Based on robust cases studied by researchers and practical experiences of personnel involved in innovation at public or private institutions, this book successively discusses the policy framework in Europe and Japan, the new role for universities due to intellectual property reform or technology transfer promotion, the new challenges for firms in terms of licensing, patents, corporate venturing, including entrepreneurship, incubation, venture capital or cross-industry knowledge sharing.
All issues addressed in this book are clearly those toward regional innovation policies and practices that are open in nature. It contains descriptions and analysis of the various approaches taken by industrial, governmental, and academic players in various regions of Japan (Tohoku, Tokyo) and Europe (France, Belgium). The mix of theoretical and empirical material collected in this book was first presented at an international symposium in Tokyo.
The dynamics of regional innovation is an on-going issue, and we are still standing at the threshold of this field of research. It is exactly why such a book is needed now.Contents: The Policy Framework Revisited: Answering New Challenges?:Science and Technology Policy in Japan (Hiroshi Nagano)Innovation Policies and Reforms in Japan (Tomohiro Ijichi)The European Innovation Strategy and Competitiveness Clusters (Henri Capron)How to Draw Endogenous Power to the Regions? A Review of Innovation Policies in the Tohoku Region (Michi Fukushima)Competitiveness Clusters and the Positioning of Rhône-Alpes and Wallonia (Henri Capron and Pierre-Jean Baillot)Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer: A New Challenge for Universities:The Legal Framework of Intellectual Property Rights in Comparative Law: Japan–France (Béatrice Jaluzot)The European Patent System: 50 Years of Missed Opportunities (Jérôme Danguy, Malwina Mejer and Bruno Van Pottelsberghe De La Potterie)What We Know on Prolific Inventors: Evidence from a Five Countries United States Patenting Data Set (1975–2002) (Christian Le Bas)University Patent Portfolios in Japan: The Impact of IP Measures and National University Incorporation on the University–Industry Technology Transfer Process (Daisuke Kanama and Kumi Okuwada)Technology licensing from University to Industry in Japan (Toshiya Watanabe)Role of the Universities Towards the Big and Small Enterprises: The Walloon Case (Michel Morant and Joseph A Martial)Open Innovation and the New Challenge for Firms:Entrepreneurship Education: A Still Uncertain Road in Japan and Europe (Philippe Debroux)Promoting firms' Creation and Incubation: Past and Present Policy Achievements in France and in Japan (Yveline Lecler)Venture Capital and Angels in Japan: Comparison with Experiences in France (Mahito Uchida)Corporate Venturing in Japan: New Win-Win Movement of Big-Corporation–Startup-Collaboration (Noboru Maeda)Licensing Strategy of Japanese Firms (Koji Nakano and Nobuo Takahashi)Sharing Manufacturing Knowledge Among Industries: A Challenge for the Instructor School at University of Tokyo (Takahiro Fujimoto and Tetsuo Yoshimoto)Toward Open Innovation: Some Evidence from Empirical Studies:Case 1 — Research Valorization and Networking: The Walloon Case (Véronique Cabiaux)Case 2 — The New Role of Universities: The Walloon Interdisciplinary Cluster of Applied Genoproteomics (GIGA) (Joseph A Martial and Michel Morant)Case 3 — CREALYS West Rhone-Alps Incubator: A French Public Incubator (Nadia Kamal)Case 4 — The New Business Support Activities by the Tohoku Economic Federation: For Changing the Global Competitive Environments (Eisaku Nishiyama)Case 5 — Encouraging Producers of Interindustry Collaboration Among Small and Medium Enterprises in the Tohoku Region of Japan (Seiichi Ohtaki and Nghia-Chi Nguyen)
Readership: Students and researchers who are interested in regional innovation policies and practices in Japan and Europe.
Keywords:Innovation;Innovation Policies;Clusters;Transfer of Technology;Srat-Up;Intellectual Property;Patents;Venture Capital;Europe;JapanKey Features:A unique collection of papers gathering prominent contributors from social sciences and sciences to which practitioners add their real-life experiences