Perspektiven des Wirtschaftsrechts: Deutsches, europäisches und internationales Handels-, Gesellschafts- und Kapitalmarktrecht. Beiträge für Klaus J. Hopt aus Anlass seiner Emeritierung

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Diese Festgabe ist einem der weltweit führenden Experten für das gesamte Wirtschaftsrecht und Autor zahlreicher maßgeblicher Werke vor allem zum Handels-, Gesellschafts- und Bankrecht von seinen Hamburger Schülern zu seinem Ausscheiden aus dem Dienst beim Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht in Hamburg gewidmet.
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About the author

Harald Baum, Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht, Hamburg; Andreas M. Fleckner, Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht, Hamburg; Alexander Hellgardt, Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht, Hamburg; Markus Roth , Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht, Hamburg.

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Additional Information

Publisher
Walter de Gruyter
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Published on
Nov 3, 2008
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Pages
535
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ISBN
9783899495768
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Best For
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Language
German
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Genres
Law / Business & Financial
Law / Corporate
Law / International
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Markus Roth
Inhaltsangabe:Einleitung: Ausgangspunkt der vorliegenden Arbeit ist die Informationseffizienz. Ein hohe Informationseffizienz ist Voraussetzung für eine optimale Kapitalallokation und Bedingung für einen vollkommenen Kapitalmarkt. Für diesen hängt der Kapitalwert theoretisch nicht von Finanzierungsentscheidungen ab. Verschiedene empirische Untersuchungen der Kapitalmärkte deuten jedoch darauf hin, dass Finanzierungsentscheidungen bei börsennotierten Unternehmen Kursreaktionen auslösen, die im Rahmen von neoklassischen Gleichgewichtsmodellen nicht erklärt werden können. Die beobachteten Kursreaktionen deuten auf die Existenz von Marktunvollkommenheiten. Für deren Beschreibung existiert keine geschlossene Theorie, folglich ist nur eine Partialanalyse der Finanzierungsentscheidung mit Hilfe verschiedener Untersuchungshypothesen möglich. Die darin vorgeschlagenen Wirkungszusammenhänge lassen sich in Ereignisstudien aufzeigen. Kapitalerhöhungen sind ein wichtiges Beispiel von Finanzierungsentscheidungen. Während bei Kapitalerhöhungen gegen Bareinlagen und Neuemissionen dem Unternehmen Kapital zugeführt wird und sich somit auch die Kapitalstruktur ändert, ist dies bei Kapitalerhöhungen aus Gesellschaftsmitteln und erst recht für Stock Splits nicht der Fall. Letztere hatten am Deutschen Aktienmarkt lange Zeit keine Rolle gespielt. Erst mit dem Zweiten Finanzmarktförderungsgesetz 1994 wurde der Mindestnennwert für Aktien von 50 DM auf 5 DM verringert. Dies löste in der jüngsten Vergangenheit eine Flut von Stock Splits in Deutschland aus. Dadurch wurde auch eine wissenschaftliche Diskussion dieses Thema angeregt und seit 1994 sind fünf Studien durchgeführt worden, die KEaGM oder Stock Splits am deutschen Markt zum Gegenstand haben. Für den US-amerikanischen Aktienmarkt existieren wesentlich mehr wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen. Über die Wirkung der Ankündigung und Durchführung von KEaGM und Splits herrscht jedoch noch immer große Unsicherheit. Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit ist es, einen Überblick über den derzeitigen Stand der wissenschaftlichen Diskussion im Hinblick auf Kapitalmaßnahmen, die die Aktienzahl erhöhen, zu verschaffen. Dabei soll auf die Kapitalmarkteffizienz eingegangen werden und die Wirkung der Marktmikrostruktur gedeutet werden. Untersuchungsgegenstand ist der deutsche Aktienmarkt. Gang der Untersuchung: In einem ersten Schwerpunkt sollen aus der Fülle der möglichen Erklärungsansätze die herausgefiltert werden, die den größten [...]
Markus Roth
Inhaltsangabe:Einleitung: Die Video- und Audio Streaming Verfahren bieten die Möglichkeit, Video und Audio Inhalte auch über drahtlose Netzwerke zu verteilen. Ziel dieser Diplomarbeit ist die Untersuchung der Bereitstellung eines Unicast bzw. Multicast Videostreaming Dienstes über drahtlose Netzwerke. Es werden die technischen Grundlagen der Streaming Technologie, die Systeme RealSystem und Windows Media erläutert und die speziellen technischen Anforderungen des Videostreamings in drahtlosen lokalen Netzwerken (Wireless LANs) und mobilen GPRS und UMTS Netzen dargestellt. Basierend auf den Demonstrationssystemen, werden die notwendigen Untersuchungen durchgeführt, um für die jeweilig zur Verfügung stehenden Datenraten der Übertragungskanäle WLAN, GPRS und UMTS die jeweiligen optimalen Parameter für die Übertragung darzustellen. Inhaltsverzeichnis:Inhaltsverzeichnis: Abbildungsverzeichnis1 Abkürzungsverzeichnis3 1.Streaming Media5 1.1Datentransport im Internet5 1.2Übertragung von Video- und Audiodaten6 1.3Live und On Demand7 2.Übertragungsbandbreite8 2.1Zugangsnetze10 2.1.1Drahtgebundene Zugangsnetze10 2.1.1.1ISDN10 2.1.1.2XDSL10 2.1.2Drahtlose Zugangsnetze11 2.1.2.1HSCSD11 2.1.2.2GPRS11 2.1.2.3UMTS12 2.1.2.4WLAN13 2.1.3Übersicht: Datenraten der Zugangsnetze14 2.2Unicast Übertragung15 2.3Multicast Übertragung16 2.4Splitter und Cache-Server17 2.5Quality of Service18 2.6Surestream/ Multibit20 3.Übertragungsprotokolle21 3.1OSI-Referenzmodell22 3.2Internet Protokoll (IP)22 3.3Transportprotokolle23 3.3.1TCP23 3.3.2UDP24 3.4Streaming Media Protokolle25 3.4.1RTP und RTCP25 3.4.2RTSP26 4.Videokompression27 4.1Unkomprimierte Videodaten27 4.2Datenkompression27 4.3Videocodecs29 4.3.1MPEG-429 4.3.2Windows Media Videocodecs31 4.3.3RealSystem Videocodecs33 5.Microsoft Windows Media Technologies35 5.1Microsoft Streaming Protokolle35 5.2Windows Media Encoder37 5.2.1Einrichten der Audio- und Videoquellen38 5.2.2Bearbeiten und erstellen von Profilen39 5.3Windows Media Server45 5.3.1Unicastveröffentlichungspunkt46 5.3.2Multicaststation46 5.3.3ASX-Ankündigungsdatei47 6.RealSystem48 6.1Protokolle und Kanäle48 6.2RealProducer Plus49 6.2.1Quellmaterial und Ziel49 6.2.2Konfiguration des Mediastreams51 6.3RealServer55 6.3.1Mount Points56 6.3.2Multicasting und Splitting des RealSystems57 6.3.3RAM-Dateien58 7.VideostreamingDemonstrationsysteme59 7.1WLAN Demonstrator59 7.2GPRS Demonstrator60 8.Videostreaming [...]
Gaskell et al.
OVER THE WAY

