Las finanzas en una sociedad justa: Dejemos de condenar el sistema financiero y, por el bien común, recuperémoslo

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Una defensa del sistema financiero y cómo este puede contribuir a la mejora del estado del bienestar

La implicación de Wall Street y del sector financiero global en la crisis econónmica que arrastramos desde 2008 no ayuda a que la opinión de la sociedad acerca de sus prácticas y mecanismos sea especialmente favorable. Es más, se les acusa de ser los máximos responsables de la hecatombe, y son muchos los ciudadanos que reclaman un cambio sustancial de modelo.

No obstante, tal como argumenta el reconocido economista Robert J. Shiller en este ensayo, el sector financiero juega un papel básico, capital e insustituible en nuestro modelo económico y lo que debe hacerse, en lugar de intentar eliminarlo o minimizarlo, es darle nuevas alas para que, con todos los controles necesarios, vuelva a ocupar el lugar que le corresponde y ayude al bien común.
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About the author

Robert J. Shiller, ocupa la cátedra Arthur M. Okun de Economía en la Universidad de Yale. Doctor de Economía por el MIT, ha escrito sobre mercados financieros, macroeconomía , métodos estadísticos e innovación. Ha sido investigador asociado del National Bureau of Economic Researchdesde 1980 y vicepresidente de la American Economic Association, así como presidente de la Eastern Economist Association. Además, escribe una columna en el New York Times, es co-fundador y presidente de MacroMarkets LLC, y autor de los libros: El estallido de la burbuja (Deusto, 2009), Animal Spirits (Deusto, 2009), Las finanzas en una sociedad justa (Deusto, 2012) y Exuberancia irracional(Deusto, 2015). En 2013 obtuvo el Premio Nobel de Economía.

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Additional Information

Publisher
Grupo Planeta Spain
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Published on
Sep 4, 2012
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Pages
243
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ISBN
9788423413003
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Language
Spanish
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Genres
Business & Economics / Accounting / General
Business & Economics / Investments & Securities / General
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Robert J. Shiller
En esta edición revisada, actualizada y ampliada de su bestseller del New York Times, el economista ganador del Premio Nobel Robert Shiller, que ya advirtió de la burbuja tecnológica y de la de la vivienda, ahora nos alerta de que los signos de la exuberancia irracional de los inversores no han hecho más que aumentar desde la crisis financiera de 2008-2009. Con los precios de las acciones y los bonos disparados en Estados Unidos y el incremento del precio de la vivienda en muchos países, el boom post-subprime bien puede llegar a convertirse una demostración más del argumento de Shiller sobre la volatilidad impulsada por los vaivenes psicológicos inherente a todos los mercados activos. En otras palabras, Exuberancia irracional sigue siendo una obra tan relevante como siempre.

Pero, además, la importancia de Exuberancia irracional trata de algo mucho más importante que la situación actual en un mercado determinado, pues el libro analiza las fuerzas que se mueven todos los mercados arriba y abajo. Muestra cómo la euforia inversora puede llevar los precios de los activos hasta cotas vertiginosas e insostenibles y cómo, en otras ocasiones, el desaliento inversor puede hacer bajar los precios a niveles muy bajos.

Las anteriores ediciones del libro trataron los mercados de valores e inmobiliario y se hicieron famosas por predecir sus crashes. Esta nueva edición amplía su alcance para incluir el mercado de bonos, por lo que el libro se dirige ahora a todos los principales mercados de inversión. Para esta edición se han actualizado todos los datos y se ha añadido el parlamento que ofreció Shiller al recibir el Premio Nobel.

Además de diagnosticar las causas de las burbujas de activos, Exuberancia irracional recomienda cambios urgentes en las políticas económicas y financieras para disminuir la probabilidad de que se repitan o, por lo menos, su gravedad, y aconseja a los inversores algunas medidas para reducir su riesgo antes de que estalle la próxima burbuja. Nadie cuyo futuro dependa de una cuenta de jubilación, una casa, u otras inversiones pueden permitirse el lujo de no leerlo.

