About this issue:
This issue of Socrates has been divided into five sections.
The first section of this issue is Language & Literature- English. The article in this section focuses on "The perspective of contemporaneity". It concludes that if we delve into the roots of ‘now’ ness we find that that we are defined by a past which is mostly girdled by the colonial shadows which continues to invade every segments of human civilization.
The second section of this issue is Anthropology. The article in this section highlight ancient Macedonian customs and their influence in the modern Republic of Macedonia.This paper concludes that certain ritual actions from the ancient period, although modified, still largely correspond to the current Macedonian folk customs and beliefs, both in terms of the time of celebration and in terms of ritual actions, procedures and symbolism. Their continuity reflects the Macedonian identity, from antiquity to today.
The third section of this issue is Economics,Management and Commerce. The paper in this section develops a model for designing and explaining Cost Management Strategies in the home appliance industry in Iran. It has also implemented organizational resource–based view to limit the research domain and focus on organizational actions; then it has used porter value chain (1985) to analyze the cost structure of the company which supports strategic decision making and inter–organizational verifications.
The fourth section of this issue is Politics, Law and Governance, which contains an article that identifies lack of education as the main reasons for the backwardness of Indian Muslims. It claims that until and unless Muslim educational backwardness is addressed, the empowerment of Indian Muslims would remain elusive. The Muslims in India would remain politically marginalized and economically poor unless they overcome their educational backwardness and India cannot march on the path of development and claim to be world leader if majority of its minority community remains educationally backward.
The fifth section of this issue is The New Book which reviews the Book "God Einstein and Shankardeva" Authored by Shri. Surendra Nath Bora.
Sayan Dey is Research Scholar in the Department of English at Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
Lidija Kovacheva is Assistant Professor of Classical (ancient) studies at University EURO Balkan Skopje Macedonia, the former Republic of Yugoslav
Amin keramatpanah M.A Graduate of Business Management, Azad University (Rasht Branch), Rasht,Iran
Shahroodi Kambiz Assistant Professor Industrial Management Department, Azad University (Rasht Branch), Rasht, Iran
Yavarpour Saeed M.A Economic Director- Sani Kaveh Iron & Steel company, Tehran, Iran
Keramatpanah Mohsen M.A Graduate of Industrial management, Institute of management and planning, Tehran, Iran
Ansari Fatima Noor Research Scholar, Dept. of Public Administration, University of Lucknow India
Prof. (Dr.) Rakesh Chandra Professor, Department of Philosophy University of Lucknow, India
The first section of this issue is Language & Literature- Persian, which contains an article authored by Nazia Jafri. In this paper, hidden corners and unfamiliar life and priceless works of Hussain Quli Mastan, who was the the first Iranian photo-journalist, has been introduced.
The second section of this issue if Language and Literature-English. Paper authored by Dr. P. Saravanakumar studies the use of a mask in Girish Karnad’s play “Tughlaq.” Tughlaq is the most complex and complicated of Girish Karnad’s works. Paper authored by R. Kaliyaperumal highlights the Science and Technology in Dan Brown’s Digital Fortress. Paper authored by Vincent P discusses Black Community Voice Echoes on Eradicate of Identity in Toni Morrison’s Novel Home. While exploring the twenty-first-century work Home we find the voices, which indicates the voice of the colonised people. A deep study of this novel exposes the events and happenings at the time of colonisation. It also exposes their emotions and feelings.
The third section of this issue is Philosophy. Paper authored by Giuseppe Gagliano intends to identify several key concepts that emerge from an analysis of Aron’s acclaimed work on the role played by Marxist-Leninist ideology in the development of the 20th-century philosophic thought. Paper authored by Rocco Angelo Astore is an argument in favor of the Universal health care.
