This is a modern
language version of John Stuart Mill’s classic 1859 essay. Essentially, it
translates the work into current English with the aim of improving its
readability and understandability. The translation is substantive but retains
literalness and original word order and grammar as far as possible.
concern in On Liberty is with the
liberty of the individual. He is fully aware that personal freedom is only a
part of freedom. People live in
societies and their personal liberty depends on – and contributes to – economic
and political institutional (etc.) freedom. In the course of the essay, Mill
touches on many wider sociocultural aspects of liberty. He does not examine
them very systematically or in much depth.
However, he is not setting out to write a comprehensive treatise on
Nor does On Liberty just attack state
interference with freedom.
Mill sets down
as a basic principle that neither the state nor society has any business
restricting the liberty of people except to prevent injury to others.
2: Liberty of thought & discussion
Individuality: One of the elements of well-being
limits to the authority of society over the individual