Modelling Machine Emotions for Realizing Intelligence

Smart innovation, systems, and technologies

Book 1
Springer Science & Business Media
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Emotion connects the thought to the body, which is a magnificent biological - vice for sensing and affecting the world. The thought controls the body through emotions. The body affects the thought through emotions. Through this mec- nism, the thought allows the agent to behave intelligently in the complex world filled with a huge amount of dynamic information. The emotion maps a flux of information into a space which the agent is familiar with, enabling her/him to associate ongoing events with past experiences which help to reduce complexity by providing with a nominal solution. Recent findings in brain science suggest that mirror neurons map visual signals into motor signals for the body. This mechanism might permit one to experience the emotion of the other agent just by feeling the motor signals caused by mirror neurons as a result of visual stimuli caused by the other agent’s emotional beh- iors. In particular, it might play a significant role in invoking empathy in a social situation. It may not be hard to think about what might happen to emotion-less machines. The emotion-less machines may not be able to accumulate experiences to avoid serious failures. They may not be able to communicate with the humans in an empathetic way.
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About the author

Dr. Rajiv Khosla has a multi-disciplinary background in engineering, management and computer science. He holds a Bachelors degree in Electrical Engineering, a Masters degree in Management and Systems from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), New Delhi, and a Masters and Ph.D. in Computer Science from La Trobe. Dr. Khosla is an Associate Professor in the Accounting and Management department at La Trobe University. He is the associate editor of the International Journal of Pattern Recognition and review board member of the International Journal of Applied Intelligence. His research and teaching experience has been driven by active collaboration with industry. He has been a project leader of over a dozen industrial projects. Dr. Khosla has authored several research monographs in the area of intelligent agents and human-centred systems. He has published several books with Springer, the most recent being Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems (Khosla, Howlett & Jain (Eds.), 2005, 3-540-28894-5).

Dr. Nadia Bianchi-Berthouze gained her MSc in Computer Science and Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of The Studies of Milan, Italy in 1991 and 1995 respectively. In February 2006, she will move from the University of Aizu, Japan (where she was an Assistant Professor working in visual information systems) to the University College London Interaction Center (UCLIC), UK.

Dr. Toyoaki Nishida is a Professor in the Department of Intelligence Science and Technology, Graduate School of Technology at Kyoto University. He received his B.E., the M.E., and Doctor of Engineering degrees from Kyoto University in 1977, 1979, and 1984 respectively. He haspublished one monograph previously: Dynamic Knowledge Interaction, CRC Press 2000 and two lecture notes volumes in Springer??'s Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence series: Algorithmic Learning Theory, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 743, Springer-Verlag, 1993 and Takao Terano, Toyoaki Nishida, Akira Namatame, Yukio Ohsawa, Shusaku Tsumoto, and Takashi Washio (eds): Exploring New Frontiers on Artificial Intelligence - Selected Papers from the First International Workshops of Japanese Society of Artificial Intelligence -, Lecture Notes on Artificial Intelligence LNAI2253, Springer Verlag, December 2001.

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Additional Information

Publisher
Springer Science & Business Media
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Published on
Jun 21, 2010
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Pages
228
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ISBN
9783642126048
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Language
English
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Genres
Computers / Intelligence (AI) & Semantics
Mathematics / Applied
Psychology / Cognitive Psychology & Cognition
Technology & Engineering / General
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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KES International (KES) is a worldwide organisation that provides a professional community and association for researchers, originally in the discipline of Knowledge Based and Intelligent Engineering Systems, but now extending into other related areas. Through this, KES provides its members with opportunities for publication and beneficial interaction. The focus of KES is research and technology transfer in the area of Intelligent S- tems, i.e. computer-based software systems that operate in a manner analogous to the human brain, in order to perform advanced tasks. Recently KES has started to extend its area of interest to encompass the contribution that intelligent systems can make to sustainability and renewable energy, and also the knowledge transfer, innovation and enterprise agenda. Involving several thousand researchers, managers and engineers drawn from u- versities and companies world-wide, KES is in an excellent position to facilitate - ternational research co-operation and generate synergy in the area of artificial intel- gence applied to real-world ‘Smart’ systems and the underlying related theory. The KES annual conference covers a broad spectrum of intelligent systems topics and attracts several hundred delegates from a range of countries round the world. KES also organises symposia on specific technical topics, for example, Agent and Multi Agent Systems, Intelligent Decision Technologies, Intelligent Interactive M- timedia Systems and Services, Sustainability in Energy and Buildings and Innovations through Knowledge Transfer. KES is responsible for two peer-reviewed journals, the International Journal of Knowledge based and Intelligent Engineering Systems, and Intelligent Decision Technologies: an International Journal.
Conversational informatics investigates human behaviour with a viewto designing conversational artifacts capable of interacting withhumans in a conversational fashion. It spans a broad array oftopics including linguistics, psychology and human-computerinteraction. Until recently research in such areas has been carriedout in isolation, with no attempt made to connect the variousdisciplines. Advancements in science and technology have changedthis.