The fourth section of this issue is Politics, Law and Governance. Paper authored by Dr. Galyna Fesenko and Dr. Tetiana Fesenko aims to outline the role of e-democracy within the setting of the Eastern Partnership program. The article provides the comparative review of E-Government progress in six EaP countries in 2009 – 2016. Paper authored by Dr. Surendra Misra is related to Governance, Good Governance and development of different sectors in India. Paper authored by Dr. Sanjay Kumar Dwivedi focuses on the E-Governance initiatives that have changed the life style of rural citizens and in which the citizens derive benefit through direct transactions with the services provided by the union and the provincial governments. The paper also highlights the variety of constraints in implementing the E-governance projects in rural areas.
About this issue:
This issue of Socrates has been divided into three sections.
The first section is English Language & Literature. The paper authored by Mounir Sanhaji discusses the construction of ‘otherness’ in media discourse that is meant to legitimize and naturalize the reproduction of the ideology of opposition that widens the gap between the identification of “Self” and “Other”.
The second section of this issue is Philosophy. The Paper authored by Nadia Maftouni has conceptualized “Scientart” and has discussed the interaction between the worlds of art and science. The Paper authored by Dabbagh Hossein has intended to propose a critical leap in Persian music which leads to the creation of three different paradigms in Persian music. The Paper authored by Hareesh Alikkal Gopalakrishnan and Upendra C sketches out the intractable nature of species through a historical account of the species problem. Through this paper, they have tried to decipher a ‘common thread’ that, perhaps, binds all our ideas of species together. The Paper authored by Tang Man-to aims at explaining the ambiguous meaning of forgetting in Meno, Phaedo, Theaetetus and Philebus. It concludes by drawing attention to Paul Ricoeur’s critical examination of Plato’s philosophy of forgetting that he fails to provide an effective resolution to the ordinary forgetting as an attack on the reliability of memory. The Paper authored by Viviana Yaccuzzi Polisena concluded that the Being cannot be localized, it is infinite and continuous; the Being bears the cosmic code. Therefore, existence basically shares the same cosmic information because everything was thought for its flutter to eternity. The Paper authored by Alexandros Schismenos illuminates the importance of time for philosophical thought and, more generally, for human social and psychical life, in the context of the ontology of Cornelius Castoriadis. Castoriadis, who asserted that “being is time – and not in the horizon of time”, correlated history to society and being to temporality within the social-historical stratum, the ontological plane created by human existence, where “existence is signification”. The Paper authored by Miquel Ricart is primarily in Spanish with it’s abstract in English and Spanish. This paper aims to interpret and comment on some of Fernando Vallejo's thoughts contained in his novel El Desbarrancadero. It says that the Colombian author's text includes deep reflections on essential issues of human existence and their fundamental circumstances. Throughout the pages of El Desbarrancadero, ideas about life are exposed in their most critical aspect, masterfully described by Vallejo.
The third section of this issue is Political Science. The Paper authored by Manas Roy enquires into the challenges in front of the Government in India for the successful implementation of E-governance services. It also tends to find out the potential opportunities available.
The first section is Language & Literature- English.
The paper authored by Mehnaz Khan and Hasnain Mashood Ali applies Goffman’s model as a comprehensive approach to analyze the data to understand the role of health in identity formation. The findings examined within the context of ideological and cultural background and interpreted in the light of Althusser’s (1971) ideological framework. The paper concludes by stating that identity is the product of social relationships implicitly formed in the ideological background and is a source of motivation and expectations to transform one into social being capable of expressive control.
The paper authored by Amaladhas Dr J. analyses the consciousness that grew out of the unrelieved suffering and psychological traumas of a group of people who were subjected to overt and covert racism in the USA for about four centuries.
The second section of this issue is Psychology.
The Paper authored by Ioanna C. Bitchava, Paleologou Angie-M. P, Chrousos George P., Artemiadis Artemios K. and Darviri Christina is an innovative quasi-experimental study, whose core aim was not only to investigate the role of Stress and Stress-Management on the Physical, Mental, and Cognitive Health of first-year University Students during the transition period into the tertiary education system (especially in the contemporary Greek Society), but also to apply an innovative Stress Management Technique [based on the Ancient Greek Philosophy - with contemporary successful effects], Pythagorean Self-Awareness –comparatively to the worldwide "classic" Stress-Management Techniques – for the first time worldwide into this target-group, as well. This paper is an issue of great importance.
