Bee AgSkills: A Practical Guide to Farm Skills

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A clear, practical guide to beekeeping produced by a team of experienced apiary officers from NSW DPI. Includes how to use a bee smoker and work safely with bees, how to maintain hives, how to catch a swarm, how to remove and extract honey, how to replace a queen bee, and common health and pest problems in beehives. With step-by-step photographs, clear diagrams, and a linked glossary of terms. 

CONTENTS

Introduction

Foreword

Background knowledge

General safety precautions

Select bee site

Assemble and maintain a hive

Obtaining bees (buy hives)

Obtaining bees (buy packages)

Light and extinguish a bee smoker

Open, inspect and close a hive

Move a hive

Seasonal management

Catch a swarm

Re-queen

Identify flora for honey production

Judging field conditions

Remove honey

Extract honey

Legal considerations for an apiary

Health problems and pests in the hive

Reducing swarming behaviour

Buying second-hand hives and equipment

Quality assurance

Industry structure and contacts

Glossary

Managing Work Health and Safety risks

Check your skill

Further reading


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About the author

Doug Somerville is employed by the NSW Department of Primary Industries as a Technical Specialist for Honey Bees. He has over 25 years experience assisting bee keepers and honey producers with
    •    best management practices in keeping honey bees;
    •    seasonal management enquiries;
    •    disease/pest management processes;
    •    starting out in bees;
    •    progressing from an amateur beekeeper to a business in keeping bees.
Doug Somerville has beekeeping experience in the United Kingdom and Canada and has been a guest speaker at several international conferences. He also manages over 100 hives himself for research, honey production and pollination.

Jennifer Laffan has written many publications and training resources for the NSW Department of Primary Industries, including others in the AgSkills series.

John Rhodes has been in the beekeeping industry for all of his working life, including forty years of service in the Queensland and New South Wales Department of Primary Industries (DPI).

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Additional Information

Publisher
NSW Agriculture
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Published on
Feb 26, 2015
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Pages
186
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ISBN
9780731306039
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Language
English
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Genres
Technology & Engineering / Agriculture / Beekeeping
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Read Aloud
Available on Android devices
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Eligible for Family Library

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The aim of this book is to provide bee-keepers with a guide to the common pests and diseases of bees.

Healthy Bees covers seasonal factors that affect the health of the colony, nutrition, non-infectious disorders, diseases, exotic pests, and strategies to prevent them.

Clear photographs to help you recognise and identify pests and diseases, and videos demonstrate collecting samples from your hive.

 

Contents

Introduction

CHAPTER 1: The honey bee

Introduction

Lifecycle of the honey bee

Castes of bees and their roles in the colony

Genetics

Inbreeding

Sex hormones in the hive


CHAPTER 2: Colony size

Introduction

Colony size varies with seasons

Nectar flow and brood rearing

Managing bees in winter

Managing bees in spring


CHAPTER 3: Nutrition

Food for bees

Feeding sugar to honey bees

Plants as poisons


CHAPTER 4: Effects of seasons and location

Seasons

Location


CHAPTER 5: Disease and disorder

Health of bees is important

Non-infectious disorders

Causes of disease


CHAPTER 6: Strategies to prevent disease

Be alert

Inspect the hive

Comb replacement program

Barrier system

Best practice


CHAPTER 7: Diseases of the honey bee brood

American foulbrood

European foulbrood

Chalkbrood

Sacbrood

Kashmir bee virus

Black queen cell virus

Prepare a larval smear for diagnosis


CHAPTER 8: Diseases of adult honey bees

Nosema disease

Chronic bee paralysis virus (CBPV)


CHAPTER 9: Hive pests

Small hive beetle (SHB)

Wax moth

Other pests


CHAPTER 10: Exotic pests

Varroa mite

Sugar shaking to detect external parasites

Tracheal mite

Tropilaelaps mite

Predatory hornets

Large hive beetles


CHAPTER 11: Surveillance and response to exotic pests and disease

Surveillance

Response to surveillance alert


CHAPTER 12: Honey bees and the law

Introduction

Beekeeper registration

Abandoned or neglected hives

The legal requirement to notify

Biosecurity Code of Practice


Bonus Chapter: Testing for Hygienic Behaviour

Liquid Nitrogen-Killed Brood Test


Appendix 1: Glossary

Appendix 2: The pollen story

Not all pollen is equal

No pollen and the colony dies

Pollen substitutes

Sugar syrup, brood rearing, pollen foraging

References


Appendix 3: Competencies supported by this publication

This Honey AgGuide is an essential manual for anyone wishing to remove and extract honey under the best possible conditions. It is also a reference manual for all serious beekeepers who wish to ensure they do everything possible to maintain the highest quality honey. It is focused on the commercial production and handling of honey, but also provides helpful information for recreational and side-line honey producers. 

This book informs beekeepers of best practices so that their hard work results in a product of optimum quality. It also describes the threats to honey quality which can occur through poor handling skills or poor design of facilities. It includes references to legislation about food production, where relevant. It shows the way to document procedures so that they can be used as evidence of best practice.


Contents:

PART A: HIVE TO EXTRACTION

Part A is about:

·       safety of personnel

·       properties of honey

·       removing honey from the hive

·       transporting honey to the extracting facility.

 

PART B: EXTRACTION PREMISES

Part B  is about:

·       the location and construction of the extraction facility

·       surrounding grounds

·       site as a food premise

·       design

·       mobile extraction facilities.

 

PART C: EXTRACTION PROCESS

Part C is about:

·       the extraction process

·       extraction equipment

·       maintenance of the equipment

·       storage of honey.

 

PART D: EVIDENCE

Beekeepers and other food producers must have documented and traceable evidence that food materials have been handled safely and free from any contamination.

Part D of this book outlines the requirements for the documentation and provides examples of satisfactory ways to demonstrate compliance. This is the Hazard Analysis at Critical Control Points or HACCP for the honey industry.

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