General safety precautions
Select bee site
Assemble and maintain a hive
Obtaining bees (buy hives)
Obtaining bees (buy packages)
Light and extinguish a bee smoker
Open, inspect and close a hive
Move a hive
Catch a swarm
Identify flora for honey production
Judging field conditions
Legal considerations for an apiary
Health problems and pests in the hive
Reducing swarming behaviour
Buying second-hand hives and equipment
Industry structure and contacts
Managing Work Health and Safety risks
Check your skill
Doug Somerville is employed by the NSW Department of Primary Industries as a Technical Specialist for Honey Bees. He has over 25 years experience assisting bee keepers and honey producers with
• best management practices in keeping honey bees;
• seasonal management enquiries;
• disease/pest management processes;
• starting out in bees;
• progressing from an amateur beekeeper to a business in keeping bees.
Doug Somerville has beekeeping experience in the United Kingdom and Canada and has been a guest speaker at several international conferences. He also manages over 100 hives himself for research, honey production and pollination.
Jennifer Laffan has written many publications and training resources for the NSW Department of Primary Industries, including others in the AgSkills series.
John Rhodes has been in the beekeeping industry for all of his working life, including forty years of service in the Queensland and New South Wales Department of Primary Industries (DPI).
Healthy Bees covers seasonal factors that affect the health of the colony, nutrition, non-infectious disorders, diseases, exotic pests, and strategies to prevent them.
Clear photographs to help you recognise and identify pests and diseases, and videos demonstrate collecting samples from your hive.
CHAPTER 1: The honey bee
Lifecycle of the honey bee
Castes of bees and their roles in the colony
Sex hormones in the hive
CHAPTER 2: Colony size
Colony size varies with seasons
Nectar flow and brood rearing
Managing bees in winter
Managing bees in spring
CHAPTER 3: Nutrition
Food for bees
Feeding sugar to honey bees
Plants as poisons
CHAPTER 4: Effects of seasons and location
CHAPTER 5: Disease and disorder
Health of bees is important
Causes of disease
CHAPTER 6: Strategies to prevent disease
Inspect the hive
Comb replacement program
CHAPTER 7: Diseases of the honey bee brood
Kashmir bee virus
Black queen cell virus
Prepare a larval smear for diagnosis
CHAPTER 8: Diseases of adult honey bees
Chronic bee paralysis virus (CBPV)
CHAPTER 9: Hive pests
Small hive beetle (SHB)
CHAPTER 10: Exotic pests
Sugar shaking to detect external parasites
Large hive beetles
CHAPTER 11: Surveillance and response to exotic pests and disease
Response to surveillance alert
CHAPTER 12: Honey bees and the law
Abandoned or neglected hives
The legal requirement to notify
Biosecurity Code of Practice
Bonus Chapter: Testing for Hygienic Behaviour
Liquid Nitrogen-Killed Brood Test
Appendix 1: Glossary
Appendix 2: The pollen story
Not all pollen is equal
No pollen and the colony dies
Sugar syrup, brood rearing, pollen foraging
Appendix 3: Competencies supported by this publication
This book informs beekeepers of best practices so that their hard work results in a product of optimum quality. It also describes the threats to honey quality which can occur through poor handling skills or poor design of facilities. It includes references to legislation about food production, where relevant. It shows the way to document procedures so that they can be used as evidence of best practice.
PART A: HIVE TO EXTRACTION
Part A is about:
· safety of personnel
· properties of honey
· removing honey from the hive
· transporting honey to the extracting facility.
PART B: EXTRACTION PREMISES
Part B is about:
· the location and construction of the extraction facility
· surrounding grounds
· site as a food premise
· mobile extraction facilities.
PART C: EXTRACTION PROCESS
Part C is about:
· the extraction process
· extraction equipment
· maintenance of the equipment
· storage of honey.
PART D: EVIDENCE
Beekeepers and other food producers must have documented and traceable evidence that food materials have been handled safely and free from any contamination.
Part D of this book outlines the requirements for the documentation and provides examples of satisfactory ways to demonstrate compliance. This is the Hazard Analysis at Critical Control Points or HACCP for the honey industry.
Beekeeping For Dummies is a practical, step-by-step beginner's guide to beekeeping. It gives you plain-English guidance on everything you need to know to start your own beehive, from buying the right equipment, sourcing bees, and locating your hive to maintaining a healthy colony and harvesting honey. Plus, you'll get the latest information on the causes and effects of bee disease, colony collapse disorder, and the impact the sudden disappearance of the honeybee has on our environment and economy.
Here, you'll get trusted information on beekeeping in the UK, specifically written to address climate, buying equipment, locating hives, the local impact of colony collapse disorder and ways to avoid or minimise the risk to your hive, seasonal beekeeping tasks, local beekeeping associations, and updated content on urban beekeeping.Understand the anatomy of your bees Learn techniques and tips for harvesting, bottling, packaging, and selling honey Discover the benefits of beekeeping Learn techniques on obtaining and hiving your bees If you're a beginner beekeeper, taking a beekeeping course, or just have an interest in the plight of the honeybee, Beekeeping For Dummies has you covered!