The third section of this issue is Sociology.
The paper authored by Neha Singh and Dr Neeraj Mishra explores the nuances that industrialization is mired with, in relation to the rivers, associated large infrastructure and rivers attributed sacredness. The paper uses the case of river Kshipra flowing in the city of Ujjain to explain the shifting attribution of ‘sacred’ from natural things like rivers to materialistic things like money. The paper discusses the change in the significance of river during a world famous festival of Hindus for holy dip Simhastha. The paper explains the shift in focus of Simhastha from holy dip to crowd control, space allocation, crass commercialisation and unchecked competition. It explains using the theory of sacred and profane of Durkheim and Eliade, how in the modern time's secularisation of religion and sacralization of secular has created the sacred/profane distinction which is making the rivers only the source for consumption forgetting their actual significance.
The fourth section of this issue is Politics, Law and Governance.
The paper authored by Dr Adesanya Olusegun Paul and Olominu Tomi explores some of the responsible variables are a mind-body problem, alternative thinking, and poverty to mention a few. These variables are the identified drivers of dimensions of insecurity and/or crises that are witnessed in both countries. Given this, the study demonstrates the role of the fugitive youths in the abating terror attacks at the frontiers and within some regions of Nigeria and Cameroun. Also, the study argues that priority should be accorded to the factors inducing fugitive youths to embrace anti-social/anti-societal behaviours, especially terrorism within the Nigeria and Cameroun.
The fifth section of this issue is Digital government/E-government/Electronic government/Online government. The paper authored by Alsaeed Abraheem and Dr Carl Adams undertakes a comparison of eGov strategies among countries at different levels of instability. It highlights the different approaches for implementing activities, and thus directs policy makers in highly unstable societies to important aspects and to embrace gaps during the implementation process. Consequently, the lessons learned by adopting best practice from different contexts enhances the process of activities’ development in an unstable environment. This paper aims to emphasise on the factors that influenced strategic planning in societies with different levels of stability to adopt eService successfully. This comparison study explores the eService strategies among three cases namely: eGov Strategy in Syria, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. The result reveals the approaches that each government had adopted in order to reach their eGov potential. Authors have applied the Reinventing Government approach by Osborne and Gaebler (1992) as a theoretical framework. By using their ten principles of transforming governments this provides understanding about the context and issues of providing eGov services within the three case studies and to what degree each case strategy has an influence on the activities implemented.
The paper authored by Dr Tetiana Fesenko and Dr Galyna Fesenko aims to outline the role of ICT in urban management. The digital segment is presented as significant for making cities sustainable, and for expanding access to basic services for large numbers of people. The matrix of ICT-tools in relation to sustainable cities development targets is developed. The comparative review of Digital City, Intelligent City, and Smart City is provided. The municipal e-government data of international ratings are analyzed with the special focus on aspects of online services management. The existing digital gaps between cities are pointed out in terms of e-governance maturity. It is proposed the maturity model of the municipal digital office, which it consists eight levels of the functional responsibility for urban online services development.
This issue of SOCRATES has been divided into two sections.
The first section of this issue is English Literature.
The first paper of this section has been authored by Sara Setayesh. This paper reviews ‘Blasted’, the first play by the British author Sarah Kane. The paper analyses the Ian and Cate’s psychological behavior and their romantic relationship portrayed in the play, as important implications for psychoanalytic criticism. The second paper of this section has been authored by Muhammad Yar Tanvir and Dr Ali Usman Saleem. It evaluates the power, privilege or right enjoyed by the men in Pakistani Patriarchal society as reflected in ‘Attar of Roses and Other Stories’ of Pakistan, a collection by Tahira Naqvi. The objective of this paper is to pinpoint the social and political position of patriarchal society through which woman subjugation by men becomes a power, a privilege or a right to be exercised. Radical Feminism will serve as a theoretical and conceptual framework for the apt exploration of the problematic.
