of-the-art processes and cutting-edge technologies used in the patterning, doping, and layering steps are discussed in this new edition. Filled with detailed illustrations and real-world examples, this is a comprehensive, up-to-date introduction to the technological backbone of the high-tech industry.
COVERAGE INCLUDES:The semiconductor industry Properties of semiconductor materials and chemicals Crystal growth and silicon wafer preparation Wafer fabrication and packaging Contamination control Productivity and process yields Oxidation The ten-step patterning process--surface preparation to exposure; developing to final inspection Next generation lithography Doping Layer deposition Metallization Process and device evaluation The business of wafer fabrication Devices and integrated circuit formation Integrated circuits Packaging
Nano-CMOS Design for Manufacturability examines the challenges that design engineers face in the nano-scaled era, such as exacerbated effects and the proven design for manufacturability (DFM) methodology in the midst of increasing variability and design process interactions. In addition to discussing the difficulties brought on by the continued dimensional scaling in conformance with Moore's law, the authors also tackle complex issues in the design process to overcome the difficulties, including the use of a functional first silicon to support a predictable product ramp. Moreover, they introduce several emerging concepts, including stress proximity effects, contour-based extraction, and design process interactions.
This book is the sequel to Nano-CMOS Circuit and Physical Design, taking design to technology nodes beyond 65nm geometries. It is divided into three parts:
Part One, Newly Exacerbated Effects, introduces the newly exacerbated effects that require designers' attention, beginning with a discussion of the lithography aspects of DFM, followed by the impact of layout on transistor performance
Part Two, Design Solutions, examines how to mitigate the impact of process effects, discussing the methodology needed to make sub-wavelength patterning technology work in manufacturing, as well as design solutions to deal with signal, power integrity, WELL, stress proximity effects, and process variability
Part Three, The Road to DFM, describes new tools needed to support DFM efforts, including an auto-correction tool capable of fixing the layout of cells with multiple optimization goals, followed by a look ahead into the future of DFM
Throughout the book, real-world examples simplify complex concepts, helping readers see how they can successfully handle projects on Nano-CMOS nodes. It provides a bridge that allows engineers to go from physical and circuit design to fabrication processing and, in short, make designs that are not only functional, but that also meet power and performance goals within the design schedule.
Electronics For Dummies, 3rd Edition is Packed with hundreds of colorful diagrams and photographs, this book provides step-by-step instructions for experiments that show you how electronic components work, advice on choosing and using essential tools, and exciting projects you can build in 30 minutes or less. You’ll get charged up as you transform theory into action in chapter after chapter!
• Circuit basics: learn what voltage is, where current flows (and doesn’t flow), and how power is used in a circuit.
• Critical components: discover how resistors, capacitors, inductors, diodes, and transistors control and shape electric current.
• Versatile chips: find out how to use analog and digital integrated circuits to build complex projects with just a few parts.
• Analyze circuits: understand the rules that govern current and voltage and learn how to apply them.
• Safety tips: get a thorough grounding in how to protect yourself—and your electronics—from harm.
Electronics For Dummies, 3rd Edition helps you explore the basic concepts of electronics with confidence — this book will get you charged up!
This book presents comprehensive coverage of all the basic concepts in electrical engineering. It is designed for undergraduate students of almost all branches of engineering for an introductory course in essentials of electrical engineering.
This book explains in detail the properties of different electric circuit elements, such as resistors, inductors and capacitors. The fundamental concepts of dc circuit laws, such as Kirchhoff’s current and voltage laws, and various network theorems, such as Thevenin’s theorem, Norton’s theorem, superposition theorem, maximum power transfer theorem, reciprocity theorem and Millman’s theorem are thoroughly discussed. The book also presents the analysis of ac circuits, and discusses transient analysis due to switch operations in ac and dc circuits as well as analysis of three-phase circuits. It describes series and parallel RLC circuits, magnetic circuits, and the working principle of different kinds of transformers. In addition, the book explains the principle of energy conversion, the operating characteristics of dc machines, three-phase induction machines and synchronous machines as well as single-phase motors. Finally, the book includes a discussion on technologies of electric power generation along with the different types of energy sources.
Key Features :
Includes numerous solved examples and illustrations for sound conceptual understanding.
Provides well-graded chapter-end problems to develop the problem-solving capability of the students.
Supplemented with three appendices addressing matrix algebra, trigonometric identities and Laplace transforms of commonly used functions to help students understand the mathematical concepts required for the study of electrical engineering.
Electrical Engineering covers the production and distribution of power and the manufacturing of electrical components used in a number of sectors including construction and building.
Students pursuing electrical engineering study about basics of electricity, electrical circuits, laws of electricity, electromagnetism, transformers, induction motor and etc.
This third edition includes more real-world examples and a glossary of formulae. It contains new coverage of:MicrocontrollersFPGAsClasses of componentsMemory (RAM, ROM, etc.)Surface mountHigh speed designBoard layoutAdvanced digital electronics (e.g. processors)Transistor circuits and circuit designOp-amp and logic circuitsUse of test equipmentGives readers a simple explanation of complex concepts, in terms they can understand and relate to everyday life. Updated content throughout and new material on the latest technological advances.Provides readers with an invaluable set of tools and references that they can use in their everyday work.