Conversational Informatics provides an interdisciplinaryintroduction to conversational informatics and places emphasis uponthe integration of scientific approaches to achieve engineeringgoals and to advance further understanding of conversation.

It features a collection of surveys structured around fourprominent research areas: conversational artifacts,conversational contents, conversation environment design andconversation measurement, analysis and modelling

Conversational artifacts shows how synthetic charactersor intelligent robots use eye gaze, gestures and other non-verbalcommunicators to interact.Conversational contents looks at developing techniquesfor acquiring, editing, distributing and utilising the contentsthat are produced and consumed in conversation.Conversation environment design explains techniques forcreating intelligent virtual environments and for representingindividuals within a virtual environment by monitoring andreproducing their non-verbal conversational behaviour.Conversation measurement, analysis and modellingdemonstrate how conversational behaviour can be measured andanalyzed. 

Conversational Informatics will be an invaluable resourcefor postgraduate students and researchers in Computer Science andElectrical Engineering as well as engineers and developers workingin the field of automation, robotics and agents technology.

KES International (KES) is a worldwide organisation that provides a professional community and association for researchers, originally in the discipline of Knowledge Based and Intelligent Engineering Systems, but now extending into other related areas. Through this, KES provides its members with opportunities for publication and beneficial interaction. The focus of KES is research and technology transfer in the area of Intelligent S- tems, i.e. computer-based software systems that operate in a manner analogous to the human brain, in order to perform advanced tasks. Recently KES has started to extend its area of interest to encompass the contribution that intelligent systems can make to sustainability and renewable energy, and also the knowledge transfer, innovation and enterprise agenda. Involving several thousand researchers, managers and engineers drawn from u- versities and companies world-wide, KES is in an excellent position to facilitate - ternational research co-operation and generate synergy in the area of artificial intel- gence applied to real-world ‘Smart’ systems and the underlying related theory. The KES annual conference covers a broad spectrum of intelligent systems topics and attracts several hundred delegates from a range of countries round the world. KES also organises symposia on specific technical topics, for example, Agent and Multi Agent Systems, Intelligent Decision Technologies, Intelligent Interactive M- timedia Systems and Services, Sustainability in Energy and Buildings and Innovations through Knowledge Transfer. KES is responsible for two peer-reviewed journals, the International Journal of Knowledge based and Intelligent Engineering Systems, and Intelligent Decision Technologies: an International Journal.
Going from the philosophy and concepts to the implementation and user study, this book presents an excellent overview of Japan's contemporary technical challenges in the field of human–computer interaction. The next information era will be one in which information is used to cultivate human and social potential. Driven by this vision, the outcomes provided in this work were accomplished as challenges to establish basic technologies for achieving harmony between human beings and the information environment by integrating element technologies including real-space communication, human interfaces, and media processing. Ranging from the neuro-cognitive level to the field trial, the research activities integrated novel perceptual technologies that even exceed human ability to sense, capture, and affect the real world.

This book grew out of one of the CREST research areas funded by the Japan Science and Technology Agency. The theme of the project is “the creation of human-harmonized information technology for convivial society”, where 17 research teams aimed at a common goal. The project promotes a trans-disciplinary approach featuring (1) recognition and comprehension of human behaviors and real-space contexts by utilizing sensor networks and ubiquitous computing, (2) technologies for facilitating man–machine communication by utilizing robots and ubiquitous networks, and (3) content technologies for analyzing, mining, integrating, and structuring multimedia data including those in text, voice, music, and images.

This is the first of two volumes, which is contributed by nine team leaders. Besides describing the technical challenges, each contribution lays much weight on discussing the philosophy, concepts, and the implications underlying the project. This work will provide researchers and practitioners in the related areas with an excellent opportunity to find interesting new developments and to think about the relationship between human and information technology.
Conversational informatics investigates human behaviour with a viewto designing conversational artifacts capable of interacting withhumans in a conversational fashion. It spans a broad array oftopics including linguistics, psychology and human-computerinteraction. Until recently research in such areas has been carriedout in isolation, with no attempt made to connect the variousdisciplines. Advancements in science and technology have changedthis.