I had been living at Tunbridge Wells and nowhere else, going on for ten years, when my medical man—very clever in his profession, and the prettiest player I ever saw in my life of a hand at Long Whist, which was a noble and a princely game before Short was heard of—said to me, one day, as he sat feeling my pulse on the actual sofa which my poor dear sister Jane worked before her spine came on, and laid her on a board for fifteen months at a stretch—the most upright woman that ever lived—said to me,“What we want, ma’am, is a fillip.”

“Good gracious, goodness gracious, Doctor Towers!” says I, quite startled at the man, for he was so christened himself: “don’t talk as if you were alluding to people’s names; but say what you mean.”

“I mean, my dear ma’am, that we want a little change of air and scene.”

“Bless the man!” said I; “does he mean we or me!”

“I mean you, ma’am.”

“Then Lard forgive you, Doctor Towers,” I said; “why don’t you get into a habit of expressing yourself in a straightforward manner, like a loyal subject of our gracious Queen Victoria, and a member of the Church of England?”

Towers laughed, as he generally does when he has fidgetted me into any of my impatient ways—one of my states, as I call them—and then he began,—

“Tone, ma’am, Tone, is all you require!” He appealed to Trottle, who just then came in with the coal-scuttle, looking, in his nice black suit, like an amiable man putting on coals from motives of benevolence.
Book 1
Galaxy Science Fiction was an American digest-size science fiction magazine, published from 1950 to 1980. It was founded by an Italian company, World Editions, which was looking to break into the American market. World Editions hired as editor H. L. Gold, who rapidly made Galaxy the leading science fiction (sf) magazine of its time, focusing on stories about social issues rather than technology.