Robert J. Shiller
Macro Markets puts forward a unique and authoritative set of detailed proposals for establishing new markets for the management of the biggest economic risks facing society. Our existing financial markets are seen as being inadequate in dealing with such risks and Professor Shiller suggests major new markets as solutions to the problem. Shiller argues that although some risks, such as natural disaster or temporary unemployment, are shared by society, most risks are borne by the individual and standards of living determined by luck. He investigates whether a new technology of markets could make risk-sharing possible, and shows how new contracts could be designed to hedge all manner of risks to the individual's living standards. He proposes new international markets for perpetual claims on national incomes, and on components and aggregates of national incomes, concluding that these markets may well dwarf our stock markets in their activity and significance. He also argues for new liquid international markets for residential and commercial property. Establishing such unprecedented new markets presents some important technical problems which Shiller attempts to solve with proposals for implementing futures markets on perpetual claims on incomes, and for the construction of index numbers for cash settlement of risk management contracts. These new markets could fundamentally alter and diminish international economic fluctuations, and reduce the inequality of incomes around the world.
Robert J. Shiller
Macro Markets puts forward a unique and authoritative set of detailed proposals for establishing new markets for the management of the biggest economic risks facing society. Our existing financial markets are seen as being inadequate in dealing with such risks and Professor Shiller suggests major new markets as solutions to the problem. Shiller argues that although some risks, such as natural disaster or temporary unemployment, are shared by society, most risks are borne by the individual and standards of living determined by luck. He investigates whether a new technology of markets could make risk-sharing possible, and shows how new contracts could be designed to hedge all manner of risks to the individual's living standards. He proposes new international markets for perpetual claims on national incomes, and on components and aggregates of national incomes, concluding that these markets may well dwarf our stock markets in their activity and significance. He also argues for new liquid international markets for residential and commercial property. Establishing such unprecedented new markets presents some important technical problems which Shiller attempts to solve with proposals for implementing futures markets on perpetual claims on incomes, and for the construction of index numbers for cash settlement of risk management contracts. These new markets could fundamentally alter and diminish international economic fluctuations, and reduce the inequality of incomes around the world.
Robert J. Shiller
The subprime mortgage crisis has already wreaked havoc on the lives of millions of people and now it threatens to derail the U.S. economy and economies around the world. In this trenchant book, best-selling economist Robert Shiller reveals the origins of this crisis and puts forward bold measures to solve it. He calls for an aggressive response--a restructuring of the institutional foundations of the financial system that will not only allow people once again to buy and sell homes with confidence, but will create the conditions for greater prosperity in America and throughout the deeply interconnected world economy.

Shiller blames the subprime crisis on the irrational exuberance that drove the economy's two most recent bubbles--in stocks in the 1990s and in housing between 2000 and 2007. He shows how these bubbles led to the dangerous overextension of credit now resulting in foreclosures, bankruptcies, and write-offs, as well as a global credit crunch. To restore confidence in the markets, Shiller argues, bailouts are needed in the short run. But he insists that these bailouts must be targeted at low-income victims of subprime deals. In the longer term, the subprime solution will require leaders to revamp the financial framework by deploying an ambitious package of initiatives to inhibit the formation of bubbles and limit risks, including better financial information; simplified legal contracts and regulations; expanded markets for managing risks; home equity insurance policies; income-linked home loans; and new measures to protect consumers against hidden inflationary effects.

This powerful book is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand how we got into the subprime mess--and how we can get out. In a new preface to this powerful book, Shiller discusses the development of the crisis in relation to the ideas presented in The Subprime Solution.

Robert J. Shiller
In his best-selling Irrational Exuberance, Robert Shiller cautioned that society's obsession with the stock market was fueling the volatility that has since made a roller coaster of the financial system. Less noted was Shiller's admonition that our infatuation with the stock market distracts us from more durable economic prospects. These lie in the hidden potential of real assets, such as income from our livelihoods and homes. But these ''ordinary riches,'' so fundamental to our well-being, are increasingly exposed to the pervasive risks of a rapidly changing global economy. This compelling and important new book presents a fresh vision for hedging risk and securing our economic future.

Shiller describes six fundamental ideas for using modern information technology and advanced financial theory to temper basic risks that have been ignored by risk management institutions--risks to the value of our jobs and our homes, to the vitality of our communities, and to the very stability of national economies. Informed by a comprehensive risk information database, this new financial order would include global markets for trading risks and exploiting myriad new financial opportunities, from inequality insurance to intergenerational social security. Just as developments in insuring risks to life, health, and catastrophe have given us a quality of life unimaginable a century ago, so Shiller's plan for securing crucial assets promises to substantially enrich our condition.

Once again providing an enormous service, Shiller gives us a powerful means to convert our ordinary riches into a level of economic security, equity, and growth never before seen. And once again, what Robert Shiller says should be read and heeded by anyone with a stake in the economy.

Robert J. Shiller
The subprime mortgage crisis has already wreaked havoc on the lives of millions of people and now it threatens to derail the U.S. economy and economies around the world. In this trenchant book, best-selling economist Robert Shiller reveals the origins of this crisis and puts forward bold measures to solve it. He calls for an aggressive response--a restructuring of the institutional foundations of the financial system that will not only allow people once again to buy and sell homes with confidence, but will create the conditions for greater prosperity in America and throughout the deeply interconnected world economy.

Shiller blames the subprime crisis on the irrational exuberance that drove the economy's two most recent bubbles--in stocks in the 1990s and in housing between 2000 and 2007. He shows how these bubbles led to the dangerous overextension of credit now resulting in foreclosures, bankruptcies, and write-offs, as well as a global credit crunch. To restore confidence in the markets, Shiller argues, bailouts are needed in the short run. But he insists that these bailouts must be targeted at low-income victims of subprime deals. In the longer term, the subprime solution will require leaders to revamp the financial framework by deploying an ambitious package of initiatives to inhibit the formation of bubbles and limit risks, including better financial information; simplified legal contracts and regulations; expanded markets for managing risks; home equity insurance policies; income-linked home loans; and new measures to protect consumers against hidden inflationary effects.

This powerful book is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand how we got into the subprime mess--and how we can get out.

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