from China, one from India, two from Italy, and two from Japan. These works provide insight into the thinking of warlords and kings who ruled across Asia and Europe in
ancient times. Some of these books are focused more on war and military science
("Art of War", "Book of Five Rings", "Hagakure"), others are more self-reflective and
develop an ethical philosophy ("Analects", "Meditations"), and others still are focused
more on politics and ruling ("Arthashastra", "The Prince"). Each of these books provides
a unique and historical perspective regarding these topics, and they complement each
other in tracing deep insight into the nature of leadership, war, politics, and statecraft.
Each translation of The Meditations by Marcus Aurelius takes some liberties. Words are added and some removed in order to better reach meaning and understanding. This latest translation and new modern edition is meant to restore some of these missing elements, and provide a clear and accurate presentation of this great classic in English.
senior official in the Florentine Republic. After being imprisoned, and then exiled from politics,
he wrote "The Prince" in 1513. While a keen commentator on political and military matters,
Machiavelli also wrote poetry and comedies which were popular in his lifetime, unlike his
political works. Still, his first love was ever and always politics.