The second section of this issue is Philosophy.
The first paper of this section has been authored by Maftouni Nadia and Mahmoud Nuri. It analyses the Farabi’s philosophy (utopia) and concluded that the public is not used to implement their rational faculty and they cannot perceive the rational happiness directly. So the rational happiness should be presented to their imagination, and thus, the artist of the utopia makes images of the rational happiness using sensible and imaginary forms.
The second paper of this section has been authored by Smrutipriya Pattnaik and C Upendra. The paper critically addresses the fall narrative of the narrative of the failure of the communist experiment. It claims that if the idea of “return to socialism” makes no sense, equally is senseless the triumphalism debate of liberal-capitalism.
The third paper of this section has been authored by Lidija Kovacheva. This paper provides a comparative interpretation of the Ancient Greek image of Hermes as a mythological figure with the image of Archangel Michael as a highly revered Orthodox saint in modern Macedonian society. The goal of this research is to show the similarities and the differences between these two characters and how these images are understood today in modern society.
About this Issue
This issue of SOCRATES covers research papers from Anthropology, Environmental-science, Public-administration, Political-science, and Philosophy, Hindi literature, Persian Literature, and some of the best works from the pen of renowned poets and scholars. We are focused on expanding our scope and consolidating our position in both conceptual development and practical application with special emphasis on social issues. Our motive is to promote research as research is an essential part of higher learning. Research is generally undertaken so as to find the answers of those problems which are not easy or readily available to them. It helps the individuals to find out the solution or answer of any question in a systematic manner based on scientific investigation of those problems. Research always adds something to emerging stock of knowledge making for its advancement. It is the pursuit of truth with the aid of observation, comparison, study and experiment. We believe that India cannot aspire to a future as an advanced society without cultivating large numbers of original thinkers and researchers to inspire new generation. Our mission behind introducing and initiating this journal is to motivate Scholars who have the willingness to Produce and publish quality research and discuss his/her original research, thoughts and ideas. We strongly believe in the concept of connected academic world. Thus we have indexed our journal at some of the best citation centers.
The first section of this issue is Language & Literature- Persian. The article in this section introduces a Manuscript that highlights the 18th Century History of Awadh India.
The second section of this issue is Anthropology. The article in this section provides the role of weaving activity in socio-cultural life of Oromo society in general and Macca Oromo in particular. It also highlights how weavers play a great role in perseveration of cultural heritage, employment creation, tourist attraction and environmental protection in these areas.
The third section of this issue is History. The paper in this section is the excerpt of the UGC Minor Research Project under the financial help of the University Grants Commission carried out in the year 2014. This paper highlights Political identities and dilemma in Jharkhand Movement, India and raises Questions of ‘environmental revivalism' and its consequences.
The fourth section of this issue is Philosophy. The first article in this section tries to demonstrate that the emergence of the Internet refutes any claims posed by neurologists on the traditional epistemological field of philosophy, proceeding from this ontological decision, the equation of human cognition to cybernetic systems. The paper also explores some social-semantic aspects of the cyberspace as a nexus of social representations of the individual identity that forms a new sphere of being, where the subjective and the objective merge in a virtual subjective objectivity with unique epistemological attributes and possibilities.
The second article of this section deals with the question of how and why the civilizations of modernity construct social realities that fundamentally and institutionally are socio-politically unequal, unsustainable and that ecologically these societies reproduce unequal exchange of human, social and environmental resources and information. Moreover, it tries to position an alternative pathway for radical and democratic transformation through “the project of autonomy” influenced from the struggle for the commons as a protest against the commodification and monetarization of the whole of our existence. It aims to expand the knowledge about the struggle of social movements, as well as exposing the endless possibilities humanity have to re-imagine an autonomous present and a sustainable future.
The fifth section of this issue is Politics, Law and Governance which contains an artilce that dwells on the experiences of India in the software and pharmaceutical industries to argue for the need for policy space in technology evolution.