Biochar: Production, Characterization, and Applications

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Encompassing high priority research areas such as bioenergy production, global warming mitigation, and sustainable agriculture, biochar has received increased worldwide interest in the past decade.Biochar: Production, Characterization, and Applications covers the fundamentals of biochar including its concept, production technology, and characteriza
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About the author

Edited by

Yong Sik Ok

, professor and director, Korea Biochar Research Center, Department of Biological Environment, Kangwon National University, Chuncheaon, Korea

Sophie M. Uchimiya

, research chemist, U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service (USDAARS), Southern Regional ResearchCenter in New Orleans, Louisiana

Scott X. Chang

, professor in forest soils and nutrient dynamics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada

Nanthi Bolan

, professor of environmental science, University of Newcastle, Australia
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Additional Information

Publisher
CRC Press
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Published on
Aug 28, 2015
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Pages
438
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ISBN
9781482242300
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Best For
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Language
English
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Genres
Science / Environmental Science
Technology & Engineering / Agriculture / General
Technology & Engineering / Environmental / General
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Eligible for Family Library

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Presents an Integrated Approach, Providing Clear and Practical Guidelines

Are you a student facing your first serious research project? If you are, it is likely that you’ll be, firstly, overwhelmed by the magnitude of the task, and secondly, lost as to how to go about it. What you really need is a guide to walk you through all aspects of the research project, from planning and conducting your research project to writing and presenting it. Guide to Research Projects for Engineering Students: Planning, Writing and Presenting is the guide you need to do the job efficiently.

Specifically Designed with Engineering and Technical Science Students in Mind

The book is organized into three sections, broken down into concise chapters that focus on a specific topic and the skills required. The section on planning shows you how to choose a project, research a topic, write a project proposal, plan the project, select methods and methodologies, and keep records. The section on writing provides help on writing the different sections of a research report as well as introduces you to the strategies and language conventions required for writing an effective research report. Finally, the section on presenting covers creating effective figures and layout, preparing for a project presentation, and the dos and don’ts in delivering a presentation. Advice on how to use IT tools effectively is given throughout the book.

Contains highly practical content—includes tips on how to conduct research, write it up effectively, and avoid common errors and pitfalls in grammar and style Offers guidance on using IT tools (which are indispensable in research) Includes pertinent examples of best practices on conducting research and research writing

The authors have drawn on their many years of experience teaching engineering students, either in supervising engineering students in their research projects or teaching technical communication skills.

In most cases of civil engineering development, a range of alternative schemes meeting  project goals are feasible, so some form of evaluation must be carried out to select the most appropriate to take forward. Evaluation criteria usually include the economic, environmental and social contexts of a project as well as the engineering challenges, so engineers must be familiar with the processes and tools used.

The second edition of Engineering Project Appraisal equips students with the understanding and analytical tools to carry out effective appraisals of alternative development schemes, using both economic and non-economic criteria. The building blocks of economic appraisal are covered early, leading to techniques such as net present worth, internal rate of return and annual worth. Cost Benefit Analysis is dealt with in detail, together with related methods such as Cost Effectiveness and the Goal Achievement Matrix. The text also details three multi-criteria models which have proved useful in the evaluation of proposals in the transportation, solid waste, energy and water resources fields: the Simple Additive Weighting (SAW) Model, the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) technique and Concordance Analysis. There is a full discussion dealing with risk and uncertainty in these models.  

With many worked examples and case studies, Engineering Project Appraisal is an essential text for both undergraduate and postgraduate students on professional civil engineering courses, and it is expected that students on planning and construction management courses will find it a valuable addition to their reading.

Biochar Application: Essential Soil Microbial Ecology

outlines the cutting-edge research on the interactions of complex microbial populations and their functional, structural, and compositional dynamics, as well as the microbial ecology of biochar application to soil, the use of different phyto-chemical analyses, possibilities for future research, and recommendations for climate change policy.

Biochar, or charcoal produced from plant matter and applied to soil, has become increasingly recognized as having the potential to address multiple contemporary concerns, such as agricultural productivity and contaminated ecosystem amelioration, primarily by removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and improving soil functions.

Biochar Application is the first reference to offer a complete assessment of the various impacts of biochar on soil and ecosystems, and includes chapters analyzing all aspects of biochar technology and application to soil, from ecogenomic analyses and application ratios to nutrient cycling and next generation sequencing. Written by a team of international authors with interdisciplinary knowledge of biochar, this reference will provide a platform where collaborating teams can find a common resource to establish outcomes and identify future research needs throughout the world.

Includes multiple tables and figures per chapter to aid in analysis and understandingIncludes a comprehensive table of the methods used within the contents, ecosystems, contaminants, future research, and application opportunities explored in the bookIncludes knowledge gaps and directions of future research to stimulate further discussion in the field and in climate change policyOutlines the latest research on the interactions of complex microbial populations and their functional, structural, and compositional dynamicsOffers an assessment of the impacts of biochar on soil and ecosystems
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