Conversational Informatics provides an interdisciplinaryintroduction to conversational informatics and places emphasis uponthe integration of scientific approaches to achieve engineeringgoals and to advance further understanding of conversation.

It features a collection of surveys structured around fourprominent research areas: conversational artifacts,conversational contents, conversation environment design andconversation measurement, analysis and modelling

Conversational artifacts shows how synthetic charactersor intelligent robots use eye gaze, gestures and other non-verbalcommunicators to interact.Conversational contents looks at developing techniquesfor acquiring, editing, distributing and utilising the contentsthat are produced and consumed in conversation.Conversation environment design explains techniques forcreating intelligent virtual environments and for representingindividuals within a virtual environment by monitoring andreproducing their non-verbal conversational behaviour.Conversation measurement, analysis and modellingdemonstrate how conversational behaviour can be measured andanalyzed. 

Conversational Informatics will be an invaluable resourcefor postgraduate students and researchers in Computer Science andElectrical Engineering as well as engineers and developers workingin the field of automation, robotics and agents technology.

Going from the philosophy and concepts to the implementation and user study, this book presents an excellent overview of Japan's contemporary technical challenges in the field of human–computer interaction. The next information era will be one in which information is used to cultivate human and social potential. Driven by this vision, the outcomes provided in this work were accomplished as challenges to establish basic technologies for achieving harmony between human beings and the information environment by integrating element technologies including real-space communication, human interfaces, and media processing. Ranging from the neuro-cognitive level to the field trial, the research activities integrated novel perceptual technologies that even exceed human ability to sense, capture, and affect the real world.

This book grew out of one of the CREST research areas funded by the Japan Science and Technology Agency. The theme of the project is “the creation of human-harmonized information technology for convivial society”, where 17 research teams aimed at a common goal. The project promotes a trans-disciplinary approach featuring (1) recognition and comprehension of human behaviors and real-space contexts by utilizing sensor networks and ubiquitous computing, (2) technologies for facilitating man–machine communication by utilizing robots and ubiquitous networks, and (3) content technologies for analyzing, mining, integrating, and structuring multimedia data including those in text, voice, music, and images.

This is the first of two volumes, which is contributed by nine team leaders. Besides describing the technical challenges, each contribution lays much weight on discussing the philosophy, concepts, and the implications underlying the project. This work will provide researchers and practitioners in the related areas with an excellent opportunity to find interesting new developments and to think about the relationship between human and information technology.
This book offers valuable new insights into the design of culturally-aware systems. In its first part, it is devoted to presenting selected Culturally-Aware Intelligent Systems devised in the field of Artificial Intelligence and its second part consists of two sub-parts that offer a source of inspiration for building modelizations of Culture and of its influence on the human mind and behavior, to be used in new Culturally-Aware Intelligent Systems. Those sub-parts present the results of experiments conducted in two fields that study Culture and its influence on the human mind’s functions: Cultural Neuroscience and Cross-Cultural Psychology.

In this era of globalization, people from different countries and cultures have the opportunity to interact directly or indirectly in a wide variety of contexts. Despite differences in their ways of thinking and reasoning, their behaviors, their values, lifestyles, customs and habits, languages, religions – in a word, their cultures – they must be able to collaborate on projects, to understand each other’s views, to communicate in such a way that they don’t offend each other, to anticipate the effects of their actions on others, and so on. As such, it is of primary importance to understand how culture affects people’s mental activities, such as perception, interpretation, reasoning, emotion and behavior, in order to anticipate possible misunderstandings due to differences in handling the same situation, and to try and resolve them.

Artificial Intelligence, and more specifically, the field of Intelligent Systems design, aims at building systems that mimic the behavior of human beings in order to complete tasks more efficiently than humans could by themselves. Consequently, in the last decade, experts and scholars in the field of Intelligent Systems have been increasingly tackling the notion of cultural awareness. A Culturally-Aware Intelligent System can be defined as a system where Culture-related or, more generally, socio-cultural information is modeled and used to design the human-machine interface, or to provide support with the task carried out by the system, be it reasoning, simulation or any other task involving cultural knowledge.

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