Gold published many notable stories during his tenure, including Ray Bradbury's "The Fireman", later expanded as Fahrenheit 451; Robert A. Heinlein's The Puppet Masters; and Alfred Bester's The Demolished Man. In 1952, the magazine was acquired by Robert Guinn, its printer. By the late 1950s, Frederik Pohl was helping Gold with most aspects of the magazine's production. When Gold's health worsened, Pohl took over as editor, starting officially at the end of 1961, though he had been doing the majority of the production work for some time.

Under Pohl Galaxy had continued success, regularly publishing fiction by writers such as Cordwainer Smith, Jack Vance, Harlan Ellison, and Robert Silverberg. However, Pohl never won the annual Hugo Award for his stewardship of Galaxy, winning three Hugos instead for its sister magazine, If. In 1969 Guinn sold Galaxy to Universal Publishing and Distribution Corporation (UPD) and Pohl resigned, to be replaced by Ejler Jakobsson. Under Jakobsson the magazine declined in quality. It recovered under James Baen, who took over in mid-1974, but when he left at the end of 1977 the deterioration resumed, and there were financial problems—writers were not paid on time and the schedule became erratic. By the end of the 1970s the gaps between issues were lengthening, and the title was finally sold to Galileo publisher Vincent McCaffrey, who brought out only a single issue in 1980. A brief revival as a semi-professional magazine followed in 1994, edited by H. L. Gold's son, E. J. Gold; this lasted for eight bimonthly issues.

At its peak, Galaxy greatly influenced the science fiction field. It was regarded as one of the leading sf magazines almost from the start, and its influence did not wane until Pohl's departure in 1969. Gold brought a "sophisticated intellectual subtlety" to magazine science fiction according to Pohl, who added that "after Galaxy it was impossible to go on being naive." SF historian David Kyle agrees, commenting that "of all the editors in and out of the post-war scene, the most influential beyond any doubt was H. L. Gold". Kyle suggests that the new direction Gold set "inevitably" led to the experimental New Wave, the defining science fiction literary movement of the 1960s.
Book 16
Galaxy Science Fiction was an American digest-size science fiction magazine, published from 1950 to 1980. It was founded by an Italian company, World Editions, which was looking to break into the American market. World Editions hired as editor H. L. Gold, who rapidly made Galaxy the leading science fiction (sf) magazine of its time, focusing on stories about social issues rather than technology.

Gold published many notable stories during his tenure, including Ray Bradbury's "The Fireman", later expanded as Fahrenheit 451; Robert A. Heinlein's The Puppet Masters; and Alfred Bester's The Demolished Man. In 1952, the magazine was acquired by Robert Guinn, its printer. By the late 1950s, Frederik Pohl was helping Gold with most aspects of the magazine's production. When Gold's health worsened, Pohl took over as editor, starting officially at the end of 1961, though he had been doing the majority of the production work for some time.

Under Pohl Galaxy had continued success, regularly publishing fiction by writers such as Cordwainer Smith, Jack Vance, Harlan Ellison, and Robert Silverberg. However, Pohl never won the annual Hugo Award for his stewardship of Galaxy, winning three Hugos instead for its sister magazine, If. In 1969 Guinn sold Galaxy to Universal Publishing and Distribution Corporation (UPD) and Pohl resigned, to be replaced by Ejler Jakobsson. Under Jakobsson the magazine declined in quality. It recovered under James Baen, who took over in mid-1974, but when he left at the end of 1977 the deterioration resumed, and there were financial problems—writers were not paid on time and the schedule became erratic. By the end of the 1970s the gaps between issues were lengthening, and the title was finally sold to Galileo publisher Vincent McCaffrey, who brought out only a single issue in 1980. A brief revival as a semi-professional magazine followed in 1994, edited by H. L. Gold's son, E. J. Gold; this lasted for eight bimonthly issues.

At its peak, Galaxy greatly influenced the science fiction field. It was regarded as one of the leading sf magazines almost from the start, and its influence did not wane until Pohl's departure in 1969. Gold brought a "sophisticated intellectual subtlety" to magazine science fiction according to Pohl, who added that "after Galaxy it was impossible to go on being naive." SF historian David Kyle agrees, commenting that "of all the editors in and out of the post-war scene, the most influential beyond any doubt was H. L. Gold". Kyle suggests that the new direction Gold set "inevitably" led to the experimental New Wave, the defining science fiction literary movement of the 1960s.
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